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Gia Nhap WTO

Gia Nhap WTO

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Published by api-3713389

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Published by: api-3713389 on Oct 14, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Xu\u1ea5t kh\u1ea9u sang M\u1ef9: ph\u00e1t tri\u1ec3n nhanh v\u00e0 li\u00ean t\u1ee5
16:30' 20/06/2005 (GMT+7)
Kim ng\u1ea1ch xu\u1ea5t kh\u1ea9u c\u1ee7a VN v\u00e0o M\u1ef9 li\u00ean t\u1ee5c t\u0103ng nhanh trong nh\u1eefng n\u0103m qua, \u0111\u1eb7c
sau Hi\u1ec7p \u0111\u1ecbnh Th\u01b0\u01a1ng m\u1ea1i Vi\u1ec7t-M\u1ef9 v\u00e0o cu\u1ed1i n\u0103m 2001.
N\u1ebfu nh\u01b0 tr\u01b0\u1edbc n\u0103m 2001, kim ng\u1ea1ch xu\u1ea5t kh\u1ea9u v\u00e0o M\u1ef9 ch\u01b0a \u0111\u1ebfn 1 t\u1ef7 USD th\u00ec \u0111\u1ebfn n\u0103
con s\u1ed1 n\u00e0y \u0111\u00e3 l\u00ean \u0111\u1ebfn 5,2 t\u1ef7 USD, v\u00e0 trong n\u0103m nay d\u1ef1 ki\u1ebfn s\u1ebd \u0111\u1ea1t kho\u1ea3ng 5,7-5,9 t\u1ef7 USD.

G\u1ea7n \u0111\u00e2y, t\u00ecnh h\u00ecnh xu\u1ea5t kh\u1ea9u g\u1eb7p kh\u00e1 nhi\u1ec1u kh\u00f3 kh\u0103n, nh\u1ea5t l\u00e0 nh\u1eefng r\u00e0o c\u1ea3n th\u01b0\u01a1ng m\u1ea1i n v\u1ee5 ki\u1ec7n b\u00e1n ph\u00e1 gi\u00e1. Tuy nhi\u00ean, nh\u1eefng ng\u00e0nh xu\u1ea5t kh\u1ea9u ch\u1ee7 l\u1ef1c c\u1ee7a VN v\u1eabn kh\u00f4ng ng ki\u1ebfm c\u01a1 h\u1ed9i m\u1edf r\u1ed9ng con \u0111\u01b0\u1eddng v\u00e0o th\u1ecb tr\u01b0\u1eddng n\u00e0y.

V\u1eabn nhi\u1ec1u tri\u1ec3n v\u1ecdng

N\u1ed5i l\u00ean nh\u01b0 m\u1ed9t ng\u00e0nh xu\u1ea5t kh\u1ea9u \u0111\u1ea7y ti\u1ec1m n\u0103ng l\u00e0 ng\u00e0nh ch\u1ebf bi\u1ebfn g\u1ed7 v\u1edbi kim ng\u1ea1ch xu\u1ea5t kh\u1ea9u n\u0103m ngo\u00e1i \u0111\u00e3 v\u01b0\u1ee3t qua ng\u01b0\u1ee1ng 1 t\u1ef7 USD, trong \u0111\u00f3 th\u1ecb tr\u01b0\u1eddng M\u1ef9 \u0111\u1ea1t h\u01a1n 370 tri\u1ec7u USD v\u00e0 \u0111ang tr\u1edf th\u00e0nh th\u1ecb tr\u01b0\u1eddng m\u1ee5c ti\u00eau l\u1edbn nh\u1ea5t c\u1ee7a \u0111\u1ed3 g\u1ed7 xu\u1ea5t kh\u1ea9u VN. Theo Th\u01b0\u01a1ng v\u1ee5 VN t\u1ea1i M\u1ef9, d\u1ef1 b\u00e1o kim ng\u1ea1ch xu\u1ea5t kh\u1ea9u \u0111\u1ed3 g\u1ed7 c\u1ee7a VN v\u00e0o M\u1ef9 c\u00f2n ti\u1ebfp t\u1ee5c t\u0103ng m\u1ea1nh, \u01b0\u1edbc \u0111\u1ea1t t\u1eeb 500-550 tri\u1ec7u USD M\u1ef9 trong n\u0103m nay.

