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sm_ch07

# sm_ch07

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05/09/2014

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278
CHAPTER 7
Applications of the De\ufb01nite Integral in
Geometry, Science, and Engineering
EXERCISE SET 7.1
1.A=
\ue000
2
\u22121(x2 + 1\u2212x)dx = (x3/3 +x\u2212 x2 /2)\ue0012\u22121
= 9/ 2
2.A=
\ue000
4
0(\u221ax +x/4)dx = (2x3/2/3 +x2/8)\ue00140
= 22/3
3.A=
\ue000
2
1(y\u2212 1/y2)dy = (y2/2 + 1/y)\ue00121
= 1
4.A=
\ue000
2
0(2\u2212y2 +y)dy = (2y\u2212 y3 /3 +y2/2)\ue00120
= 10/3
5. (a)A=
\ue000
4
0(4x\u2212 x2)dx = 32/3
(b)A=
\ue000
16
0(\u221ay\u2212 y/4)dy = 32/3
5
1
(4, 16)
y= 4x
y= x2
x
y
(4, 4)
(1, -2)
x
y
y2= 4x
y= 2x\u2013 4
6.Eliminatex to gety2 = 4(y + 4)/2, y2\u2212 2y\u2212 8 = 0,
(y\u2212 4)(y + 2) = 0;y =\u22122, 4 with corresponding
values ofx = 1, 4.
(a)A=
\ue000
1
0[2\u221ax\u2212 (\u22122\u221ax)]dx +
\ue000
4
1[2\u221ax\u2212 (2x\u2212 4)]dx
=
\ue000
1
04\u221axdx +
\ue000
4
1(2\u221ax\u2212 2x + 4)dx = 8/3 + 19/3 = 9
(b)A=
\ue000
4
\u22122[(y/2 + 2)\u2212y2/4]dy = 9
Exercise Set 7.1
279
7.A=
\ue000
1
1/4(\u221ax\u2212 x2)dx = 49/192
14
(1, 1)
x
y
y= x2
y=\u221ax
8.A=
\ue000
2
0[0\u2212 (x3\u2212 4x)]dx
=
\ue000
2
0(4x\u2212 x3)dx = 4
2
x
y
y= 2x3\u2013 4x
9.A=
\ue000
\u03c0/2
\u03c0/4(0\u2212 cos 2x)dx
=\u2212
\ue000
\u03c0/2
\u03c0/4cos 2x dx = 1/2
3
6
-1
1
x
y
y = cos 2 x
10.Equate sec2x and 2 to get sec2x = 2,
1
2
x
y
y = sec2 x
(#, 2)
(3, 2)
secx =\u00b1\u221a2,x =\u00b1\u03c0/4
A=
\ue000
\u03c0/4
\u2212\u03c0/4(2\u2212 sec2x)dx =\u03c0\u2212 2
11.A=
\ue000
3\u03c0/4
\u03c0/4
siny dy =\u221a2
3
9
x
y
x = sin y
(2, 4)
(\u20131, 1)
x
y
y= x2
x= y\u2013 2
12.A=
\ue000
2
\u22121[(x + 2)\u2212x2]dx = 9/2
280
Chapter 7
13.A=
\ue000
ln 2
0
\ue002
e2x\u2212ex
\ue003
dx
=
\ue004
12e2x\u2212ex
\ue005
\ue006ln 2
0
= 1/ 2
24
x
y
ln 2
y= e2x
y= ex
14.A=
\ue000
e
1
dy
y= lny
\ue007e1= 1
1/e
1
1e
x
y
15.A=
\ue000
1
\u22121
\ue004
2
1+x2\u2212 |x|\ue005
dx
= 2
\ue000
1
0
\ue004
2
1+x2\u2212x\ue005
dx
= 4 tan\u22121x\u2212 x2
\ue00110
=\u03c0\u2212 1
-1
1
12
x
y
16.
1
\u221a1\u2212x2= 2,x =\u00b1\u221a3
2, so
A=
\ue000
\u221a3/2
\u2212\u221a3/2
\ue004
2\u2212
1
\u221a1\u2212x2
\ue005
dx
= 2\u2212 sin\u22121x\ue001\u221a3/2
\u2212\u221a3/2
= 2\u221a 3\u221223\u03c0
0.5
1
1.52
x
y
23
-
231 -x2
1
y=y= 2
(\u20135, 8)
(5, 6)
y= 3\u2013 x
y= 1+ x
y= \u2013 x+ 7
15
x
y
17.y= 2+|x\u22121|=
\ue008
3\u2212x, x \u2264 1
1+x, x\u2265 1,
A=
\ue000
1
\u22125
\ue009\ue004\u22121
5x+7\ue005
\u2212(3 \u2212x)\ue001
dx
+
\ue000
5
1
\ue009\ue004\u22121
5x+7\ue005
\u2212(1 +x)\ue001
dx
=
\ue000
1
\u22125
\ue004
45x+4\ue005
dx+
\ue000
5
1
\ue004
6\u221265x\ue005
dx
= 72/5 + 48/5 = 24