“After 14 years I went up to Jerusalem with Barnabas, and also took Titus with me. I went
up by revelation, and communicated to them that good news which I preach among the nations. Butin private with those who were uncertain, lest by any means I might run, or had run in vain. Yet noteven Titus who was with me, being a Greek,
was compelled to be circumcised
So here we see the Emissary Shaul (the Apostle Paul) responding to some question ofcircumcision. And he responds to the question and issue presented to him by stating that neither he,nor his Greek companion Titus, felt it necessary to be circumcised.Then the Emissary (the Apostle) Shaul proceeds for the next three chapters to present variousanalogies as to why he believed it was not necessary for Titus to be circumcised, and in
at the close of his discourse, he reaffirms his opening conclusion by stating,
"And I say to you, that if you
, the Messiah will profit you nothing.
I testify again to every man who
that he is obligated to keep thewhole law.
The Messiah has become useless to you. You who attempt
to be justified
through the law,you have fallen from grace.The whole study to follow will be to answer and reveal what is meant by this use of the word "law"within the context of Galatians, and of how this use of the word ultimately leads us not to aconclusion nullifying Torah, but to various analogies presented by Shaul (Paul) contrasting thedifference between faith in Yeshua's sacrifice for salvation versus the presentation of Templesacrifices for salvation.So first we will ask, what is meant by the phrase, "
he is obligated to keep the whole law
", and "
You who attempt to be justified through the law
What law? Which law? The Scriptures use the word "law" to refer to many different types of law.For example, there is
the Law of Torah
which Yahuweh ordained to define for us how to properlyconduct ourselves as His children, and as His representatives in this world.This Law of Torah is revealed to us in part in the form of commandments such as,You shall not murder, you shall not accept bribes or pervert justice, you shall not oppress the pooror the widow, you shall not practice witchcraft or sorcery or have sexual relations with animals, youshall rest your farmland every 7th year, pray for your enemies, do good to those who hate you, etc...Here are some samples of verses where the word translated as law, or as commandments, in theChristian Bibles is referring to the Law of Torah.
Mattit'yahu (Matthew) 5:17-19; 23:23; Romans8:7; Revelations 12:17; 14:12
.Then you have
the law of sin
, which is the exact opposite of Torah, and which is the expressviolation of Torah;
I Yahuchanan (I John) 3:4 (KJV)
, some examples of which can be found in thefollowing passages.
Galatians 5:19-21; Ephesians 5:3-7
.Then there is
the law of the Temple sacrifices
, the examples of which can be found in numerouspassages, three of which are as follow,
Ivrim (Hebrews) 9:22; 10:1; and Galatians 3:19.
The law of circumcision for 8 day old male infants
B'resheet (Genesis) 17:1-27; Luke 2:21.
And finally, for purposes of this study, we will add only one more law,
the law of circumcision for conversion to 1st Century, Temple based, Judaism
Ma’aseh (Acts) 15:1
-5; Galatians 5:3