Reduce the amount of liquid in the conventional recipe by about one-
fourth when cooking it in the microwave oven because there is less
evaporation in microwave cooking.
Use less salt when cooking. The recipes cooked in a microwave oven tend to retain more salt as compared to the gas-cooked recipes and may taste saltier.
Also use the other seasonings sparingly. Microwave oven cooking
enhances the flavour of the spices. Always, reduce by half the amount and
then add more after cooking if required
While cooking liquid recipes like soups and sauces, use deeper dishes than you use in normal cooking because these foods increase in volume temporarily when microwave cooking.
Foods containing liquid, sugar and fat cook faster. So reduce the
cooking time by 1/4 of the conventional cooking time and then gradually
increase until you obtain the desired result.
Eggs and the microwave oven are a great team; One dish after another, they add up to quick and easy meals with a minimum of clean up! Despite all it's attributes, though, the microwave oven doesn't do justice to puffy omlets- they need the dry heat of a conventional oven to puff beautifully. For successful eggs in a microwave, keep these few points in mind:
Even out of the shell eggs may explode in the microwave because rapid
heating causes a buildup of steam. Always use a wooden pick or tip of a
knife to break the yolk membrane of an unbeaten egg before
microcooking to allow the steam to escape.
Covering cooking containers with a lid, plastic wrap or wax paper
encourages more even cooking and- if you forgot to prick the yolks- helps
to confine the explosion!
Before using the utensil for the first time, carry out this simple test.
Place the utensil in the oven and place a glass filled with water inside.
Microwave on HIGH for 2 minutes and if the utensil becomes warmer than
the glass of water, it should not be used.
Most of the dinnerware available is microwave safe. However, read the manufacturer's literature. If in doubt consult the manufacturer or perform the microwave test.
Glassware that is heat-resistant is microwave safe. Do not use delicate glassware, such as wine glasses, as these might shatter as the food gets heated.
Plastic containers can be used to hold foods that are to be quickly
reheated. However, they should not be used to hold foods that will need
considerable time in the oven as hot foods melt plastic containers.
Paper plates and containers are convenient and safe to use in your
microwave oven, only if the cooking time is short and the foods to be
cooked are low in fat and moisture. Avoid coloured paper products as the
colour may run. Some recycled paper products may contain impurities,
which could cause arcing, or fires when used in the microwave oven.
Remember: Paper plates, towels, napkins etc can be used only for
reheating and not for cooking.
Plastic cooking bags, unless made especially for microwave oven
cooking, should not be used in the microwave ovens. Make a small slit in
the bag so that the steam can escape. Never use ordinary plastic bags for
cooking in your microwave oven, as they will melt.
Utensils made out of these materials are generally safe to use in the
microwave oven, but its better to test them before use. (Microwave utensil
test) Ceramic dishes can be used provided they are non-porous. To check
if the dish is non-porous, heat it in the microwave for 15-20 seconds. If the
dish does not feel warm, it's a non-porous dish.
Do not use dishes with gold or silver edges as sparks may occur.
Melamine is not recommended as it may char.
Metal dishes, foil, decorations should not be used while cooking.
Depth and capacity of the container are very important.
Shallow dishes work better than deep ones.
Straight dishes cook the food evenly.
In sloping dishes the food in the shallow parts gets over-heated.
Round and ring shaped dishes are excellent for food, which cannot be
In case your microwave oven does not have the defrosting feature,
save your cooking time, by defrosting frozen foods outside before
Never peek into the oven many times when cooking. Each time you do that, a certain amount of heat escapes from the oven and the food takes longer to cook, thus increasing your electricity bill.
towards the outside and delicate foods in the center.
Spread the food out for quick and uniform cooking.
Cover the plate with a plastic wrapper (cling film) when reheating.
Stirring occasionally helps to distribute heat more evenly.
Foods round or ring shaped, cook best in a microwave oven. When
cooking food, the microwaves penetrate only about 2 cms into the food.
These microwaves, cook the outer edges of the food. The rest of the food
is cooked by conduction when the heat on the outside travels inside. Food
that is square or cubical in shape takes the longest time to cook and also
doesn't get cooked evenly.
If you are cooking tall food (like a large piece of cake or a huge chunk of
meat), remember to turn the food several times as the upper portion
always tends to cook quickly as compared to the other parts.
Always place individual foods such as baked potatoes, cakes, tomatoes
etc. at an equal distance apart and in a circular pattern. That will ensure
that they get cooked evenly. Do not stack them on top of one another.
Light and porous food such as cakes and breads cook more quickly as compared to other foods. So, take care that the when microwaving cakes as the edges may get brittle and dry.
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