Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
3Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Premo Letter

Premo Letter

Ratings: (0)|Views: 833|Likes:
Published by jfrancorecord

More info:

Published by: jfrancorecord on Sep 27, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

09/27/2011

pdf

text

original

 
PREMOLAWFIRMPLLC
20CorporateWoodsBoutevard
Albany,New
York
12211
Telephoiie:(518)436-8000Facsimile:(518)436-0659
September27.2011Hon.GeorgeJ.PulverRegularMailandFacsimiletoChambers(943-3014)c/oSupremeCourtClerkRensselaerCountyCourtHouseTroy.NewYork12180
Re:Peoplev.McDonoughandLoPorto/September
5,
2011Letterfrom
A1r.
FeUIndex#SP1.1-1002
DearJudgePulver:Thisistorevealthetwoobviousjurisdictionaldefectsof
J\1r.
Mclnerney'sconvictionaswellasotherapparentindiciaofthiswrongfulprosecutionthatIcannowdiscussanduponwhichamotiontodismisswillbemadeassoonaspracticable,pursuanttoCPL255.20(3).Amotiontocompeldisclosureof
Brady
materialwillalsobemade.HearingsRequiredonMotionsPursuanttoCPL210.45Initially,itmustberespectfullystatedthattheCourtwasrequiredtoconductahearingonthepriormotionstodismissbecausetheywerebasedonswornallegationsoffactnotconclusivelyrefutedbyunquestionabledocumentaryproof.See,CPL210.45;
Peoplev.Gruden,
42NY2d214(1977).Similarly,thefactualallegationsthatwillbesubmitted
in
supportofthecomingmotionwillyetagainrequireahearingconcerningtheprosecutorialmisconductalleged.
It
isexpectedthatthelightcertaintobeshinedonthiscasetherebywillsubjecttheSDAtoasmuchscrutinyandcriticismfromthepublicashehasalreadyenduredfromthoseintrepidlawenforcementofficersawareofthetruenatureofthismatter.TorepeatthewordsofJusticeKennedy,themedia
"guardsagainstthemiscarriageofjustice
by
subjectingthepolice,prosecutors,andjudicialprocessestoextensivepublicscrutinyandcriticism."
Gentilev.StateBarofNevada,501U.S.1030,atl035}1036.Hopefully.suchscrutinyandcriticism
will
preventafurthermiscarriageofjusticebybringingafavorableendtothiswrongfulprosecution,soonerthanlater.McInerney'sInvalidConvictionSupportsAllegationsofMisconduct
In
viewoftheknownfactsandotherwiseinexplicableconductoftheSDAitbecameobvioustothedefensepriortoindictmentthatapoliticalscapegoatprosecutionwouldbebroughtagainst
Mr.
McDonoughinlieuofthoseDemocratofficialsandpartyworkerswhocommittedthesubjectvoterfraud.Afterindictment,thedefensesubmittedsubstantialevidentiaryfactsinsupportofmotionstodismisstoestablishthatallegedprosecutorialmisconductandtakenproperstepstoendthisinjusticethroughlawenforcementprocesses.Nonetheless,itisclearthattheSDAwillstubbornlypursuethiswrongfulprosecutionuntilnolongerpermittedbydefinitivejudicialorlawenforcement
 
action.Infact,itappearsthatheactedsolelytofurtheritsgoalsthroughthepatentlyinvalidconvictionofMcInerney,asdiscussedbelow.McInerney'sConvictionisaNullity:NoSCIFiledwithWaiverOnAugust26,2011,McInerneypurportedlywaivedindictmentandconsentedtobeprosecutedbysuperiorcourtinformation("SCI")fortheforgeryofanabsenteeballotenvelopein2009.However,theSCIwasapparentlynotfiledwiththeCourtatthetimeofthewaiverofindictment("waiver")asrequiredbyStateConstitutionandstatutes.Specifically,theNYSConstitutionstates:
"Nopersonshallbeheldtoanswerfora[felony]...unlessonindictment...,exceptthatapersonheldfortheactionofagrandjuryuponachargeforsuchalloffense...maywaiveindictment...andconsenttobeprosecutedbyaninformationfiled
by
thedistrictattorney...."
Art.1,§6.Accordingly,CPL195.40mandates:
"Whenindictmentiswaived...,the[prosecutor}shallfileasuperiorcourtinformationinsuchcourtatthetimethewaiverisexecuted",
Also,seeCPL195.20,200.15,1.20(3~a).Clearly,"...
thestatutoryprocedurecontainsprovisionsnotrequiredbytheconstitutionalauthorizationforwaiver.....Awaiverthatdoesnotconformtothestatutesisnotavalidwaiver;and.,.NewYorkconsidersthewaivertobeofjurisdictionalstature.Thus,failuretoCOliformtothesestatuteswillbetreatedasajurisdictionaldefect,eventhoughtheconstitutionalrequirementhasbeenmet.See,Peoplev.Boston,
75
NY2d
585
(1990)".
Mckinney's,CPL195,PracticeCommentaries,PeterPreiser,p.l90.(Emphasisadded)Consequently,thefactthattheSCIwasnotfiledatthetimeofthewaiveritselfrendersMcInerney'sconvictionanullitythatmustbevacateduponmotionwhenevermade.See,discussionandcasescitedbelow.
Mcinerney's
ConvictionisaNullity:WaiverandSCIDidNotChargeany2007or2008OffenseNamedinFelonyComplaintsandMcInerneywasNotHeldforActionofaGrandJuryon2009FelonyAllegedMoreimportantly,thesubjectwaiverandSCIallegeda2009forgerythatwasnevercharged
in
afelonycomplaintbutnoneofthecrimeschargedinthefelonycomplaintsfiledinlocalcourtanduponwhichMcInerneywasheldforactionofagrand
jury,
Thus,McInerney'sconvictionisanullityanditsorchestration
by
theSDAappearstobefurtherevidenceofhisallegedmisconductinwrongfullyprosecuting
Mr.
McDonoughinsteadofthoseDemocratofficialsandpartyworkersresponsibleforthevoterfraud,asdiscussed.
DiscussionofRelevantFactsandLaw
TheessentialfactsandlawrelevanttoMcInerney'sinvalidconvictionareindisputable.AlmosttwoyearsaftertheSDAwasappointedtoprosecutethesubject2009voterfraud,theNYSPfiledten(10)felonycomplaintsinTroyPoliceCourtchargingMcInerneywithvarious2007and2008crimes,uponwhichhewasheldforgrandjuryaction(CPL
§
180.30).Thosechargeswerenotreturnedtolocalcourtforreconsideration(CPL180.40)orreducedbythelocalcourt(CPL180.50).Therefore,theSDAwasrequiredtopresentevidenceofMcInerney'scommissionofthosecrimesbeforeagrandjuryunlesshewaivedindictmentandconsentedtobeprosecutedbySCIononeormoreofthem2
 
