Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
36Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Tcpip

Tcpip

Ratings: (0)|Views: 555|Likes:
Published by api-3721578

More info:

Published by: api-3721578 on Oct 14, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

03/18/2014

pdf

text

original

Ethernet
Token Ring
Ethernet
Router
Router
Workstation
Workstation
Workstation
Workstation
Workstation
Workstation
Workstation
Workstation
Router
Router
Words
123456
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
Bits
Header
Control Bits
Source Port
Destination Port
Sequence Number
Acknowledgement Number
Options
Offset
Reserved
Urgent Pointer
Padding
Window
Checksum
Data begins here ...
Words
123456
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
Bits
Header
Version
Total Length
Identification
Time-to-live
Options
Flag
Destination Address
Padding
Source Address
Header Checksum
Data begins here ...
IHL
Type of Service
Fragment Offset
Protocol
4/4/2002
Alex.Peeters@citap.com
Table of Contents
I
Table of Contents:
Introduction.............................................................................................1

Telematics...............................................................................................................1 Data-communication................................................................................................1 Data-transmission....................................................................................................1 Accident-proof network............................................................................................1

Network Media........................................................................................2
Network Medium......................................................................................................2
Twisted-pair cable....................................................................................................2
Unshielded Twisted-Pair..................................................................................................................2
Shielded Twisted-Pair.......................................................................................................................2
Coaxial cable...........................................................................................................2
Thick coax........................................................................................................................................2
Thin coax..........................................................................................................................................2
Fibre-optic cable......................................................................................................3
Network Components.............................................................................4

Network Operating System......................................................................................4 Network Interface Card............................................................................................4 Client........................................................................................................................4 Server......................................................................................................................4 Client-Server model.................................................................................................5 Local Resource........................................................................................................5 Remote Resource....................................................................................................5 Node........................................................................................................................6 Concentrator............................................................................................................6 Hub..........................................................................................................................6 Repeater..................................................................................................................6 Bridge......................................................................................................................6 Router......................................................................................................................7 Gateway...................................................................................................................7 Backbone.................................................................................................................7

Networks.................................................................................................8
Network Topology....................................................................................................8

Bus Networks...................................................................................................................................8 Ring Network....................................................................................................................................9 Star Network.....................................................................................................................................9 Hub Network...................................................................................................................................10

Local Area Networks..............................................................................................10

Circuit-Switched networks..............................................................................................................11 Packet-Switched networks.............................................................................................................11 Backbone Network.........................................................................................................................12 Thinnet Network.............................................................................................................................12 10BASET Network.........................................................................................................................12

Wide Area Networks..............................................................................................12
The seven-layer Open Systems Interconnection Reference Model......13
Communication Protocols......................................................................................13
Characteristics of Layered Architectures:.......................................................................................13
Description of each of these layers........................................................................14
Layer 1, the Physical Layer............................................................................................................14
4/4/2002
Alex.Peeters@citap.com
Table of Contents
II

Layer 2, the Data Link Layer..........................................................................................................15 Layer 3, the Network Layer............................................................................................................17 Layer 4, the Transport Layer..........................................................................................................19 Layer 5, the Session Layer.............................................................................................................20 Layer 6, the Presentation Layer.....................................................................................................21 Layer 7, the Application layer.........................................................................................................21

Characteristics of Layered Protocols.....................................................................22
IEEE LAN\u2019s...........................................................................................24
Terminology...........................................................................................................24
Access method\u2019s............................................................................................................................24
Architecture of the IEEE 802 Standards................................................................24
Logical Link Control........................................................................................................................24
Medium Access Control.................................................................................................................26
802 LAN Physical Address....................................................................................26
IEEE 802.3 Networks.............................................................................................27

How Ethernet Works......................................................................................................................27 IEEE 802.3 Media...........................................................................................................................30 IEEE 802.3 Frames........................................................................................................................30 Implementing TCP/IP over IEEE 802.3..........................................................................................31

IEEE 802.5 Networks.............................................................................................31

How Token Ring Works.................................................................................................................31 Several reasons can be cited for Token Ring's lower popularity....................................................33 IEEE 802.5 Frames........................................................................................................................33

Protocols and Protocol Stacks..............................................................35

Operating Dual Protocol Stacks.............................................................................36 Network Driver Interface Standard.........................................................................36 Open Datalink Interface.........................................................................................37

Delivering Data Through Internetworks.................................................39

The way data are delivered through internetworks................................................39 Multiplexing............................................................................................................39 Switching Data.......................................................................................................40

Circuit Switching.............................................................................................................................40
Packet Switching............................................................................................................................40
Bridges, Routers, and Switches.............................................................................41

Bridges...........................................................................................................................................41 Routers...........................................................................................................................................42 Switches.........................................................................................................................................43

Digital Data Services............................................................................44
Leased line............................................................................................................44
Dedicated Leased Lines.................................................................................................................44
Switched Digital Lines....................................................................................................................44
The Internet Model................................................................................44
What TCP/IP provides...........................................................................................44
Description of each of these layers........................................................................44

Network Access Layer....................................................................................................................44 Internetwork Layer..........................................................................................................................44 Host-to-Host Transport Layer.........................................................................................................44 Process/Application Layer..............................................................................................................44

Addressing, Routing, and Multiplexing..................................................44

IP Host Address.....................................................................................................44 IP Address Classes...............................................................................................44 Subnets..................................................................................................................44 Routing..................................................................................................................44

The Routing Table..........................................................................................................................44

Activity (36)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
Michael Luethje liked this
Anita Ray liked this
a1a1a1s2s2 liked this
Shekhar Singh liked this
Rahul Jaiswal liked this
Vidyanand Pattar liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->