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Built Environment | 2degrees Sustainability Essentials

Built Environment | 2degrees Sustainability Essentials

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Published by 2degrees
New to sustainability? Need a refresher course? Looking for a condensed guide to the most topical sustainability issues?, or just need help convincing your boss?

Look no further than the 2degrees Sustainability Essentials series.

These documents provide just what they say - the essential information that every sustainability professional needs to know. Whether its supply chain or smart grids, managing sustainability or managing energy, we have the information you need, all in one easy to read document and compiled by the leading industry experts.
New to sustainability? Need a refresher course? Looking for a condensed guide to the most topical sustainability issues?, or just need help convincing your boss?

Look no further than the 2degrees Sustainability Essentials series.

These documents provide just what they say - the essential information that every sustainability professional needs to know. Whether its supply chain or smart grids, managing sustainability or managing energy, we have the information you need, all in one easy to read document and compiled by the leading industry experts.

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Published by: 2degrees on Sep 28, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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Document Preview:Cities and Built Environment
2degrees Sustainability Essentials
Updated September 9, 2011 Page |1
The 2degrees Sustainability Essentials Series provides the necessary guidance to a range of topics,for companies at the start of their sustainability journeys, or for 2degrees members who are new in
their roles. Think of it as a short course, or a “beginner’s guide to” sustainability issues. This
document highlights what you need to know about the major building environmental ratingmethods used around the globe.
Contents
What do I need to know about BREEAM? .............................................................................................. .
 
What do I need to know about LEED? ......................................................................................................What do I need to know about Green Star? ..........................................................................................Is there anything else I need to know? ....................................................................................................10 buildings that make the grade ..............................................................................................................More information .............................................................................................................................................
Photograph: Wonderlane
 
Document Preview:Cities and Built Environment
2degrees Sustainability Essentials
Updated September 9, 2011 Page |2
Definitions
 
Building Regulations/Building Codes
A common term for the sets of standards used in many countries for design and constructionwhich apply to most new buildings and many alterations to existing buildings.
Building Lifecycle Assessment
The goods, services and products required during the construction, occupation, maintenance,refurbishment and demolition of a building all have some environmental impact. Life cycleassessment is the method for evaluating what the consequence of these impacts will be, forexample in terms of CO
2
and CO
2
equivalent (CO
2
e) emissions.
Embodied Energy
Embodied energy is the total primary energy consumed during the life time of a product. Ideallythe boundaries would be set from the extraction of raw materials to the end of the product
slifetime, including energy from: manufacturing, transport, energy to manufacture capitalequipment, heating and lighting of the factory and so on. This boundary condition is known as
„cradle to grave‟. Two other ways of expressing it are „cradle to gate‟, which includes all energyuntil the product leaves the factory gate and „cradle to site‟, which includes all energy consumed
until the product has reached the point of use.
Green or Sustainable Building
A „green‟
 
or „sustainable‟
building can mean many things, but in general terms it is assumed thatthe building uses materials that are more environmentally responsible and resource-efficientthroughout a building's life-cycle than standard materials; that it has minimal impact on itssurroundings; and that it is energy efficient in its operation.
It should be noted that „green‟ or„sustainable‟ buildings as terms are unregulated, which is why verifiable ratings standards are so
important to benchmark.
Indoor Environmental Quality
A term commonly used to describe the quality of the air within a building, especially in relationto the health and comfort of the occupants. Factors by which this is judged may vary dependingon the ratings system.
Operational energy
The energy consumed during the in-use phase of a building's life.
 
Document Preview:Cities and Built Environment
2degrees Sustainability Essentials
Updated September 9, 2011 Page |3
Environmental Assessment Methods for Non-Domestic Buildings
Why do we need them?
Being able to demonstrate the green credentials of a building has
moved from a “nice to have” to
becomea necessity for many developers and building owners in recent years. As sustainability has risen up theagenda, so too has the need to be able to neatly assess the environmental performance of a building in asingle, verifiable rating.For developers, building owners, and property agents, a rating enables like-for-like comparisons of buildings within a property portfolio and across the market place. For funders and design teams, aimingfor a specific environmental score can set a benchmark for a project and help ensure that sustainability isan integral part of the design brief from day one. For the end-users and public, reducing the sustainableattributes down to a specific grade makes it much easier to comprehend how green a building is thanquoting figures such as energy use or the percent of construction waste sent to landfill.The first environmental assessment system was developed in the UK by the Building ResearchEstablishment(BRE)in 1990. Called the
Building Research Establishment‟s Enviro
nmental AssessmentMethodology or BREEAM,its principles have since spread, with alternative tools developed around the globe. Most notable of these are the
US Green Building Council‟s
Leadership in Energy and EnvironmentalDesign(LEED)rating system and the
Green Building Council of Australia‟s
 Green Star.  Together, these are the most widely recognized and established green building rating systems in usearound the world and between them they have been used to rate thousands of buildings. While this
„E
ssentials
guide will explore BREEAM, LEED and Green Star, it should be noted that there are otherratings systems that are dominant in their home markets such as the Comprehensive Assessment Systemfor Built Environment Efficiency(CASBEE)in Japan, the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Nachhaltiges Bauen (DGNB)program in Germany and Green Mark in Singapore. One important aspect of all these rating systems is that the requirements to become certified are aboveand beyond the normal legislative standards for constructing buildings. As such, the very top ratings arenot easy to achieve, making them aspirational standards that help raise the benchmark of sustainabilityand generally push forward innovation within the built environment. These ratings systems are aconstantly evolving. As legislative standards have begun to incorporate more environmentalconsideration, so to have the rating systems changed. Over the years, assessment methods have becomeincreasingly comprehensive
BREEAM started out with 27 credits available for various environmental

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