Theo c\u01a1 quan th\u01b0\u01a1ng v\u1ee5, \u0111\u1ed3 g\u1ed7 xu\u1ea5t kh\u1ea9u c\u1ee7a VN v\u00e0o M\u1ef9 \u0111\u00e3 c\u00f3 \u0111i\u1ec1u ki\u1ec7n t\u0103ng nhanh do thu\u1ebf su\u1ea5t nh\u1eadp kh\u1ea9u c\u1ee7a M\u1ef9 ch\u1ec9 c\u00f2n t\u1eeb 0-3%. M\u1eb7t kh\u00e1c, c\u00e1c nh\u00e0 nh\u1eadp kh\u1ea9u M\u1ef9 \u0111ang t\u00ecm \u0111\u1ebfn VN nh\u01b0 m\u1ed9t \u0111\u1ecba ch\u1ec9 cung c\u1ea5p \u0111\u1ed3 g\u1ed7 \u1edf ch\u00e2u \u00c1 \u0111\u1ec3 kh\u00f4ng qu\u00e1 t\u1eadp trung v\u00e0o ngu\u1ed3n cung c\u1ea5p t\u1eeb Trung Qu\u1ed1c d\u1eabn \u0111\u1ebfn vi\u1ec7c b\u1ecb \u00e1p thu\u1ebf ch\u1ed1ng b\u00e1n ph\u00e1 gi\u00e1. Tuy xu\u1ea5t kh\u1ea9u \u0111\u1ed3 g\u1ed7 c\u1ee7a VN t\u0103ng nhanh nh\u01b0ng v\u1eabn chi\u1ebfm ch\u01b0a \u0111\u1ebfn 2% t\u1ed5ng kim ng\u1ea1ch nh\u1eadp kh\u1ea9u \u0111\u1ed3 g\u1ed7 c\u1ee7a M\u1ef9.

Theo Hi\u1ec7p h\u1ed9i Ch\u1ebf bi\u1ebfn g\u1ed7, b\u00ean c\u1ea1nh vi\u1ec7c s\u1eed d\u1ee5ng \u0111\u1ed3 g\u1ed7 thu\u1ea7n t\u00fay th\u00ec m\u1ed9t xu h\u01b0\u1edbng \u0111ang gia
t\u0103ng l\u00e0 s\u1eed d\u1ee5ng \u0111\u1ed3 g\u1ed7 c\u00f3 th\u00eam nh\u1eefng chi ti\u1ebft b\u1eb1ng v\u1eadt li\u1ec7u kh\u00e1c nh\u01b0 kim lo\u1ea1i, nh\u1ef1a, da, v\u1ea3i\u2026

M\u1eb7t kh\u00e1c, th\u1ecb tr\u01b0\u1eddng ti\u00eau th\u1ee5 \u0111\u1ed3 g\u1ed7 \u1edf M\u1ef9 c\u0169ng c\u00f3 xu h\u01b0\u1edbng gia t\u0103ng d\u00f2ng s\u1ea3n ph\u1ea9m trung b\u00ecnh v\u00e0 cao c\u1ea5p. C\u00e1c doanh nghi\u1ec7p t\u1eadp trung khai th\u00e1c d\u00f2ng s\u1ea3n ph\u1ea9m n\u00e0y s\u1ebd tr\u00e1nh ph\u1ea3i c\u1ea1nh tranh v\u1edbi h\u00e0ng c\u1ea5p th\u1ea5p c\u1ee7a Trung Qu\u1ed1c, \u0111\u1ed3ng th\u1eddi gi\u1ea3m nguy c\u01a1 b\u1ecb xem x\u00e9t v\u1ec1 b\u00e1n ph\u00e1 gi\u00e1.

