The object of this experiment was to calculate the hydrostatic force a fluid exerts on a submerged planesurface and then compare the experimental hydrostatic force to the theoretical hydrostatic force.
A fluid at rest is said to be in a static condition. Consider a small three dimensional
of a static fluid, called afluid particle as seen in Figure 1. The fluid particle experiences a constant pressure on all sides acting inwardtowards a single point at its center. The horizontal x and y components of the pressure are equal and opposite andhave a net sum of zero. It can then be said that the pressure does not change in the horizontal direction.
Diagram of a fluid particle with the acting pressures and forces.
The pressure components acting in the vertical z direction are also equal and opposite in magnitude andnegate one another. The only component of Figure one that is not negated is the weight of the fluid particle that actsvertically along the z axis. By
Second Law, the force of weight is expressed as the product of mass, m,and acceleration, a.
F = ma
The mass of the fluid particle can be expressed as the product of its density,
, and its volume, V.
for the mass term and letting the acceleration term equal gravitationalacceleration yields: