Unlike Hindu traditionalism, it sought to co-opt modernity in its programmeof Hindu Reconstruction, Hindu Revival, and Hindu Resurgence. The conceptof Hindu Nationalism or 'Hindutva' was given expression by the HinduMahasabha (HMS, 1915) and the family of organisations around theRashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS, 1925), including the Bharatiya JanSangh (BJS, 1951-1977) and the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP, 1980).Numerically, culturally and ideologically Hindutva became the mostimportant and pronounced tendency within this broad movement of HinduRenascent Forces.What is surprising is that the ideological viewpoint, the most penetratingformulations of Hindu Revivalist And Renascent Thought have beenprovided by remarkably inspired individuals outside these Hinduorganisations from the days of Bankimchandra Chatterjee (1838-1894),Swami Vivekananda(1863-1902) and Sri Aurobindo Gosh (1872-1950) tothe modern days of Ram Swarup (1920-1998), Sitaram Goel (1921) andtheir younger friends and comrades today.Unlike these great men, Deendayal Upadhyay (1916-1968) very muchbelonged to the RSS and became one of the foremost Ideologues of HinduRevival or Hindutva in the second half of the 20th century in India.Deendayal Upadhyay was born on 25 September, 1916, in the village of Dhankia in Rajasthan. He lost his father Bhagwati Prasad when he was lessthan three years old and his mother before he was eight. He was thenbrought up by his maternal uncle.Deendayal was outstanding in his studies and stood first in all hisexaminations.Braving the odds, he passed the intermediate boardexamination with distinction from Birla College in Pilani. He took his BADegree fromSanatan Dharma College in Kanpur. Later he took his MADegree from Agra University. He joined the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh(RSS). He dedicated himself to full-time work in the RSS from 1942.Deendayal Upadhyaya was a man of soaring idealism and had a tremendouscapacity for organisation. He started aMonthly Rashtra Dharma, aWeekly
Panchajanyaand aDaily Swadesh.
In 1951, when Dr Syama Prasad Mookerjee founded the BharatiyaJANASANGH,Deendayal became the first General Secretary of its UP branch. Nexthe was chosen as All-India General Secretary. The acumen andmeticulousness shown by Deendayal deeply impressed Dr Mookerjee andelicited his famous remark:
'If I had two Deendayals, I could transform the political face of India.'
After Dr. Shyamaprasad Mookerjee's death in 1953, the entire burden of nurturing the orphanedJANA SANGHand building it up as a nation-widemovement fell on the young shoulders of Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay.Deendayalji assumed the reins of leadership of the JANA SANGH PARTYand,
after fifteen years of untiring efforts, brought the party to a level where anew set of political pundits began to see it as a distinct alternative to theCongress
Although the Jana Sangh had a succession of Presidents between 1953 and1967, as its constitution stipulated that the President’s tenure could be of