T\u01b0\u01a1ng t\u1ef1 nh\u01b0 \u0111\u1ed3 g\u1ed7, m\u1eb7t h\u00e0ng gi\u00e0y d\u00e9p VN c\u0169ng \u0111ang c\u00f3 nhi\u1ec1u c\u01a1 h\u1ed9i do c\u00e1c nh\u00e0 nh\u1eadp kh\u1ea9u M\u1ef9 t\u00ecm th\u00eam c\u00e1c ngu\u1ed3n cung c\u1ea5p kh\u00e1c \u0111\u1ec3 kh\u00f4ng b\u1ecb ph\u1ee5 thu\u1ed9c v\u00e0o Trung Qu\u1ed1c v\u1ed1n \u0111ang chi\u1ebfm th\u1ecb ph\u1ea7n qu\u00e1 l\u1edbn v\u1ec1 gi\u00e0y d\u00e9p nh\u1eadp kh\u1ea9u c\u1ee7a n\u01b0\u1edbc n\u00e0y. L\u00e2u nay, th\u1ecb tr\u01b0\u1eddng xu\u1ea5t kh\u1ea9u ch\u00ednh c\u1ee7a gi\u00e0y d\u00e9p VN v\u1eabn l\u00e0 c\u00e1c n\u01b0\u1edbc Li\u00ean hi\u1ec7p ch\u00e2u \u00c2u (EU).

Tuy v\u1eady, t\u1ed1c \u0111\u1ed9 t\u0103ng tr\u01b0\u1edfng kh\u00e1 nhanh c\u1ee7a xu\u1ea5t kh\u1ea9u gi\u00e0y d\u00e9p VN v\u00e0o M\u1ef9 trong m\u1ed9t hai n\u0103m g\u1ea7n \u0111\u00e2y cho th\u1ea5y c\u01a1 h\u1ed9i kh\u00e1 l\u1edbn cho c\u00e1c doanh nghi\u1ec7p \u0111\u1ed1i v\u1edbi th\u1ecb tr\u01b0\u1eddng n\u00e0y. D\u00f9 ch\u1ec9 m\u1edbi chi\u1ebfm 2% th\u1ecb ph\u1ea7n nh\u1eadp kh\u1ea9u tr\u00ean th\u1ecb tr\u01b0\u1eddng M\u1ef9 nh\u01b0ng x\u00e9t v\u1ec1 t\u1ed1c \u0111\u1ed9, m\u1ee9c t\u0103ng tr\u01b0\u1edfng b\u00ecnh qu\u00e2n c\u1ee7a gi\u00e0y d\u00e9p VN l\u00e0 40-50%/n\u0103m; kim ng\u1ea1ch xu\u1ea5t kh\u1ea9u v\u00e0o M\u1ef9 trong n\u0103m ngo\u00e1i \u0111\u00e3 \u0111\u1ea1t \u0111\u1ebfn 500 tri\u1ec7u USD M\u1ef9, ch\u1ec9 \u0111\u1ee9ng sau d\u1ec7t may v\u00e0 th\u1ee7y s\u1ea3n.

Ph\u1ea7n l\u1edbn gi\u00e0y d\u00e9p xu\u1ea5t kh\u1ea9u c\u1ee7a VN v\u00e0o M\u1ef9 hi\u1ec7n v\u1eabn l\u00e0 h\u00e0ng gia c\u00f4ng cho c\u00e1c nh\u00e3n hi\u1ec7u n\u1ed5i ti\u1ebfng n\u01b0\u1edbc ngo\u00e0i. Theo c\u00e1c chuy\u00ean gia trong ng\u00e0nh, c\u00e1c doanh nghi\u1ec7p nh\u1ecf v\u00e0 v\u1eeba c\u1ee7a VN c\u1ea7n h\u00ecnh th\u00e0nh c\u00e1c chu\u1ed7i li\u00ean k\u1ebft \u0111\u1ec3 c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 nh\u1eadn \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c c\u00e1c \u0111\u01a1n h\u00e0ng l\u1edbn c\u1ee7a M\u1ef9, \u0111\u1ed3ng th\u1eddi c\u1ea7n h\u01b0\u1edbng \u0111\u1ebfn s\u1ea3n xu\u1ea5t c\u00e1c m\u1eb7t h\u00e0ng cao c\u1ea5p v\u00e0 t\u1eadn d\u1ee5ng l\u1ee3i th\u1ebf v\u1ec1 tay ngh\u1ec1, gi\u00e1 nh\u00e2n c\u00f4ng r\u1ebb \u0111\u1ec3 c\u00f3 gi\u00e1 b\u00e1n c\u1ea1nh tranh.

