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Application of Contemporary Fibres in Apparels Cocona Fiber

Application of Contemporary Fibres in Apparels Cocona Fiber

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Published by Vasant Kothari

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Published by: Vasant Kothari on Sep 29, 2011
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APPAREL VIEWS / 
JULY
2011
34
Application ofcontemporaryfibres in apparels
History of coconut shell fibre
Cocona®, TrapTek LLC's patented innovative technology that incorporatesactivated carbon derived from recycled coconut shells into fibres and yarns, hasreceived accolades as a natural, sustainable technology. The technology wasdeveloped in 2002 by Gregory W Haggquist, Ph. D. the Longmont, Colo. basedcompany's founder and made its consumer market debut in 2006 in knitted cyclingapparel developed by United Knitting, Cleveland, Tenn., and Bethel, Conn.-basedCannondale Bicycle Corp.
 Technology of coconut shell fibre
Cocona’s outstanding features are due to the fact that the surface of the activatedcarbon has a pore structure. The pores absorb odour molecules at the sametime as enabling the moisture to escape from the skin’s surface and absorb intothe sock more quickly than normal due to the large surface area. Yarn made withCocona
®
has a surface area that is upto 10 times larger than conventionalpolyester yarn.The Cocona
®
technology imbeds activated carbon from coconut shells intopolyester or nylon polymers. The coconut shells, recycled waste from the foodindustry, are burned at 300°C followed by a 1,000°C steam-activation process.The activated carbon is used for water and air filtration, wastewater treatment,and other such industries. The microscopic, ultra-fine particles that are toosmall for those applications are just what TrapTek needs to incorporate into itsfibre and yarn.
 T 
he coconut tree is known as “The tree of life.” Coconut meat, milk and oil have been widely used in products likesuntan lotion, cooking, oil, medicine, water and air filters. In textile also, coir is very popular which is extracted fromthe husk of coconut and used in products such as floor mats, doormats, brushes, mattresses etc. Now, the finestquality of activated carbon comes from coconut shells to provide superior dry times, odour adsorption and UV protectionon a wide range of product applications. The Cocona
®
material is a natural fabric enhancer that is produced fromactivated carbon from coconut shells, which is infused into the textile fibre by Cocona Inc. patent method. The activatedcarbon is derived from coconut husks; it is a “waste” product of the water filter industry and is known since immemorialtimes to absorb poisons and odours. Activated carbon has a huge absorbing area — one gram of it has a surface areathe size of two tennis court. This activated carbon is infused into natural fibres like cotton, wool and synthetic fibreslike polyester, nylon, etc, which is then blended with other fibres to create performance fabrics
COCCOCCOCCOCCOCONUTONUTONUTONUTONUTSHELLSHELLSHELLSHELLSHELLFIBREFIBREFIBREFIBREFIBRE- C- C- C- C- COCOCOCOCOCONAONAONAONAONA
®®®®®
COCCOCCOCCOCCOCONUTONUTONUTONUTONUTSHELLSHELLSHELLSHELLSHELLFIBREFIBREFIBREFIBREFIBRE- C- C- C- C- COCOCOCOCOCONAONAONAONAONA
®®®®®
 
