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Table Of Contents

1. Division and Euclidean Algorithms
2. Unique Factorization of Integers
3. Unique Factorization of Polynomials
5. Row Reduction
6. Matrix Operations
7. Problems
1. Spanning, Linear Independence, and Bases
2. Vector Spaces Defined by Matrices
3. Linear Maps
7. Determinants
9. Bases in the Infinite-Dimensional Case
10. Problems
1. Inner Products and Orthonormal Sets
2. Adjoints
3. Spectral Theorem
4. Problems
1. Groups and Subgroups
2. Quotient Spaces and Homomorphisms
3. Direct Products and Direct Sums
4. Rings and Fields
5. Polynomials and Vector Spaces
6. Group Actions and Examples
7. Semidirect Products
10. Sylow Theorems
11. Categories and Functors
FIGURE 4.11. Universal mapping property of a product in a category
12. Problems
CHAPTER V Theory of a Single Linear Transformation
1. Introduction
2. Determinants over Commutative Rings with Identity
3. Characteristic and Minimal Polynomials
4. Projection Operators
5. Primary Decomposition
6. Jordan Canonical Form
FIGURE 5.1. Example of a nilpotent matrix in Jordan form
FIGURE 5.2. Powers of the nilpotent matrix in Figure 5.1
7. Computations with Jordan Form
8. Problems
1. Bilinear Forms and Matrices
2. Symmetric Bilinear Forms
3. Alternating Bilinear Forms
4. Hermitian Forms
5. Groups Leaving a Bilinear Form Invariant
6. Tensor Product of Two Vector Spaces
7. Tensor Algebra
8. Symmetric Algebra
9. Exterior Algebra
1. Free Groups
2. Subgroups of Free Groups
4. Group Representations
5. Burnside’s Theorem
6. Extensions of Groups
CHAPTER VIII Commutative Rings and Their Modules
1. Examples of Rings and Modules
2. Integral Domains and Fields of Fractions
3. Prime and Maximal Ideals
4. Unique Factorization
5. Gauss’s Lemma
6. Finitely Generated Modules
8. Noetherian Rings and the Hilbert Basis Theorem
9. Integral Closure
10. Localization and Local Rings
1. Algebraic Elements
2. Construction of Field Extensions
3. Finite Fields
4. Algebraic Closure
5. Geometric Constructions by Straightedge and Compass
7. Normal Extensions
8. Fundamental Theorem of Galois Theory
9. Application to Constructibility of Regular Polygons
10. Application to Proving the Fundamental Theorem of Algebra
12. Construction of Regular Polygons
14. Proof That π Is Transcendental
15. Norm and Trace
16. Splitting of Prime Ideals in Extensions
17. Two Tools for Computing Galois Groups
18. Problems
CHAPTER X Modules over Noncommutative Rings
1. Simple and Semisimple Modules
2. Composition Series
3. Chain Conditions
4. Hom and End for Modules
5. Tensor Product for Modules
6. Exact Sequences
A1. Sets and Functions
A3. Real Numbers
A4. Complex Numbers
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60638587 Basic Algebra

60638587 Basic Algebra

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Published by: aftaba_29 on Sep 28, 2011
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