\u1ede c\u00e1c ng\u00e0nh h\u00e0ng ch\u1ee7 l\u1ef1c kh\u00e1c nh\u01b0 d\u1ec7t may, th\u1ee7y s\u1ea3n\u2026 hi\u1ec7n \u0111ang g\u1eb7p nhi\u1ec1u kh\u00f3 kh\u0103n trong vi\u1ec7c xu\u1ea5t kh\u1ea9u v\u00e0o th\u1ecb tr\u01b0\u1eddng M\u1ef9. \u1ede m\u1eb7t h\u00e0ng d\u1ec7t may, VN v\u1eabn \u0111ang c\u00f2n ch\u1ecbu h\u1ea1n ng\u1ea1ch n\u00ean c\u1ea1nh tranh v\u1ea5t v\u1ea3 h\u01a1n v\u1edbi c\u00e1c n\u01b0\u1edbc th\u00e0nh vi\u00ean T\u1ed5 ch\u1ee9c

Th\u01b0\u01a1ng m\u1ea1i Th\u1ebf gi\u1edbi (WTO) \u0111\u00e3 tho\u00e1t kh\u1ecfi s\u1ef1 \u00e1p \u0111\u1eb7t n\u00e0y. \u0110\u1eb7c bi\u1ec7t l\u00e0 Trung Qu\u1ed1c, t\u1eeb sau ng\u00e0y 1- 1-2005 - th\u1eddi \u0111i\u1ec3m b\u00e3i b\u1ecf ch\u1ebf \u0111\u1ed9 h\u1ea1n ng\u1ea1ch - v\u1edbi th\u1ecb ph\u1ea7n gia t\u0103ng nhanh ch\u00f3ng, \u0111\u00e3 h\u1ea7u nh\u01b0 kh\u1ed1ng ch\u1ebf th\u1ecb tr\u01b0\u1eddng.

Ch\u00fa \u00fd lu\u1eadt l\u1ec7
Gi\u00e0y xu\u1ea5t kh\u1ea9u.
\u0110\u1ed3 g\u1ed7 xu\u1ea5t kh\u1ea9u
Kh\u00f4ng ch\u1ec9 \u0111\u1ed1i ph\u00f3 v\u1edbi v\u1ea5n \u0111\u1ec1 c\u1ea1nh tranh th\u1ecb tr\u01b0\u1eddng, theo c\u00e1c chuy\u00ean gia kinh t\u1ebf, c\u00e1c doanh
nghi\u1ec7p VN c\u1ea7n h\u1ebft s\u1ee9c quan t\u00e2m v\u1ec1 lu\u1eadt l\u1ec7, c\u00e1c quy t\u1eafc th\u01b0\u01a1ng m\u1ea1i khi l\u00e0m \u0103n v\u1edbi M\u1ef9.

