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India's Current Political Scenario

India's Current Political Scenario

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Published by: api-3722269 on Oct 14, 2008
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03/18/2014

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India’s Current Political ScenarioThe Central GovernmentThe Union Progressive Alliance Government
United Progressive Alliance (UPA) is the present ruling coalition of political parties in India.UPA was formed soon after the 2004 Lok Sabha (Lower House)elections.However, an informal alliance had existed prior to the elections asseveral of the current constituent parties had developed seat-sharingagreements in many states. Initially, the proposed name for thealliance was 'Secular Progressive Alliance'. This alliance is
externallysupported
(supporters arenot part of the government)by the four main leftistparties
Communist Party oIndia (Marxist)
Communist Party oIndia
Revolutionary SocialistParty
All India Forward BlocA Common Minimum Programme (CMP) was adopted at the time of formation of the government with the idea of consolidating the agendaof the coalition government. The UPA-Left Coordination Committee was formed to maintaincoordination between the Left parties and UPA.
Constituents of the UPA
 
Indian National Congress (INC)Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD)Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK)Nationalist Congress Party (NCP)Pattali Makkal Katchi (PMK)Telangana Rashtra Samithi (TRS)Jharkhand Mukti Morcha (JMM)
Composition of the Current Lok Sabha (LowerHouse)
LeftFront, 59NDA, 186Others,80UPA, 218
 
Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (MDMK)Lok Jan Shakti Party (LJNSP)Indian Union Muslim League (IUML)Jammu & Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party (JKPDP)Republican Party of India (Athvale) (RPI(A))Republican Party of India (Gavai) (RPI(G))All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimen (AIMIM)Kerala Congress (KC)
Opposition: National Democratic Alliance
 The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) that led the Government of Indiabetween 1998 and 2004, under Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee inthe form of National Democratic Alliance (NDA) in alliance with severalother parties, now leads the opposition.Former Deputy Prime Minister and BJP chief Lal Krishna Advani headsthe NDA as Leader of the Opposition.
Constituents of NDA
Bhartiya Janata Party
 Janata Dal (United)
Biju Janata Dal
 Trinamool Congress
Shiromani Akali Dal
Nagaland People's Front
Mizo National Front
National Advisory Council
The National Advisory Council is an advisory body set up to monitorthe implementation of the UPA government's manifesto, theCommon Minimum Programme(CMP)The leader of the Congress party, Sonia Gandhi was the chairpersonof NAC, holding the status of a cabinet minister.However on March 2006 Sonia Gandhi resigned from the post of chairmanship of the NAC
Issues and Performance of the UPA government
The Government led by Dr Manmohan Singh completed its twoyears in office on May 22, 2006Singh had previously served as a Finance Minister under CongressPrime Minister Narasimha Rao in the early-1990s
Well-respected economist Dr. Singh
seen has been seen as one of thearchitects of India's first economic liberalization plan
 
Despite stiff resistance from the supporting Left front, along withthe Finance minister P Chidambaram, Singh is taking forward theprocess of liberalization and privatizationThe government has gone ahead with allowing FDI in certain vitalsectors despite the Left’s opposition.Allowed open retail trade to FDI in single brand category10 per cent voting cap in the Banking Regulation ActPrivatisation of the Delhi and Mumbai airportsDespite resistance from the Left, Manmohan Singh government istaking forward Indo-US civilian nuclear deal
Issues
Criticism over so called “two centres of power in the Government”-one the Prime Minister and the other, Congress president SoniaGandhi, previously the chairperson of the National AdvisoryCouncil.Congress claims Dr. Singh and Sonia Gandhi have a very goodequationDifferences became apparent when Sonia Gandhi openly questionedthe usefulness of the Free Trade Area (FTA) agreements withvarious countries and blocsPressure from Alliance partners and the Left Front (supporting fromoutside)Left parties, more often than not, have got their way indictating terms on major issuesdelay in taking a decision on hiking the prices of petroleumproducts due to Left pressure

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