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8_ Tribology_2011_issue 1_rezmires_the Screw Fastening Order in Slewing Rings

8_ Tribology_2011_issue 1_rezmires_the Screw Fastening Order in Slewing Rings

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Published by daniel rezmires
The slewing rings are composed of two rings, one inner and one outer, in which
raceways are obtained that, contains the rolling elements on which the working loads
are transmitted from the moving ring to the fixed one. The rings can be produced ungeared
as well as with internal or external gear. Then the slewing ring is fitted with
grease nipple and seals for the lubricant. The forces on the rings and the safety of the
slewing rings are strictly related to the quality of the bolts. Correct fastening orders
applied to the screw assure a uniform distribution of the contact pressure between the
fastened bodies. This paper presents some numerical results concerning the “diagonal”
and “star shape” patterns.
The slewing rings are composed of two rings, one inner and one outer, in which
raceways are obtained that, contains the rolling elements on which the working loads
are transmitted from the moving ring to the fixed one. The rings can be produced ungeared
as well as with internal or external gear. Then the slewing ring is fitted with
grease nipple and seals for the lubricant. The forces on the rings and the safety of the
slewing rings are strictly related to the quality of the bolts. Correct fastening orders
applied to the screw assure a uniform distribution of the contact pressure between the
fastened bodies. This paper presents some numerical results concerning the “diagonal”
and “star shape” patterns.

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Published by: daniel rezmires on Sep 26, 2011
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37
THE ANNALS OF “DUNĂREA DE JOS“ UNIVERSITY OF GALAŢI
FASCICLE VIII, TRIBOLOGY, 2011 (XVII), Issue 1ISSN 1221-4590
THE SCREW FASTENING ORDER IN SLEWING RINGS
DanielREZMIRES
1
,Alfredo MONFARDINI
2
, Cezar RACOCEA
3
1
S.C. SIRCA S.A.,Piatra Neamt, ROMANIA,
2
RIMA Spa., ITALY;
3
Technical University “Gh. Asachi”
ABSTRACT
The slewing rings are composed of two rings,oneinner and one outer, in whichraceways are obtained that, contains the rolling elements on which the working loadsare transmitted from the moving ring to the fixed one. The rings can beproduced un-geared as well as with internal or external gear. Then theslewing ring is fitted withgrease nipple and seals forthelubricant.The forces on the rings andthesafety of theslewing rings are strictly related to the quality of the bolts. Correct fastening ordersapplied to the screw assure a uniform distribution of the contact pressure between the
 fastened bodies. This paper presents some numerical results concerning the “diagonal”
and 
“star shape” patterns
.
Keywords
:Slewing rings, diagonal and star shape pattern, the fastening order list
1.INTRODUCTION
The slewing rings [1,2] (Fig.1) are fixed in theThe slewing rings [1,2] (Fig.1) are fixed in themounting structure using a computed number of screws,which pass by the ring holes. Theexternalloads directions in aslewing ring are presented inFigure 2.The screw number (holes) in the bearing ringsareafunction of the limit load chart and depends onthe strength of the bolts and the working conditions.Some geometric parametersof the holes and thestructure support are presented in Figure 3. For somecommonbolts,the forces and the fastening moments(
Fp
,
 Ms
) are presented in Figure 4, and are reportedwithin the chart,calculated on normal pitch. Fasteningwith hydraulic toolsis suggested at 85% of the chartvalue.Fig.1. Slewing rings componentsFig.2. External load directions
 
38
THE ANNALS OF “DUNĂREA DE JOS“ UNIVERSITY OF GALAŢI
FASCICLE VIII, TRIBOLOGY, 2011 (XVII),Issue 1ISSN 1221-4590
.Fig.3.The design solutionFig.4.The fastening moments (
Fp
,
 Ms
)Fig.5.The logical schema for the slewingring chosenA preliminary choice of 4 point contactslewing ring is suggested in Figure 5 [1,2].A limitload chart for a slewing ring shows the influence of thebolt class, as it is presented in Figure 6.There are some recommendations regardingthe fastening structure. For a uniform loaddistribution,a rigid surface is required, that ensuresa minimum contact pressure of 500 MPa.Thedrawing indicates rough values of thickness of thesupport structure;
 H 
indicates the slewing ringheight (Fig.7). Also,the flatness of the mountingsurface is imposed (Fig.8).The maximum flatnessof the mounting surface is required (
Tp
) to graduateanoptional performance of the slewing ring. Here,a tolerance chart ofplanarity is available. Radialtolerance must not exceed 1/2 of 
Tp
value. When aplanarity correction is needed synthetic resins arerequired.
 
39
THE ANNALS OF “DUNĂREA DE JOS“ UNIVERSITY OF GALAŢI
FASCICLE VIII, TRIBOLOGY, 2011 (XVII), Issue 1ISSN 1221-4590
Fig.6.The limit load chart and the screw limit load limitationFig.7. The structure elements.Fig.8.The planarity recommendations
2.FASTENING BOLTS SEQUENCE
All the geometric elements indicated in thechart as well as the number and class of rawmaterials indicated by the technical specification of the slewing rings must be respected. Use of threaded screws along its entire length is forbidden.In the event that the superficial contact of theunder head/screw and bolt exceed on the support aQT washer is required. The fixing process is madein 3 steeps with 30%, 80% and 100% of thetightening torque. As function of the hole numberyou have tochoose between the
“diagonal and starshape” patterns as is presented in figure 9 [1,
2].A computer code was developed by SIRCASA and Rima Spa to establish the shape pattern tothe screw mounting order. According to this coderesults, the fastening list order is presented in Table1 for some usual numbers. Becausethe computercode uses the modfunction the list starts from 0. Inthis condition the first screw (hole) has attached the0 index, and so on just to N screw which hasattached the N-1 index.For a good understandingof the Fastening List form Table 1, some graphicalexamples are presented in Figures 10 and 11.(Where:
idx
represents the index number).

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