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F06 Lecture5 Diode 2

# F06 Lecture5 Diode 2

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03/18/2014

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EE105 - Fall 2006
Microelectronic Devices and
Circuits

Prof. Jan M. Rabaey (jan@eecs)
Lecture 5: Diode Operation
2
Overview
\ue002Last lecture
\u2013Capacitance
\u2013pn Junction
\ue002This lecture
\u2013pn Junction (cntd)
\u2013Diode operation and models
2
3
\ue002Labs starting tomorrow!
4
PN Junction \u2013 Summary so far
n-type
p-type
ND
NA
)
(
0x
p
a
N
p=
0
d
i
Nn
p
2
0=
diff
J
0
E
a
i
Nn
n
2
0=
Transition Region
diff
J
d
N
n=
0
\u2013 \u2013++
0
E0
p
x
\u2212
0
n
x
\ue002The most important device is a
junction between a p-type region
and an n-type region
\ue002When the junction is first formed,

mobile charges transfer near
junction

\ue002Electrons leave n-type region and
holes leave p-type region
\ue002These mobile carriers become

minority carriers in new region
(can\u2019t penetrate far due to
recombination)

\ue002Due to charge transfer, a voltage
difference occurs between regions
\ue002This creates a field at the junction
that causes drift currents to
oppose the diffusion current
\ue002In thermal equilibrium, drift
current and diffusion must
balance
Question: width of depletion region
3
5
Depletion Approximation
\ue002Let\u2019s assume that the transition region is completely
depleted of free carriers (only immobile dopants
exist)
\ue002Then the charge density is given by
\ue002The solution for electric field is now easy
)
(
'
)
'
(
)
(
0
0
0
po
s
a
xx
s
x
x
qN
dx
x
x
E
p
+
\u2212
=
=\u222b\u2212
\u03b5
\u03b5
\u03c1
\u23a9\u23a8\u23a7
<
<
+
<
<
\u2212
\u2212
\u2245
0
0
0
0
)
(
n
d
po
a
x
x
qN
x
x
qN
x
\u03c1
)
(
)
(
0
0
x
x
qN
x
E
n
s
d
\u2212
\u2212
=
\u03b5
6
Plot of Fields In Depletion Region

\ue002E-Field zero outside of depletion region
\ue002Note the asymmetrical depletion widths
\ue002Which region has higher doping?
\ue002Slope of E-Field larger in n-region. Why?
\ue002Peak E-Field at junction. Why continuous?

n-type
p-type
ND
NA
\u2013 \u2013 \u2013\u2013 \u2013
\u2013 \u2013 \u2013\u2013 \u2013
\u2013 \u2013 \u2013\u2013 \u2013
\u2013 \u2013 \u2013\u2013 \u2013
+++++
+++++
+++++
+++++
Depletion
Region
)
(
)
(
0
0
x
x
qN
x
E
n
s
d
\u2212
\u2212
=
\u03b5
)
(
)
(
0
po
s
a
x
x
qN
x
E
+
\u2212
=
\u03b5