I have been thinking of publishing this paper since long but due to lack of time I was not able to complete it. I use to add and keep this paper updated when I get tired of my daily research work.
Google is world\u2019s most popular and powerful search engine which has the ability to accept pre-defined commands as inputs and produce unbelievable results. This enables malicious users like hackers, crackers, and script kiddies etc to use Google search engine
In this paper I shall cover the below given points that an administrators or security professionals must take into account to prevent such information disclosures:
The \u201cintitle:\u201d syntax helps Google restrict the search results to pages containing that word in the title. For example,\u201c int it le: login password\u201d (without quotes) will return links to those pages that has the word "login" in their title, and the word "password" anywhere in the page.
Similarly, if one has to query for more than one word in the page title then in that case \u201callintitle:\u201d can be used instead of \u201cintitle\u201d to get the list of pages containing all those words in its title. For example using \u201cintitle:log in intitle:pas s wor d\u201d is same as querying \u201callintitle: login password\u201d.
The \u201cinurl:\u201d syntax restricts the search results to those URLs containing the search keyword. For example: \u201cinurl:pas s wd \u201d (without quotes) will return only links to those pages that have "passwd" in the URL.
The \u201csite:\u201d syntax restricts Google to query for certain keywords in a particular site or domain. For example: \u201cexploitssit e:hackingspirits.com\u201d (without quotes) will look for the keyword \u201cexploits\u201d in those pages present in all the links of the domain \u201chackingspirits.com\u201d. There should not be any space between
This \u201cfiletype:\u201d syntax restricts Google search for files on internet with particular extensions (i.e. doc, pdf or ppt etc). For example: \u201cfiletype:doc site:gov confidential\u201d (without quotes) will look for files with \u201c.doc\u201d extension in all government domains with \u201c.gov\u201d extension and containing the word \u201cconfidential\u201d either in the pages or in the \u201c.doc\u201d file. i.e. the result will contain the links to all confidential word document files on the government sites.
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