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Adolescent Medicine I

Adolescent Medicine I

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Published by: api-3712326 on Oct 14, 2008
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03/18/2014

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1
Adolescent Medicine
Jane Peterson, M.D.
2
Adolescent Growth and Development
\ue000
Physiology of Pubescence
\u2022 Pubescence results from the decreased sensitivity of the axis to
negative feedback
\u2022 GnRH stimulates production of LH and FSH, which stimulates the
ovaries and testes to make estrogen and testosterone
\u2022 Bone age (skeletal maturity) may be disparate by as much as two
years from chronological age and still be normal
\u2022 Pubescence is a dynamic process that can take 2.5 to 5 years to
complete

\u2022 Individuals who begin growth spurt early are initially taller than peers,
but they will ultimately be relatively shorter than those who begin
their growth spurt later

Pubescence is a dynamic process that takes two and a half to five years
to complete. The word pubescence is used, instead of puberty, because
pubescence implies that it is an extended process. Puberty is a process.
Also, remember that individuals may start the growth spurt early. Two
young men, fourteen years of age, they have different growth patterns.
And the implications of that are terrific among the adolescents them-
selves. The nice thing that we can do for smaller adolescent, is that we
can assure him that when he comes back for the 10 year reunion, that
he is probably going to be taller than the guy that started developing
early.

3
Physical Development
\ue000
The first sign of pubescence in males in usually testicular enlargement
(normal age of onset is 11.5 years with a range of 9-14 years)
\ue000
The first sign of pubescence in females is usually breast bud formation
(normal age of onset has a range of 8-14 years)

As far as physical development, the first sign of pubescence in males is usually testicular enlargement. It usually starts around 11\u00bd years of age. The first sign of pubescence in females is breast bud development with the usual onset is somewhere between eight and 14 years of age.

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