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LAB SHEET for Centrifugal Pump (I)

# LAB SHEET for Centrifugal Pump (I)

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LAB I
LAB I

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04/18/2012

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WAWM 2010

UNIVERSITI PERTAHANAN MALAYSIAKEM SUNGAI BESILAB 3
–
CENTRIFUGAL PUMP CHARACTERISTICS
Objectives
1)

To obtain the characteristics of a single pump2)

To obtain the characteristics of 2 similar pumpsoperating in parallel
Apparatus
A two-stage of centrifugal pump apparatus, stopwatch, pressure gageand volume flow rate measurement apparatus.
Background
Pumps are devices designed to convert mechanical energy to hydraulic energy. There are many kind of pumps use inthe various technological fields. The main classes of pumps are centrifugal, rotary and reciprocating pumps.However, in the field of hydraulics, when deal with water, the most common pumps are centrifugal. A centrifugalpump consists of essentially of a impeller that carries a number of backward curved vanes and rotates in casing. Therotary motion of the impeller creates a centrifugal force that enables to push the fluid discharge from the pump andat the same time creates vacuum at eye to suck fluid into the pump. The process eventually converted themechanical energy into pressure energy. The total head generated by a pump is called the manometric head.
Expected Results
Compute and plot;1.

Characteristic graphs for pump 1, pump 2 and pump 1 and 2 in parallel. Combined all data taken at all powerpositions.2.

Plot graph
H
vs
Q
for pump 1 and 2 in parallel which obtain through experiment. On the same graph, plot graph
H
vs
Q
for pump 1 and 2 in parallel but the values calculated from experimental data given by each pump.Again, combined all data taken at all positions.
Discussion

Do you get the characteristic graphs similar to the standard graphs? If not, explain why.

Do you get the experimental and the theoretical data for the graph
H
vs
Q
for pump 1 and 2 running inparallel coincide? If not, explain why.
Conclusion