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P. 1
pth va tach qh

pth va tach qh



|Views: 974 |Likes:
Published by api-3723660

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Published by: api-3723660 on Oct 15, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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B\u00e0i t\u1eadp
Ph\u1ee5 thu\u1ed9c h\u00e0m v\u00e0 ph\u00e9p t\u00e1ch l\u01b0\u1ee3c \u0111\u1ed3
quan h\u1ec7

\u2022Cho l\u01b0\u1ee3c \u0111\u1ed3 quan h\u1ec7 R={A,B,C,D} v\u00e0 t\u1eadp ph\u1ee5
thu\u1ed9c h\u00e0m:F= {A->B, BC->D, C->A} . Ph\u1ee5
thu\u1ed9c h\u00e0m n\u00e0o sau \u0111\u00e2y \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c suy di\u1ec5n t\u1eeb F

\u2022C->D , AC->D AD->C BC->A B->CD
\u2022Ph\u1ee5 thu\u1ed9c h\u00e0m X->Y \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c g\u1ecdi l\u00e0 suy di\u1ec5n t\u1eeb F
khi 1 quan h\u1ec7 R tho\u1ea3 m\u00e3n t\u1ea5t c\u1ea3 c\u00e1c ph\u1ee5 thu\u1ed9c

h\u00e0m trong f th\u00ec r c\u0169ng tho\u1ea3 m\u00e3n X->Y
\u2022C\u00e1c qui t\u1eafc suy di\u1ec5n ch\u00ednh:
\u2022lu\u1eadt px:
\u2022lu\u1eadt th\u00eam v\u00e0o:
\u2022lu\u1eadt b\u1eafc c\u1ea7u:

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cho cai link dowloed di ban, thnks all
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