(CPL190.55).Specifically,CPL190.55mandatesthataprosecutor
"mustsubmittoagrand
jury
evidenceconcerningafelonyallegedlycommittedbyadefendantwho,onthebasisofafelonycomplaintfiledwithalocalcriminalcourt...hasbeenheldfortheactionofagrandjuryexceptwhereindictmenthasbeenwaivedbythedefendantpursuanttoArticle
195"(Emphasisadded).Also,CPLArticle195providesthat:adefendantmaywaiveindictmentandconsenttobeprosecutedonanSCI
"whenalocalcriminalcourthasheld[him]foractionofagrand
jury"
(195.1
0);
awaiverofindictmentmustnameeachoffense
"tobechargedinthe[SCI]tobefiledbythe[prosecutor]pursuanttosection
195.40"
which
"mayinclude
any
offenseforwhichthedefendantwasheldforactionofagrandjuryandanyoffenseproperlyjoinabletherewith..."
(195.20)(Emphasisadded);and,theprosecutormustfilethe
SCI
withthecourtatthetimeofthewaiver(CPL195.40)..Inaddition,CPL200.15statesthatanSCI
"is
a
'writtenaccusationfiledinsuperiorcourtpursuanttoCPLArticle
195...
thatmayincludeanyoffenseforwhichthedefendantwasheldforactionofagrandjuryandanyoffense...properlyjoinable...."
(Emphasisadded).ThosesimplewaiverofindictmentandSCIproceduresaregivencontextandfurthermeaningbythefollowingequallyclearandelementaryCPLprovisions:acriminalactioniscommencedbythefilingofanaccusatoryinstrument
in
acriminalcourt,itincludesthefilingofallfurtheraccusatoryinstrumentsdirectly
derived
from
theinitialone
anditcommenceswhenthefirstoneisfiled(CPL1.20(16),(17);100.05);theonlywayacriminalactionmaybe
commencedinsuperiorcourt
isbythefilingofan
indictment
againsta
defendantwhohasneverbeenheldbyalocalcriminalcourtfortheactionofagrand
jury
withrespecttoanychargecontained
in
suchindictment;otherwise,itcanbecommencedonlyin'alocalcriminalcourtbythefilingofaninformation,misdemeanorcomplaint,orafelonycomplaint(CPL100.05);afelonycomplaintdoesnotserveasabasisforprosecution(CPL1.20(8);ifadefendantwaivesahearingonafelonycomplaint,hemustbeorderedheldforactionofagrandjury
"withrespecttothechargescontainedinthefelonycomplaint"
andtherelatedpapersmustbetransferredtosuperiorcourtforfurtherproceedings;(CPL
180.30);
andtheonlywaythatacrimecanbeprosecutedinsuperiorcourtisbythefilingofanindictmentoranSCI(CPL210.05).Insummary,anSCIdoesnotcommenceacriminalactioninsuperiorcourt;itmerelyservesasthebasisfortheprosecutionofachargecontainedinafelonycomplaintthatcommencedthecriminalactioninlocalcourtanduponwhichthedefendantwasheldforactionofagrandjury,whenitisfiledinsuperiorcourtinstrictcompliancewiththewaiverofindictmentproceduresofCPLArticle195.
It
directlyderivesfromafelonycomplaintcommencingacriminalactionandmustallegeatleastthecrimeitcharges.Therefore,itisaxiomaticthat
"[ajnSCImayonlybeusedwhenthedefendanthasbeenheldforactionoftheGrand
JUly
and...thechargesthatmaybebroughtinanSCIarelimitedbythechargesinthefelonycomplaint,andstrictwaiverproceduresmustbefollowed.Thefailuretoadheretotheseprocedureshassignificantconsequences.'thepleaisentirelyinvalidated....Similarly,whileanSCImaycontainasinglecountchargingalesserincludedoffenseofacountofthefelonycomplaint,itmaynotcontainasinglecountchargingonlyagreateroffense.AndwhileanSCImaychargeanyoffense
3

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->