APPAREL VIEWS / 
JULY
2011
35
Characteristics of coconut shell fibre
Cocona
®
fabrics offer superior comfort and enhanced performance in a variety ofclothing applications. Cocona
®
fabric provides protection from harmful UV rays;successfully manage odours, static, and moisture. Independent laboratory testsmeasuring the amount of time a wet fabric takes to dry at room temperature,fabrics made with Cocona
®
dried significantly faster than other leading moisture-wicking fabrics including polyester (50 per cent faster), cotton (92 per cent faster),and bamboo (96 per cent faster). Fabrics made with Cocona
®
yarns and fibres areinherently lightweight, comfortable, and easy-care.Activated carbon has been used for centuries to purify drinking water and toabsorb toxins. When incorporated into yarns and fibres, it creates a fabric thatprovides highly effective evaporative cooling, odour control, and superior UVprotection, upto 50+UPF (the highest possible rating). Because Cocona®technology is inside the fibre; it cannot wash off or wear out like ordinary surfacetreatments to fabrics.
 The distinctive benefits of Cocona
®
fabric include:
Evaporative cooling - Cocona
®
fabrics dry faster providing increased comfortwhile reducing the amount of time and energy required drying garments afterwashing. Activated carbon embedded within the yarn of woven and knittedfabrics wicks moisture away from the skin and transports it to the fabric surfacefor rapid evaporation. Cocona
®
fabric’s powerful moisture managementproperties provide a 50 per cent increase in moisture transfer compared tostandard polyesterOdour adsorption - Activated carbon embedded within the yarns and fibresabsorbs a wide range of odour molecules. Odours emanating from the wearer,inherent in the fabric, and present in the surrounding environment are attractedto and trapped within the pores of the carbon, to keep the clothing fresherlonger, and reducing the need for daily washing. Odour molecules are releasedand the carbon renewed when the fabric is washed and driedDurable - Cocona
®
performance is permanently embedded in the yarn and willnot wash out. Cocona
®
clothing lasts longer than items made from other organicfabrics such as pure cotton or bambooComfort - Clothes made using Cocona
®
yarn are available in all weights for itemsthat feel softer, stay fresher, and wear more comfortably than other fabrics
Environmental benefits of coconut shell fibre
Cocona
®
technology utilises recycled coconut shells that would have gone tolandfills. Suppliers convert the coconut shells into activated carbon, primarily forthe air and water filtration industries. Cocona
®
uses the particles that are toosmall to use in water and air filters, apply their processes and then combine itwith other fabrics. While this is not a completely “green” process it is muchbetter than using chemicals to treat the materials.
 Applications of coconut shell fibre
Apparel made from the fibre helps spread and evaporate surface moisture rapidly,making it perfect for sportswear, undergarments, golf apparel and other activeapplications. Cocona
®
fibres are used in garments ranging from shirts, pants,shorts, outerwear, underwear, footwear, travel wear and tank tops.
MoistureManagement
OdourResistant
UVProtectionWashDurableWide comfortRangeActive NaturalParticles
Cocona - activated carbon
• Activated carbon is usually derived from charcoal.• Cocona is derived from coconut husk.• There are 20 billion coconuts produced annually.• Activated carbon has a huge surface area, and is highly porous.• One gram has a surface area of around 500 m
2
 /g or the size of two tennis courts.• It grabs stole odours through adsorption to its porous surface.• It uses evaporative cooling to move moisture (sweat) away from the skin.• Activated carbon also blocks out harmful UV radiation.• Carbon is activated either chemically or steam. It can be reactivated intumble drying.• The activated carbon finish is locked into the fibre polymer prior to spinning.
Garments made with Cocona
TM
fabric provide up to50UPF, 2.5x more protection than ordinary polyester!
UV Test
UV protection
Fig: Cocona
®
enhances the performance of above products largely
Antimicrobial/antibacterial fabrics Cocona
®
fabrics
Treatments wash out over time andCarbon is renewed during regularlose their effectivenessmachine wash and dry cycleNot effective against existing odoursOdour molecules are adsorbed onto(smoke odours, body odours, etc.)the surface of the activated carbonStrict government regulationsActivated carbon is free of all(FIFRA, EPA)government regulationsChemicals kill all bacteria; goodAll natural - activated carbon isand badmade from coconut shellsProducts vary in effectivenessAll fabrics are tested and certified
Comparison with antimicrobial/antibacterial fabrics
 
APPAREL VIEWS / 
JULY
2011
36
Conclusion
Nowadays everyone is becoming more environmentally aware, trying to becarbon neutral, buying organic, and minimising their impact on theenvironment. Using the active carbon is a new concept of using a naturaltechnology in order to give sport fabrics several new features without addingchemicals. By working innovatively and provide the market with new andexciting concept creates more business opportunities for retailers, whileallowing users to better clothes
Caring for coconut shell fibre
Cocona’s good features can never wash out from garment as these are naturalfeatures from the activated carbon. In fact, with every wash, the features ofgarment will be reactivated. It’s important not to use scented products aswell as softener as these clogs the pores. To achieve the highest performance,wash these garments over 40 degrees and use tumble drying. The drying timein a tumble drier decrease with 35 per cent with a Cocona
®
garment comparedto a similar material in polyester, this will save 22 per cent in energy. Ascompare to cotton or a bamboo product, a Cocona
®
product use 52 per centless energy to dry the garment.
Brands using coconut shell fibre for their products
Over 50 brands are utilising Cocona
®
fibres in sports and active wear includingEddie Bauer, Cutter & Buck, Izod, New Balance, Marmot, GoLite, Oakley, Patagoniaand Cannondale.
By Vasant R Kothari Assistant Professor, NIFT, Bangalore (Authorcan be contacted @ www.vasantkothari.com)
Productsmade fromCocona
®
fibre

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