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TG 2

TG 2

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Published by Jain Abhishek

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Published by: Jain Abhishek on Sep 28, 2011
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11/20/2012

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Math Murder Mystery
byTotal Gadha- Thursday, 1 February 2007, 09:26 PM I found Ubhyankar Shastri immersed in his daily crossword when I reached his home in Srinivaspuri.The room was littered with books and coffee cups and I had to struggle to find a place to sit.“Hi Devesh, How is our friend Raj keeping today?â€
he asked, putting aside the newspaper.“Good heavens Ubhyankar! How do you know I met Raj. Were you spying on us?â€
Raj, or sub-inspector Rajnath Singh, was our mutual friend who often took Ubhyankar’s help to solve trickycases. Since I was Ubhyankar’s confidant in many of his cases, Raj has got used to discussingcriminal cases with me also.“No no, nothing of the sort.â€
Ubhyankar started laughing, “You arrive every evening an hourearlier, therefore, I surmised you were stuck somewhere. When you walked in you had ‘Time’magazine in your hand which you always buy from your favorite magazine shop in Nehru Place, andwhen you rubbed your feet on the doormat I saw you had wet mud on your shoes. I know it has rainedin Kalkaji area near Nehru Place and today’s news stories in TV are full of murder committed inKalkaji. As I know you couldn’t have gone to Kalkaji by yourself, someone must have taken youthere. I’m positive it was our friend Raj.â€
“That’s true. Raj knew you would be asleep till the evening (Ubhyankar had mastered the art of being completely nocturnal) therefore he took me along to Kalkaji to show the scene of the crime. Thecrime is pretty simple and I’m sure the TV stories would have given you the broad details. At 6:00am, Mr. Nagpal Khanna, a collector of antique clocks, was discovered murdered in clocks room, his headhaving suffered injuries on account of being smashed against a showcase in which he kept his clocks.He was lying on the floor in a pool of blood and a rare agate and gold watch missing from his collection.Two other watches from the collection were lying on floor. Apparently, the thief had come in themidnight and had tried to steal the precious watch. Unfortunately, Mr. Khanna had woken up and hadconfronted the thief. A scuffle ensued and resulted in Mr. Khanna’s demise.â
“Did you look at the time in the watches lying on the floor?â€
Ubhyankar asked.“Knowing your methods, I had a close look at those watches. They were both broken and hadstopped working. The time they showed were 3:08 am and 2:24 am. You cannot determine the time of murder by looking at those watches. It is famous in Khanna household that every clock except thestolen one deviates by a fixed number of minutes every hour. These minutes may be same or differentfor different clocks. Every night before sleeping, Mr. Khanna used to wind each clock at 10:00 pm toshow correct time. And only he knew by how many minutes each clock deviates every hour.â€
“Any suspect?â€
“Three in fact. All three of them are clock dealers and are of suspicious characters. Only these threesuspects know the value of the clock and would be able to sell it to a secret buyer. All three had offeredto buy the clock from Mr. Khanna and then threatened him when he refused. Chandraswami, the firstsuspect, says he was watching a movie till 1:15 am and reached home by 1:50 am. His family confirmsthe time he reached home. Saket Sharma, the second suspect, says he was in a party and got free by2:10 am. He reached his home by 2:40 am. His family and the people in the party confirm the time.Rakesh Mahajan, the third suspect, was at Hotel Park Royale till 3:10 am. He reached his home ataround 3:50 am. This has also been confirmed. Any of these three people could have committed thecrime as they were near Mr. Khanna’s house. But we don’t know the time of crime and their alibiare perfect. That’s why Raj needs your help.â€
“My dear Devesh, I can solve this case even without the help of caffeine you know. Tell Raj toquestion Rakesh Mahajan and search his house if necessary.â€
“I am afraid I don’t understand Ubhyankar,â€
I said, at my wit’s end.“It’s a simple case of mathematical reasoning Devesh. There are only three cases possible withthe stopped clocks that you found on the floor- one was fast and the other was slow, both of them werefast, or both of them were slow. Now let us examine the possibilities:
One clock gains and the other loses
Let one of the clock gain
 x 
minutes every hour and the other clock lose
minutes every hours.Therefore the difference in minutes between them would be
 x 
+
every hour. Let
a
hours have passedafter 10:00 pm when the crime was committed. The time difference between the two clocks when theystopped was 44 minutes.Þ (
 x 
+
) ´
a
= 44Some of the values in the solution set are shown below, assuming
 x 
+
is an integer:
04-09-2009mba, cat, gmat, cat 2009, cat 2010, totalgadha.com/mod//discuss.ph1/3
 
Both clocks gain or both clocks lose
Let the two clocks lose/gain
x
and
y
minutes every hour, and let
a
hours had passed since 10:00 pmwhen the crime was committed. Then,Þ (
 x 
-
) ´
a
= 44 (both gain)Þ (
 x 
-
) ´
a
= 44 (both lose)You can see that only the third equation has a solution which satisfies the conditions of gain/lose andwhich also give a time (3:30 am) when a suspect was free. Therefore, the time was committed at 3:30am by Rakesh Mahajan.I will leave the extensive mathematical explanation to the readers, but it turned out that Ubhyankarwas right. Rakesh Mahajan admitted to his crime when Raj confronted him.As for me, I still don’t understand what Ubhyankar said. Do you?
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Re: Math Murder Mystery
byflyto gmat- Friday, 25 May 2007, 08:14 PM Hi,Iam a little confused over this,is this the right way to approach the prob?In my opinion, from the data about the 3 suspects, it can be noted , that the murder could haveoccured during1:15 to 1:50 (that is between 3 hrs and 4hrs from 10:00 PM )2:10 to 2:40 (that is netween 4hrs and 5hrs from 10:00 PM )3:10 to 3:50 (thats between 5hrs and 6 hrs from 10:00 PM )That is, we can consider 1:00 , 2:00, 3:00 and 4:00 as the limits.I guess, the most easy to start with option would be to consider that the murder occured after 4 hrs.That is 2:00.a. both clocks show more than 2:00. So Both have gained.Clock A gained 24mins and B gained 68mins in 4 hrs.4X = 24, X=6. 4Y=68, Y=17.4(Y-X) = 4(17-6) = 44. True.b. Consider murder occured at 3:00. That is after 5hrs. Clock A lost 36 mins and Clock B gained 8mins in 5 hrs.5X = 36, X=7.2. 5Y=8, Y=1.65(Y+X)=5(1.6+7.2)=5(8.8)=44Please let me know 
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Re: Math Murder Mystery
byRanvijay Singh- Thursday, 2 August 2007, 03:30 PMHi TG,Possible time-slots for the murder:
Person
 
Time-Slot
Chandraswami 1:15 AM - 1:50 AM[10:00 PM + (39/12 hours - 46/12 hours)]Saket Sharma 2:10 AM - 2:40 AM[10:00 PM + (50/12 hours - 56/12 hours)]Rakesh Mahajan 3:10 AM - 3:50 AM[10:00 PM + (62/12 hours - 70/12 hours)]
Saket Shrama
 
can't
be the murderer because the open interval (50/12, 56/12) doesn't have any
04-09-2009mba, cat, gmat, cat 2009, cat 2010, totalgadha.com/mod//discuss.ph2/3

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