Lu\u1eadt ph\u00e1p chi ph\u1ed1i m\u00f4i tr\u01b0\u1eddng kinh doanh \u1edf M\u1ef9, v\u00e0 c\u00e1c doanh nghi\u1ec7p th\u01b0\u1eddng c\u00f3 th\u00f3i quen ki\u1ec7n t\u1ee5ng, \u0111\u01b0a nhau ra t\u00f2a \u0111\u1ec3 gi\u1ea3i quy\u1ebft c\u00e1c tranh ch\u1ea5p th\u01b0\u01a1ng m\u1ea1i. T\u1ea1i m\u1ed9t h\u1ed9i th\u1ea3o g\u1ea7n \u0111\u00e2y v\u1ec1 quan h\u1ec7 th\u01b0\u01a1ng m\u1ea1i doanh nghi\u1ec7p Vi\u1ec7t-M\u1ef9, lu\u1eadt s\u01b0 Ross Meador, Ch\u1ee7 t\u1ecbch C\u00f4ng ty Rogers & Meador, cho r\u1eb1ng c\u00e1c doanh nghi\u1ec7p c\u1ea7n l\u01b0u \u00fd \u0111\u1ebfn vi\u1ec7c so\u1ea1n th\u1ea3o c\u00e1c h\u1ee3p \u0111\u1ed3ng v\u00e0 n\u00ean nh\u1edd \u0111\u1ebfn c\u00e1c lu\u1eadt s\u01b0 t\u01b0 v\u1ea5n \u0111\u1ec3 h\u1ea1n ch\u1ebf nh\u1eefng tranh ch\u1ea5p c\u0169ng nh\u01b0 tr\u00e1nh b\u1ecb thi\u1ec7t h\u1ea1i t\u1eeb nh\u1eefng quan h\u1ec7 th\u01b0\u01a1ng m\u1ea1i \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c \u0111i\u1ec1u ch\u1ec9nh b\u1edfi h\u1ee3p \u0111\u1ed3ng.

Theo b\u00e0 Lee Baker, c\u1ed1 v\u1ea5n ph\u00e1p lu\u1eadt H\u1ed9i \u0111\u1ed3ng Th\u01b0\u01a1ng m\u1ea1i Vi\u1ec7t-M\u1ef9, khi k\u00fd h\u1ee3p \u0111\u1ed3ng v\u1edbi \u0111\u1ed1i t\u00e1c M\u1ef9, c\u00e1c doanh nghi\u1ec7p Vi\u1ec7t Nam n\u00ean k\u00fd h\u1ee3p \u0111\u1ed3ng ng\u1eafn h\u1ea1n, \u0111\u1ea3m b\u1ea3o h\u1ee3p \u0111\u1ed3ng c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 t\u00e1i t\u1ee5c v\u00e0 \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c s\u1eeda \u0111\u1ed5i \u0111i\u1ec1u kho\u1ea3n; x\u00e1c \u0111\u1ecbnh ch\u1ecdn lu\u1eadt n\u00e0o, tr\u1ecdng t\u00e0i n\u00e0o \u0111\u1ec3 x\u1eed l\u00fd trong tr\u01b0\u1eddng h\u1ee3p c\u00f3 tranh ch\u1ea5p; n\u00ean ch\u1ecdn c\u00e1c quy \u0111\u1ecbnh ph\u00e1n quy\u1ebft c\u1ee7a t\u00f2a \u00e1n M\u1ef9 v\u00ec c\u00e1c quy \u0111\u1ecbnh ph\u00e1n quy\u1ebft c\u1ee7a t\u00f2a \u00e1n Vi\u1ec7t Nam c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 g\u1eb7p kh\u00f3 kh\u0103n khi bu\u1ed9c c\u00e1c doanh nghi\u1ec7p M\u1ef9 thi h\u00e0nh.

C\u0169ng theo c\u00e1c chuy\u00ean gia v\u1ec1 ph\u00e1p lu\u1eadt, m\u1ed9t v\u01b0\u1edbng m\u1eafc kh\u00e1c m\u00e0 doanh nghi\u1ec7p hay g\u1eb7p l\u00e0 th\u1ee7 t\u1ee5c h\u1ea3i quan khi xu\u1ea5t h\u00e0ng v\u00e0o th\u1ecb tr\u01b0\u1eddng M\u1ef9. Ph\u1ea7n l\u1edbn nh\u1eefng tr\u1ee5c tr\u1eb7c v\u1ec1 th\u1ee7 t\u1ee5c n\u00e0y r\u01a1i v\u00e0o tr\u01b0\u1eddng h\u1ee3p doanh nghi\u1ec7p ch\u01b0a bi\u1ebft c\u00e1ch \u0111i\u1ec1n v\u00e0o t\u1edd khai, khai kh\u00f4ng \u0111\u00fang s\u1ed1 l\u01b0\u1ee3ng, chi ti\u1ebft v\u1ec1 h\u00e0ng h\u00f3a trong b\u1ea3ng k\u00ea\u2026 Theo c\u00e1c chuy\u00ean gia, doanh nghi\u1ec7p c\u1ea7n t\u00ecm nh\u00e0 m\u00f4i gi\u1edbi h\u1ea3i quan chuy\u00ean nghi\u1ec7p th\u00f4ng qua s\u1ef1 gi\u1edbi thi\u1ec7u c\u1ee7a c\u00e1c doanh nghi\u1ec7p c\u00f3 kinh nghi\u1ec7m.

