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International Rice Research Newsletter Vol.9 No.5

International Rice Research Newsletter Vol.9 No.5

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Published by ccquintos
October 1984
October 1984

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: ccquintos on Sep 26, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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Contents
GENETIC EVALUATION AND UTILIZATION
Overall progress
3
Tamil Nadu Agricultural University (TNAU) releases a brown plant
-
3
Co 43, a salt
-
tolerant variety for Tamil Naduhopper(BPH)-resistantvariety
 Disease resistance
4
Varietal resistance to stem rot (SR) and bacterial blight (BB)
4
Evaluation of hill rice germplasm for leaf blast (B
l
) resistance
5
 Negative selection in breeding for quantitative resistance to rice blast (Bl)
5
Inheritance of moderate resistance to blast (Bl) in rice
6
Sheath rot (ShR) in Chhatisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Indiaunder upland nursery conditions
 Insect resistance
7
Varietal reaction to rice panicle bug
7
Genetics of whitebacked planthopper (WBPH) resistance in IET5741
8
Resistance of Indonesian mutant lines to the brown planthopper (BPH)
8
Varietal resistance of rice to whitebacked planthopper (WBPH)
 Nilaparvata lugens Drought tolerance
9
Root growth and water extraction pattern of six rices in rainfed conditions
 Deep water 
9
Germination of seed from deep water varieties grown in deep water andfield conditions
PEST CONTROL AND MANAGEMENT
 Diseases
10
Siratro, a new alternate host of 
Thanatephorus cucumeris
11
Greenhouse evaluation of synthetic pyrethroids for tungro (RTV) control
11
The relative evaluation system — a quantitative technique for disease
12
Rice blast (Bl) pathogen
 Pyricularia oryzae
Cav. in Tamil Nadu, India
12
Methods and timing of fungicide application to control rice blast (Bl) under 
13
Relationship between susceptibility to leaf blast (B1)and panicle B1 severity
13
Influence of planting time on blast (Bl) incidence
14
Effective control of sheath rot (ShR) diseaseassessment of rice breeding materials in the fieldfavorable upland conditions in Colombia
 Insects
14
 Elaphropeza,
a new pupal parasite of the rice gall midge (GM) in India
14
Population dynamics of the brown planthopper (BPH) in the Mekong
15
Feeding activity of the green leafhopper (GLH) and tungro (RTV)
16
Trapping airborne insects aboard interisland ships in the Philippine
16
Influence of light traps on incidence of yellow stem borer (YSB)Deltainfectionarchipelago, with emphasis on the brown planthopper (BPH)
Scirpophaga incertulas
Wlk. in the trap zone and field
17
Population density of 
Sogatella furcifera
(Horvath) (WBPH) and
 Nilapar 
-
17
Electronically recorded disturbances in the feeding behavior of green
18
Chemical control of rice hispa
vata lugens
(Stal.) (BPH)leafhopper (GLH) on neem oil
-
treated rice plants
Other pests
19
Control of root
-
knot nematode in upland rice
19
Effect of zinc on stem nematode
-
infected rice
20
Incidence of rice root nematode in Madurai
20
TKM9 is resistant to rice
-
root nematode
20
Insecticide root dip controls rice root nematode
IRRIGATION AND WATER MANAGEMENT
21
IR20 performance under different irrigation regimes
SOIL AND CROP MANAGEMENT
21
Application methods to improve phosphorus uptake in rice
22
Cultural and chemical methods to prevent lodging and stabilize yield of a
22
Response of rice varieties to applied nitrogen in saline soils
23
Straw, lime, and manganese dioxide amendments for iron
-
toxic rice soils
23
Effect of soil moisture and seeding depth on seedling emergence of two
24
Response of rice to zinc and sulfur 
24
Effect of N, P, and K on available P and K in sodic soil
25
Applying basic slag to increase yield of a rice
-
wheat rotation
26
 Nursery age, field duration, and grain yield of rice
26
Evaluation of conventional, slow
-
release, and nitrification
-
inhibitor 
-
treated
27
Response of rice to phosphorus fertilizer in different crop rotations
27
Farmyard manure (FYM) in a rice
-
wheat rotation
28
Response of rice and wheat to zinc fertilization in alkali soils
28
Responses of rice to some trace elements
28
Relative efficiency of simple and complex fertilizers for rice
29
 Nitrogen fertilization for short-duration rice
s
 
29
Preventing zinc deficiency in wetland ricetall indica ricericesfertilizers for rice in an alkali soil
RICE
-
BASED CROPPING SYSTEMS
30
Rice
-
wheat rotation for higher production
ANNOUNCEMENTS
30
Conklin awarded Fyssen Foundation prize
30
Ponnamperuma honored
30
Swaminathan is awarded the R.B. Bennett Commonwealth Prize
31
 New IRRI publications
 
