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Chapter 2

# Chapter 2

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03/18/2014

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Chapt er 2: Force and Linear Mot ion
Chapt er 2:Forces and Mot ion.
2.1 Analyzing linear motion
A st udent is able t o:-
1.
Define dist ance and displacement .
2.
Define speed and velocit y and st at e t hat
aver age velocit y v = s / t .
3.
Define accelerat ion and decelerat ion and
st at e t hat a = (v-u) / t
.
4.
Calculat e speed and velocit y.
5.
Calculat e accelerat ion or decelerat ion.
6.
Solve problems on linear mot ion wit h
uniform accelerat ion using:-
a.
v= u+ at.
b.
s = ut + \u00bd at2
c.
v2 = u2 + 2as.
2.2 Analyzing mot ion graphs
A st udent is able t o:-
1.
Plot and interpret displacement-time and
velocit y-t ime gr aphs.
2.
Deduce from t he shape of displacement -
t ime gr aph when a body is:-
\u2022
At rest.
\u2022
Moving wit h unifor m
velocit y.
\u2022
Moving wit h non-
uniform velocit y.
3.
Determine distance, displacement and
velocit y from a displacement -t ime graph.
4.
Deduce from t he shape of a velocit y-t ime
gr aph when a body is:-
\u2022
At rest.
\u2022
Moving wit h unifor m
velocit y.
\u2022
Moving wit h unifor m
acceler at ion.
5.
Det ermine dist ance, displacement , velocit y
and accelerat ion from a velocit y-t ime graph.
6.
Solve problems on linear mot ion wit h
uniform accelerat ion.
2.3 Understanding Inertia
A st udent is able t o:-
1.
Explain what inert ia is.
2.
Relat e mass t o inert ia.
3.
Give examples of sit uat ions involving inert ia.
4.
Suggest ways t o reduce t he negat ive
effect s of inert ia.
2.4 Analyzing momentum
A st udent is able t o:-
1.
Define t he moment um of an object .
2.
Define moment um (p) as t he product of
mass (m) and velocit y (v) i.e. p = mv
3.
St at e t he principle of conservat ion of
moment um.
4.
Describe applicat ions of conservat ion of
moment um.
5.
Solve pr oblems involving moment um.
2.5 Underst anding t he effect s of a force
A st udent is able t o:-
1.
Describe t he effect s of balanced forces
act ing on an object .
2.
Describe t he effect s of unbalanced forces
act ing on an object .
3.
Det ermine t he relat ionship bet ween force,
mass and accelerat ion i.e. F = ma.
4.
Solve pr oblems using F= ma.
2.6 Analyzing impulse and impulsive for ce.
A st udent is able t o:-
1.
Explain what an impulsive for ce is.
2.
Give examples of sit uat ions involving
impulsive forces.
3.
Define impulse as a change of moment um,
i.e. Ft = mv-mu.
4.
Define impulsive for ce as t he r at e of change
of moment um in collision or explosion, i.e.
F= (mv-mu)/t
5.

Explain t he effect of incr easing or
decreasing t ime of impact on t he magnit ude
of t he impulsive force.

6.

Describe sit uat ions where an impulsive for ce needs t o be r educed and suggest ways t o reduce it .

7.
Describe sit uat ions where an impulsive
for ce is beneficial.
8.
Solve pr oblems involving impulsive for ces.
2.7 Being aware of need for safet y feat ures in vehicles.
A st udent is able t o:-
1.
Describe t he import ance of safet y feat ures
in vehicles.
2.8 Understanding gravity
A st udent is able t o:-
1.
Explain accelerat ion due t o gravit y.
2.
St at e what a gravit at ional field is.
3.
Define gravit at ional field st rengt h.
4.
Det ermine t he value of accelerat ion weight
(W) as t he pr oduct of mass (m) and
accelerat ion due t o gravit y (g) i.e. W = mg.
2.9 Analyzing forces in equilibrium
A st udent is able t o:-
1.
Describe sit uat ions where forces are in
equilibr ium.
2.
State what a resultant force is.
3.
Add t wo forces t o det ermine t he result ant
for ce.
4.
Resolve a force int o t he effect ive
component forces.
5.
Solve pr oblems involving for ces in
equilibr ium.
2.10 Underst anding work, energy, power and efficiency.
A st udent is able t o:-
1.

Define wor k as t he pr oduct of an applied
force and displacement of object in t he
direct ion of t he applied force. i.e W = Fs.

2.
St at e t hat when work is done ener gy is
t ransferred from one object t o anot her.
3.
Define kinetic energy and state that Ek = \u00bd
mv2.
4.
Define gravit at ional pot ent ial energy and
state that Ep = mgh.
5.
St at e t he principle of conservat ion of
ener gy.
6.
Define power and st at e t hat P = W/t .
7.
Explain what efficiency of a device is.
8.
Solve problems involving wor k, ener gy,
power and efficiency.
2.11 Appreciat ing t he import ance of maximizing t he
efficiency of devices
A st udent is able t o:-
1.
Recognize t he import ance of maximizing
efficiency of devices in conser ving
r esour ces.
2.12 Underst anding elast icit y.
A st udent is able t o:-
1.
Define elast icit y.
2.
Define Hooke\u2019s Law.
3.
Define elast ic pot ent ial ener gy and st at e
t hat Ep = \u00bd kx2.
4.

Determine the factors that affect elast icit y. describe applicat ions of elast icit y.

5.
Solve problems involving elast icit y.