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Chapter 3 Exponential and Logarithmic Functions

# Chapter 3 Exponential and Logarithmic Functions

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Chapter 3 Exponential and Logarithmic Functions
Chapter 3 Exponential and Logarithmic Functions

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03/18/2014

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3
Contents
3.1 Rational Indices
3.2 Logarithmic Functions
3.4 Applications of Logarithms
3.3 Graphs of Exponential and Logarithmic
Functions
Exponential and
Logarithmic Functions
3
P. 2
Exponential and Logarithmic Functions
Content
, then
If
y
xn
=
.
ny
x=
\u2022
Forn = 2, we callx the square root ofy.
Forn = 3, we callx the cube root ofy.
For a positive integern, if
, thenx is andn th root ofy, denoted by
y
xn
=
ny
.
3.1 Rational Indices
Remarks:
2yis usually written as
.
y
1.
However, ifn is even andy > 0, then
or
is the solution of the
equationxn= y.
ny
x+
=
ny
\u2212
But in this chapter, we shall only consider the positive value ofx.
3
P. 3
Exponential and Logarithmic Functions
Content
B. Rational Indices
The laws of indices are also true for rational indices.
For
, we define the rational indices as
follows:
0
\u2260
y
n
n
y
y=
1
n
m
m
n
n
m
y
y
y
=
=
)
(
wherem,n are integers andn > 0.
3.1 Rational Indices