Guidelines and Stylefor
IRRN
Contributors
editorial process, the editors of the
 International 
To improve communication and to speed thecontributors use the following guidelines and style:
 Rice Research Newsletter (IRRN)
request that
Style
national units of measure (such as cavans, rai, etc.).
Use the metric system in all papers. Avoidwith small-scale studies, in grams per pot (
g/p
ot) or 
Express all yields in tons per hectare (t
/h
a) or.grams per row (g/row).or symbols used in a figure or table.chemicals near the unit of measure. For example:60 kg N ha: not 60 kg
/h
a N.the
 IRRN.
Data in other currencies should beconverted to US$.
Abbreviate names of standard units of measurewhen they follow a number. For example: 20 kg
/h
a.
When using abbreviations other than for units of measure, spell out the full name the first time of the abbreviation throughout the remaining text. For reference, with abbreviations in parenthesis, then useexample: The efficiency of nitrogen (N) use wastested. Three levels of N were ....
or 
Biotypes of thestudied the biotypes of BPH in .... brown planthopper (BPH) differ within Asia. We
Express time, money, and measurement innumbers, even when the amount is less than 10. For example: 8 years; 3 kg
/h
a at 2
-
week intervals; 7%
;
 4 hours.
Write out numbers below 10 except in a seriescontaining some numbers 10 or higher and someseven tractors
;
four varieties.
 But 
There were 4 plotsnumbers lower than 10. For example: six parts;in India, 8 plots in Thailand, and 12 plots inIndonesia.
Write out all numbers that start sentences. For example: Sixty insects were added to each cage;to fertilizer use.Seventy
-
five percent of the yield increase is attributed
Define in footnotes or legends any abbreviations
Place the name or denotation of compounds or 
The US dollar is the standard monetary unit lor 
Genetic evaluation and utilization
OVERALL PROGRESS
Guidelines
Contributions to the IRRN should generally be based on results of research on rice or on cropping patterns involving rice.most data.
Appropriate statistical analyses are required for double
-
spaced, typewritten text. Two figures (graphs
Contributions should not exceed two pages of tables. or photos) per contribution are permitted tosupplement the text. The editor will return articlesthat exceed space limitations.
Results of routine screening of rice cultivars arediscouraged. Exceptions will be made only if screening reveals previously unreported information(for example, a new source of genetic resistance torice pests).varieties are encouraged.commercial chemicals and, when feasible, equipment
Announcements of the release of new rice
Use common not trade — names for 
Do not include references in IRRNcontributions.
Pest surveys should be quantified with data (%infection, degree of severity, etc.).
Tamil Nadu Agricultural University(TNAU) releases a brown planthopper (BPH )
-
resistant variety
TNAU in Coimbatore, India, has releasedPy3, a BPH
-
resistant rice, through KrishiVigyan Kendra, Pondicherry. The variety,called
 Bharathithasan,
is the IRRI cultureIR13427-4
-
2,which inherits its resistance primarily from PTB33.Py3 is resistant to BPH and white
-
 backed planthopper, matures in 115
-
120d, and has medium, slender, white grains.Its eating quality is good. The variety isgaining popularity among farmers par 
-
ticularly in BPH-endemic areas, and issuitable for the Jun
-
 planted crop in Tamil Nadu and Pondicherry.Py3 was selected from breeding linesintroduced from IRRI and evaluated by ateam of scientists led by Dr. S. Chelliah,Professor of Entomology, TNAU.
Co
43,
a
salt
-
tolerant variety for TamilNadu
S. Subramanian, K. M. Balasubramanian,T. B. Ranganathan, V. Sivasubramanian,and J. Chandramohan, School of Genetics,Tamil Nadu Agricultural University(TNAU), Coimbatore 3, India
TNAU17005, a semidwarf, lodging
-
resistant rice with fine white grains andhigh yield potential, was released as Co 43for general cultivation in Tamil Nadu in1983. It performed well at the PaddyBreeding Station, TNAU, during navarai(Jan–May) and samba (Aug–Nov). From1975 to 1981 at TNAU, it yielded anaverage 6.3 t/ha, 21.5% higher than IR20(see table). Under saline
-
alkaline
-
water 
-
logged conditions at Kaveripattinam,Barur, Paiyur, and Coimbatore (pH: 8.1to 9.8 and EC: 0.3 to 1.3 dS/m), ityielded an average of 5.3 t/ha, or 56.6%higher than IR20. Co 43 also performedwell at Machilipattam, Andhra Pradesh,with soil pH 8.2 and EC 9.9 dS/m and inInternational Rice Testing Programnursery trials. boiled rice. Co 43 is tolerant of greenleafhopper and moderately resistant to blast, brown spot, and leaf blight. It can be grown in all seasons in Tamil Nadu.The grain quality is good for raw and
Yield performance of Co 43 in Tamil Nadu.
Year SiteTrialsAv yield(no.)(t/ha)Av % increase over IR201975–81 Paddy Breeding Station,19 6.31978–80 Research stations 16 4.81981–82 Adaptive research trials43 3.41978 Saline
-
alkaline
-
6 5.3Coimbatorein Tamil Naduwaterlogged conditions21.523.719.556.6
IRRN 9:5 (October 1984)
3

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