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Rabies Group 5

Rabies Group 5

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Published by Roy Belen

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Published by: Roy Belen on Sep 29, 2011
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08/24/2014

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RABIES
 
Group 5
 
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________
1.
 
What is rabies? (DEFINITION)
Rabies From Latin: rabies, "
madness “it 
is a viral disease that causes acuteencephalitis (inflammation of the brain) in warm-blooded animals.
 
It is zootonic(i.e., transmitted by animals), most commonly by a bite from an infected animal. Fora human, rabies is almost invariably fatal if post 
exposure prophylaxis is not administered prior to the onset of severe symptoms. The rabies virus infects thecentral nervous system, ultimately causing disease in the brain and death.
2.
 
What is rabies? (ETIOLOGY)
It is caused by the RABIES VIRUS, a rhabdovirus of the genusLyssavirus, from thefamilyRhabdoviridae.
The Rabies Virus
RV
a neurotropic filterable virus present in the saliva of rabid animals. It has a preferrence for nerve tissues.A rhabdovirus of the genus lyssavirus.
RHABDO:
from Greek 
rhabdos
, "rod“
 
LYSSA:
Greek 
frenzy, rage, fury, caninemadnessThis is a photograph of thevirus under electron microscope
 
3.
 
Incubation period
 - The interval between exposure to infection and the appearance of the first symptom
1. One week to seven and a half months in dogs.2. It is usually 2-8 weeks. It may be as short as 4 days or as long as 2 years in human.3. Incubation period depends upon the following factors:a. Distance of the bite to the brainb. Extensiveness of the bitec. Specie of the animald. Richness of the nerve supply in the area of thee. Resistance of the hostThe virus moves along nerve axons passively about 3 millimeters per hour. It isnot known how the virus remains viable or where it is located during prolongedincubation period.
Stages of Rabies Infection
4.
 
Signs and Symptoms
How do you know if an animal has rabies?
 
Animals with rabies may act differently from healthy animals.
 
Some signs of rabies in animals are:
Rabies virusEntry intothe bodyINCUBATI0N PERIOD
 
(20
90 days)
 
INVASION(0
10 days)PARALYTIC
 
EXCITEMENT(2
7 days)COMA
 (5
 – 
14 days)
Death
 
 
changes in an animal’s behaviour
 
general sickness (fever, restlessness)
 
problems swallowing
 
increased drooling
 
aggression (biting at inanimate objects, aimless running)
 
Wild animals may move slowly or may act as if they are tame. Some wild animals(foxes, raccoons, and skunks) that normally avoid porcupines, may even try tobite these prickly rodents.
 
A pet that is usually friendly may snap at you or may try to bite.
How do you know if a man has rabies?
 
Aerophobia
 
Hydrophobia
 
Sensory change on or near Delirium
 
Insomnia
 
Fever Convulsions
 
Laryngeal spasm
 
Salivation or foaming of the mouth
 
Sense of apprehension, anxiety, irritability
 
Acute attack: fever, muscle twitching, hyperventilation and excesssalivation
 
Headache
 
ssore throat 
The usual duration is 2-6 days without medical intervention. Death is often due to convulsion orrespiratory paralysis.
5.
 
Prevention
How can I prevent rabies?
 
Vaccinate your dogs and cats against rabies.
 
Keep your pets under supervision.

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