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International Rice Research Newsletter Vol.9 No.1

International Rice Research Newsletter Vol.9 No.1

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Published by ccquintos
February 1984
February 1984

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: ccquintos on Sep 26, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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03/27/2012

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Contents
GENETIC EVALUATION AND UTILIZATION
Overall 
 progress
3 Performance of IR36 in Bihar. India3 Preparation of 
Oryza
 pollen grams for scanning electron microscope5 Performance of CR 1009 in multilocation trials5 Mashuri vs local varieties in Cuu Long Delta, Vietnamanalysis
 Agronomic 
characteristics
6 Off 
-
season growing of photoperiod
-
sensitive rices in Los Baños at I3º 40'N6 IR50
-
an early
-
maturing, fine
-
grained rice for kar season7 Intensity of dormancy in Maruteru rices
Hybrid rice
7 A new source of cytoplasmic
-
genetic male sterility in rice
Germplasm
7 Rice germplasm conservation and evaluation activities at J. N. Agricul
-
tural University campus, Raipur. MP, India
Disease resistance
8 Screening for rice cultures with resistance to brown spot
Insect resistance
8 Electronic device
to
record feeding behavior 
o
whitebacked planthopper 9 Source
of 
resistance
to
 brown planthopper in riceon susceptible and resistant rice varieties10 Evaluation
o
shortduration rice varieties for thrips resistance10 Performance of gall midge
-
resistant rice cultivars at Goa. India11 Rices with multiple disease and insect resistance in hilly regions of Uttar 11 Varietal screening for brown planthopper resistance in ChinaPradesh
Temperature tolerance
13 Rice cold tolerance evaluation in Banaue. Philippines14 A new cold
-
tolerant cultivar for Tripura
 Adverse soils
14 Breeding for salt
-
tolerant rice strains15 PBN 1, a semidwarf upland rice cultivar tolerant of iron deficiency16 Screening rice varieties for salt tolerance in Bangladesh16 Salinity
-
mediated enhancement of harvest index of rice
-
selectioncriterion for salt tolerance
Drought tolerance
17 Breeding varieties for rainfed upland situations
PEST MANAGEMENT AND CONTROL
Diseases
18 Detection of spherical and baclliform virus particles in tungro
-
infected19 Quality of rice grains from sheath rot
-
affected plantsrice plants by leafhopper transmission19 leaf scald disease of rice in Karnataka. India20 Effect of organic and Inorganic chemicals on in vitro growth of 20 Production of inocula of 
 Rhizoctonia
on different media and media
 Xanthomonas campestris
 pv.
oryzae
effect on disease development21 Effect of rice plant age on rice tungro virus symptoms21 Effect of growth regulators on tungro infection21
 Axonopus compressus
a grass host for 
 Rhizoctonia solani
Insects
222222232425262627Planting time and stern borer incidence in Badeggi. NigeriaBiology of the white leafhopper on rice
Stenchaetothrips biforms
(Bagnall): correct name for rice thripsComparativecytology of brown planthopper populations infesting
 Leersiahexandra
Swart? and rice in the PhilippinesEfficacy of nursery protection and seedling root dip for gall midge controlCharacterization of the brown planthopper population on IR42 in NorthSumatra. IndonesiaLife history and plant host range of the rice green semilooper Influence of weather on populations of rice white leafhopper in light trapsParasitization of gall midge by
 Neanastatus grallarius
(Masi)
Nematodes
27 Nursery application of carbofuran for control of rice root nematode
Other pests
28 Rat activity in the deepwater rice area of Bangladesh
IRRIGATION AND WATER MANAGEMENT
28 Water use and costs
o
irrigating rice in Southwest Louisiana
SOIL
AND CROP MANAGEMENT
29 Urea supergranule for alternately wet and dry fields29 Integrating brackish water aquaculture with rice cultivation on coastal30 Nitrogen requirement of rice nurseries30 Folcystein as a blostimulant in rice productionsaline soils
ENVIRONMENT AND ITS INFLUENCE
31 Seasonal influence and effect of growth regulators on rice spikelet sterility
ANNOUNCEMENTS
31 IRRI
-
Tanrania sign technical and scientific cooperation agreement31 Book catalog32 Rice processing book 32 New IRRI publications
 
