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DWDM Principle

DWDM Principle

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Categories:Topics, Art & Design
Published by: Mohammad Zubair Siddiqui on Sep 28, 2011
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09/28/2011

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DWDM Principlei
Contents
Section 1 DWDM Overview
1-11.1 DWDM Technology Background1-11.2 DWDM Principles Overview1-21.3 DWDM Equipment Operating Modes1-31.3.1 Two-fiber bi-directional transmission1-31.3.2 Single fiber bi-directional transmission1-41.3.3 Add and drop of optical signals1-51.4 Application Modes of DWDM1-51.5 Advantages of DWDM1-5
Section 2 DWDM Transmission Media
2-12.1 Optical Fiber Structures2-12.2 Types of Optical Fiber 2-22.3 Basic Features of Optical Fiber 2-32.3.1 Physical Dimension (Mode field diameter)2-32.3.2 Mode Field Concentricity Error 2-42.3.3 Bend Loss2-42.3.4 Attenuation Constant2-42.3.5 Dispersion Coefficient2-52.3.6 Cutoff Wavelength2-62.4 Types and Properties of Optical Fiber Cable2-62.4.1 Types of Optical Fiber Cable2-62.4.2 Properties of Optical Fiber Cable2-6
Section 3 DWDM Key Technologies
3-13.1 Lasers3-13.1.1 Laser Modulation Modes3-13.1.2 Wavelength Stability and Control of Laser 3-43.2 Erbium-doped Optical Fiber Amplifier (EDFA)3-53.2.1 EDFA Operating Principle3-53.2.2 Applications of EDFA3-73.2.3 Gain Control of EDFA3-93.2.4 Limitations of EDFA3-133.3 DWDM Components3-143.3.1 Optical Grating Type DWDM Component3-153.3.2 Dielectric Film Type DWDM Component3-163.3.3 Fused Conical Type DWDM Component3-173.3.4 Integrated Optical Waveguide Type DWDM Component3-173.3.5 Performances of DWDM Components3-18
 
DWDM Principleii
Section 4 DWDM Networking Design
4-14.1 Some Network Element Types of DWDM4-14.1.1 Optical Terminal Equipment (OTM)4-14.1.2 Optical Line Amplification Unit (OLA)4-24.1.3 Optical Add/drop Multiplexing Unit (OADM)4-34.1.4 Electrical Regeneration Unit (REG)4-44.2 General Constitution of DWDM network 4-54.2.1 Point-to-point Networking4-54.2.2 Chain Type Networking4-64.2.3 Ring Type Networking4-64.2.4 Network Management Information Channel Backup andInterconnection Capability4-74.3 Factors To Be Considered in DWDM Networking4-94.3.1 Dispersion Limited Distance4-94.3.2 Power 4-104.3.3 Optical Signal-to-Noise Ratio4-114.3.4 Other Factors4-144.4 DWDM Network Protection4-234.4.1 Protection Based on single Wavelength4-234.4.2 Optical Multiplex Section (OMSP) Protection4-254.4.3 Applications in Ring Networks4-264.5 Analysis to The Examples4-274.5.1 Networking Diagram (Physical Network Stations)4-274.5.2 Networking Diagram (considering the dispersion limited distance of the lasers to divide the regenerator sections of the network)4-274.5.3 Networking Diagram (considering the power of optical amplifiers todivide the optical regenerator sections)4-284.5.4 Networking Diagram (considering OSNR)4-29
 
DWDM Principle Section 1 DWDM Overview1-3
Section 1 DWDM Overview
 
Objectives:To master the concepts of DWDM.To know the background and technology characteristics of DWDM.
1.1 DWDM Technology Background
With the dramatic increase of voice services and emergence of various newservices, especially the quick change of IP technology, network capacity willinevitably be faced with critical challenge. Traditional methods for transmissionnetwork capacity expansion adopt space division multiplexing (SDM) or timedivision multiplexing (TDM).
1. Space Division Multiplexing (SDM)
Space division multiplexing linearly expands the transmission capacity by addingfibers, and the transmission equipment is also linearly added.At present, fiber manufacture technology is quite mature. Ribbon optical fiber cables with tens of cores are rather prevalent and advanced connection techniquefor optical fiber simplifies cable construction. However, the increment of fibers brings much inconvenience to the construction and circuit maintenance in thefuture. Additionally, if the existing optical fiber cable lines have no sufficientfibers and require to lay new fiber cables for capacity expansion, engineering costwill increase in duplication. Moreover, this method doesn't sufficiently utilize thetransmission bandwidth of the optical fiber and wastes the bandwidth resources. It'snot always possible to lay new optical fibers to expand the capacity during theconstruction of communication networks. Actually, in the initial stage of the project, it is hard to predict the ever-growing service demands and to plan thenumber of fibers to lay. Hence, SDM method for capacity expansion is quitelimited.

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