\u0110\u1ed1i v\u1edbi tranh ch\u1ea5p th\u01b0\u01a1ng m\u1ea1i, c\u00e1c chuy\u00ean gia ph\u00e1p lu\u1eadt c\u0169ng cho r\u1eb1ng \u0111\u00f3 l\u00e0 \u0111i\u1ec1u b\u00ecnh th\u01b0\u1eddng
trong th\u01b0\u01a1ng m\u1ea1i qu\u1ed1c t\u1ebf.

Tr\u01b0\u1edbc c\u00e1c t\u00ecnh hu\u1ed1ng d\u1eabn \u0111\u1ebfn ki\u1ec7n t\u1ee5ng b\u00e1n ph\u00e1 gi\u00e1, c\u00e1c chuy\u00ean gia ph\u00e1p lu\u1eadt khuy\u00ean r\u1eb1ng c\u00e1c doanh nghi\u1ec7p c\u1ea7n b\u00ecnh t\u0129nh v\u00e0 n\u00ean t\u00edch c\u1ef1c h\u1ee3p t\u00e1c khi b\u1ecb \u0111i\u1ec1u tra. M\u1ecdi vi\u1ec7c \u0111\u1ec1u ph\u1ea3i c\u0103n c\u1ee9 v\u00e0o c\u00e1c quy \u0111\u1ecbnh ph\u00e1p l\u00fd. H\u01a1n n\u1eefa, ch\u00ednh ph\u1ee7 \u1edf n\u01b0\u1edbc ti\u1ebfn h\u00e0nh \u0111i\u1ec1u tra c\u0169ng c\u00f2n c\u00e2n nh\u1eafc l\u1ee3i \u00edch c\u1ee7a ng\u01b0\u1eddi ti\u00eau d\u00f9ng n\u01b0\u1edbc h\u1ecd b\u1edfi nh\u1eefng ng\u01b0\u1eddi n\u00e0y gi\u00e1n ti\u1ebfp b\u1ecb thi\u1ec7t h\u1ea1i m\u1ed9t khi c\u00e1c m\u1eb7t h\u00e0ng nh\u1eadp kh\u1ea9u b\u1ecb \u0111\u00e1nh th\u00eam thu\u1ebf ch\u1ed1ng b\u00e1n ph\u00e1 gi\u00e1.

Kim ng\u1ea1ch th\u01b0\u01a1ng m\u1ea1i hai chi\u1ec1u
(\u0110vt: tri\u1ec7u USD)
Vi\u1ec7t Nam xu\u1ea5t sang M\u1ef9 Vi\u1ec7t Nam nh\u1eadp t\u1eeb M\u1ef9 T\u1ed5ng kim ng\u1ea1ch
Nh\u00e0 xu\u1ea5t kh\u1ea9u n\u00f3i v\u1ec1 th\u1ecb tr\u01b0\u1eddng M\u1ef9
\u00d4ng Tr\u1ea7n Qu\u1ed1c M\u1ea1nh, Ph\u00f3 Ch\u1ee7 t\u1ecbch H\u1ed9i M\u1ef9 ngh\u1ec7 v\u00e0 Ch\u1ebf bi\u1ebfn g\u1ed7 TP.HCM (HAWA), T\u1ed5ng gi\u00e1m
\u0111\u1ed1c C\u00f4ng ty Saigon - Daklak (Sadaco)
N\u00ean t\u00ednh \u0111\u1ebfn vi\u1ec7c h\u1ee3p t\u00e1c v\u1edbi doanh nghi\u1ec7p M\u1ef9

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