Guidelines and Style
for IRRN Contributors
To improve communication and to speed the edi-torial process, the editors of the
 International Rice Research Newsletter (IRRN)
request that contrib-utors use the following style and guidelines:
Style
Use the metric system in all papers. Avoidnational units of measure (such as cavans, rai,etc.).wlth small-scale studies in grams per pot (g/pot)or grams per row (g/row)
Define in footnotes or legends any abbrebia-tions or symbols used in a figure or table.
Place the name or denotation of compoundsor chemicals near the unit of measure. For exam- ple: 60 kg N ha; not 60 kg ha N.for the
 IRRN.
Data in other currencies should be
The US dollar is the standard monetary unitconverted to US$.
Abbreviate names of standard units of meas-ure when they follow a number. For example: 20kg/ha.of measure, spell out in full the first time of refer-ence, with abbreviations in parenthesis, then usethe abbreviation throughout the remaining text.For example: The efficiency of nitrogen (N) usewas tested. Three levels of N were . . .
or 
Biotypesof the brown planthopper (BPH) differ withinAsia. We studied the biotypes of BPH in . . ,
Express time, money, and measurement innumbers, even when the amount is less than 10.For example: 8 years; 3 kg/ha at 2-week intervals,7%; 4 hours.
Write out numbers below 10 except in a seriescontaining 10 or some numbers higher and somenumbers lower than 10. For example: six parts;seven tractors; four varieties.
 But 
There were 4 plots in India, 8 plots in Thailand, and 12 plots inIndonesia.
Write out all numbers that start sentences.For example: Sixty insects were added to eachcage; Seventy-five percent of the yield increase isattributed to fertilizer use.
Guidelines
Contributions to the IRRN should generally be based on results of research on rice or on crop- ping patterns involving rice.for most data.
Appropriate statistical analyses are required
Contributions should not exceed two pages of double-spaced, typewritten text. Two figures(graphs, tables, photos) per contribution are per-mitted to supplement the text. The editor willreturn articles that exceed space limitations.
Results of routine screening of rice cultivarsare discouraged. Exceptions will be made only if screening reveals previously unreported informa-tion (for example, a new source of genetic resist-ance to rice pests).ieties are encouraged.mercial chemicals and, when feasible, equipment.contributions.(% infection, degree of severity, etc.)
Express all yields in tons per hectare (t/ha) or 
When using abbreviations other than for units
Announcements of the release of new rice var-
Use common — not trade — names (or com-
Do not include references in IRRN
Pest surveys should have quantified data
Genetic evaluation and utilization
OVERALL PROGRESS
Performance of IR36 in Bihar, India
good grain quality. It has resisted insectand disease problems in Bhar, including bacterial blight, tungro, and brown plant-hopper. Its short duration makes it usefulfor multicropping in irrigated systems.Those traits encourage IR36 adoption for general cultivation in Bihar.
 R. C. Chaudhary, S. Saran, and V. N.Sahai, Rajendra Agricultural University, Bihar Agricultural Research Institute,Mithapur, Patna 800001, India
IR36, an early-maturing, high yieldingvariety, was introduced in Bihar in anIRTP nursery (IRYN-E) in 1977 kharif.From 1977 to 1982 it yielded an average3.3 t/ha in wet season, while check varie-ty Ratna yielded 2.7 t/ha (Table 1). Inthe adaptive research farm test during1981 wet season, IR36 yielded higher than check CR44-35 at four locations(Table 2). In 1979 and 1982 dry seasons,it performed satisfactorily (Table 3).IR36 matures in 115-120 days and has
Table 1. Average yield of IR36 at six sites inBihar, 1977-82 wet season.
Yield (t/ha)LocationIR36 Ratna(check)%increaseover thecheck Patna 3.3 2.529.2Pusa 2.9 3.0 –2.8Kanke2.6 2.3 10.6Sabour 2.4 2.8 –14.5Telaundha 2.9 2.4 23.5Dhangain 5.3 5.6 6.0
Table 2. Performance of IR36 in adaptive re-search farms, 1981 wet season.
Yield
a
(t/ha)IR36 CR44-35(check)LocationAraria 3.8 3.6Barbat 2.7 2.0 Nagri4.2 3.7Simdega3.7 3.4
a
Percentage increase over the check is 15.1.
Table 3. Performance of IR36 in Bihar in 1979and 1982 dry season.
Test entryIR36CR44-35 (check)CD at 5%IR36Cauvery (check)CD at 5%.Yield (t/ha) atPatna Pusa
1979
4.9 3.93.7 3.0ns
1982
1.15.6 2.45.4 3.57.6 8.8
Preparation of 
Oryza pollen
grains for scanning electron microscope analysis
 Xue-Bin Xu (Hsae-Pin Hsu), IRRI; Li-Qing He and Hui-zhen Han,South China Agricultural College,Guangzhou, China; and B. S. Vergara, IRRI 
The morphological features of the pollengrains of different species in the genus
Oryza
are almost uniform. The grains areusually spheroid or ovoid with a singleaperture that has a conspicuous oper-culum at or near its center. Descriptionsof rice pollen grain surfaces vary and can be studied best using a scanning electronmicroscope (SEM).There are many methods of preparing pollen grains for SEM examination. Somescientists indicate that a fresh pollen graincan be observed directly; others writethat acetolysis is necessary. We studiedsample preparation for SEM as follows,using pollen grains from six
Oryza
species.
 Pollen collection and preservation
A1. Anthers and pollen grains were air-dried.A2. Anthers and pollen grains werefixed in Carnoy’s fluid for 2-3hours, and transferred to 70%ethanol.A3. Samples were fixed in 4% glutaral-dehyde for 16 hours (0-4ºC),washed with phosphate buffer 1or 2 times, stored in the samesolution, and placed in vials andkept in the refrigerator.
IRRN 9:1 (February 1984)
3

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