Building Regulations/Building Codes
A common term for the sets of standards used in many countries for design and constructionwhich apply to most new buildings and many alterations to existing buildings.
Building Lifecycle Assessment
The goods, services and products required during the construction, occupation, maintenance,refurbishment and demolition of a building all have some environmental impact. Life cycleassessment is the method for evaluating what the consequence of these impacts will be, forexample in terms of CO
Embodied energy is the total primary energy consumed during the life time of a product. Ideallythe boundaries would be set from the extraction of raw materials to the end of the product
slifetime, including energy from: manufacturing, transport, energy to manufacture capitalequipment, heating and lighting of the factory and so on. This boundary condition is known as
„cradle to grave‟. Two other ways of expressing it are „cradle to gate‟, which includes all energyuntil the product leaves the factory gate and „cradle to site‟, which includes all energy consumed
until the product has reached the point of use.
Green or Sustainable Building
building can mean many things, but in general terms it is assumed thatthe building uses materials that are more environmentally responsible and resource-efficientthroughout a building's life-cycle than standard materials; that it has minimal impact on itssurroundings; and that it is energy efficient in its operation.
It should be noted that „green‟ or„sustainable‟ buildings as terms are unregulated, which is why verifiable ratings standards are so
important to benchmark.
Indoor Environmental Quality
A term commonly used to describe the quality of the air within a building, especially in relationto the health and comfort of the occupants. Factors by which this is judged may vary dependingon the ratings system.
The energy consumed during the in-use phase of a building's life.