DWDM Principle Section 1 DWDM Overview1-3
Section 1 DWDM Overview
Objectives:To master the concepts of DWDM.To know the background and technology characteristics of DWDM.
1.1 DWDM Technology Background
With the dramatic increase of voice services and emergence of various newservices, especially the quick change of IP technology, network capacity willinevitably be faced with critical challenge. Traditional methods for transmissionnetwork capacity expansion adopt space division multiplexing (SDM) or timedivision multiplexing (TDM).
1. Space Division Multiplexing (SDM)
Space division multiplexing linearly expands the transmission capacity by addingfibers, and the transmission equipment is also linearly added.At present, fiber manufacture technology is quite mature. Ribbon optical fiber cables with tens of cores are rather prevalent and advanced connection techniquefor optical fiber simplifies cable construction. However, the increment of fibers brings much inconvenience to the construction and circuit maintenance in thefuture. Additionally, if the existing optical fiber cable lines have no sufficientfibers and require to lay new fiber cables for capacity expansion, engineering costwill increase in duplication. Moreover, this method doesn't sufficiently utilize thetransmission bandwidth of the optical fiber and wastes the bandwidth resources. It'snot always possible to lay new optical fibers to expand the capacity during theconstruction of communication networks. Actually, in the initial stage of the project, it is hard to predict the ever-growing service demands and to plan thenumber of fibers to lay. Hence, SDM method for capacity expansion is quitelimited.