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IRPS 66 Soil Fertility, Tillage, and Mulching Effects on Rainfed Maize Grown After Rice

IRPS 66 Soil Fertility, Tillage, and Mulching Effects on Rainfed Maize Grown After Rice

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Published by CPS_IRRI
IRPS 66, September 1981
IRPS 66, September 1981

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: CPS_IRRI on Sep 28, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/03/2011

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IRPSNo.66,September1981
SOILFERTILITY,TILLAGE,ANDMULCHINGEFFECTSONRAINFEDMAIZEGROWNAFTERRICElABSTRACTTwoexperimentsevaluatedtheeffectsofdifferentriceproductionmethods,fertilizationratesandplacement,andtillageandmulchingtreatmentsonrainfedmaizegrownafterriceonLipaclayloamwithashallowwatertable.Nonfertilizedandfer-tilizedmaizewasgrownafternonpuddlednonflooded,nonpuddledflooded,andpuddledfloodedrice.Til-lageincludednotillage,rowtillage,andcompletetillage.Inasecondexperiment,nonmulchedandmulchedmaizegrewafterpuddledfloodedricea~4fertilizerrates,withthefertilizerplacedat5or20emdepthatplanting.Thenutrientavailabilitywashigherinsoilsafterpuddledfloodedricethanafternonpuddledfloodedrice.However,thehighmoisturecontentandcom-pactsoilafterpuddledfloodedriceresultedinpoorermaizeestablishment,growth,andyield.Til-lageimprovedsoilaerationafterpuddledfloodedricebutreducednutrientavailability.Maizeyieldsfromplotsnottilledafterricehar-vestdidnotdiffersignificantlyfromthosefromtilledplots.Maizerespondedlesstofertilizerappliedafterpuddledfloodedthanafternonpuddledfloodedrice.Withcompletetillageafterfloodedpuddledrice,fertilizerandmulchingtreatmentssignificantlyaffectedlodging,rootandtopgrowth,andgrainyield.Applicationofnitrogenandphosphorusgreatlyincreasedmaizedrymatterandgrainyield.Deepfertilizerplacementinducedrootstogrowdeeperintothesoilandabsorbmorenutrientsandmoisture.Mulchingreducedtopsoilmoisturelossesandresultedinbetterfertilizeravailabilityandmaizeyield.Maizeplotsthatreceiveddeep-placed120-26-25fertilizerandmulchyielded3,150kggrain/ha.IByA.Syarifuddin,researchfellow,IRRI(currentaddress:CentralResearchInstituteforAgriculture,JalanMerdeka99,Bogor,Indonesia),andH.G.Zands
t
ra,agronomist,IRRI(currentaddress:InternationalDevelopmentResearchCentre,599IowaDrive,UniversityofBritishColumbia,Vancouver,Canada).SubmittedtotheIRRIResearchPaperSeriesCommitteeNovember1980.

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