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iran-navy

iran-navy

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Published by Arthur Barie

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Published by: Arthur Barie on Sep 29, 2011
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02/28/2014

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Table
of
Contents
Chapter
One:
History
of
Iran's
Naval Forces
and
the
hnportance
of
the
Strait
of
HorlIluz
.........................................................................................................................
1
Brief History
of
Iran
's
Naval
Forces ............................................................................................. 1
Importance
of
the
Strait of Hormuz
............................................................................................ 2
Chapter
Two:
Iranian
Naval
Strategy
........................................................................
6
Historical
Context
........................................................................................................................ 6
Preparing
for
an
Asymmetric War
.............................................................................................. 7Passive Defense ...................................................................................................................... 8
Decentralization
.................................................................................................................. 9Destabilization ....................................................................................................................... 9
Capitalizing
on
Favorable
Geography
.................................................................................. 9
The Moral
Component
....................................................................................................... 10Political
Victory
Trumps
Military Victory
........................................................................... 10
Naval
Reorganization-Increasing
Effectiveness ........................................................................
11
Chapter
Three:
Procurelll.ent
and
Acquisition
Trends
..............................................
13
Self-Sufficiency ..........................................................................................................................
13
Smaller, Faster,More
Numerous
Vessels .....................................................................................
13
Iranian
Mines
............................................................................................................................... 16
Coastal
Defense
Cruise
Missiles .................................................................................................. 16
Torpedoes
.....................................................................................................................................
17
Submarines
...................................................................................................................................
17
KILO
.....................................................................................................................................
17
YONO
...................................................................................................................................
18
NAHANG
.............................................................................................................................
18
Iranian
Air
Defense ...................................................................................................................... 19
Chapter
Four:
Operations
and
Readiness
..................................................................
20
Patrols ...........................................................................................................................................
20
Exercises .......................................................................................................................................
21
Training
........................................................................................................................................
21
Dispersals .....................................................................................................................................
21
Intelligence,Surveillance,
and
Reconnaissance
(ISR) ................................................................ 22
IRGCN
Small
Boat
Tactics ......................................................................................................... 22
Small
Boat
Warfare:
Advantages
and
Disadvantages ........................................................... 23
IRGCN
Small
Boat
Employment
......................................................................................... 23
Chapter
Five:
Outlook
.................................................................................................
24
Submarines
................................................................................................................................... 24Surface Ships ................................................................................................................................ 24
Weapons
....................................................................................................................................... 25
Changes
in
Strategy
..................................................................................................................... 25Conclusion ....................................................................................................................................
26
 
ChapterOne
History
of
Iran's
Naval
Forces
and
the
Importance of
the Strait
of
Hormuz
BriefHistory
of Iran's
NavalForces
Iran'snaval
forces,
like
thecountry
itself,
have
been shaped
by
the
Islamic revolution,
petro
leum,
and an
often
adversarial relationship
with
neighboring countries
and
the interna
tional
community
as
a
whole.
These
factors
have influenced how
Iran's
naval
forces
are
or
ganized, how
theyare
equipped
and
manned,and
how
they interact with external
forces.
Iran
has two
naval
forces:
the
Islamic
Republic
ofIran
Navy,
or
IRIN,
and the
Islamic
Revolutionary
Guard
Corps
Navy,
or IRGCN.
The IRIN
is
the
naval branch
ofIran's
Artesh,the
traditionalmilitary
force
that
existed
priorto
the
1979
revolution.
This
force
was
the
former
Shah'sImperial
Iranian
Navy
and
was originally designed
to
be
a
blue-water
force
capable
of
demonstrating
the
power
and
prestige
ofthe
Shah's
Iran.
Today,
it
consists
mainly of
older,
mid-sized
naval
combatants,such
as
corvettes
and
missile-equipped
patrolcraft purchased
by the Shah
from westernnations,including
the United
States,
theUnited
Kingdom,
and
France.
TheIRIN
has not
fully
escaped
the stigma
of
its
pre
revolution
loyalties
and
remains secondary
in
most
respects
tothe
IRGCN.
The
IRGCN
emerged after
the
Islamic
revolution
during
the Iran-Iraq
War
in
the
1980s.
The
revolutionary
forces
not
onlydistrusted
the
former Shah's military,
they
1
greatlyweakened
it by
executing
many
senior
commanders
and
conductingpurges to
rid
it
of
any
loyalists
tothe Shah.
This
allowed
the
IslamicRevolutionary
Guard
Corps
(IRGC)-the
Ayatollah Khomeini's base
of
revolutionaries
turned
paramilitary internal
security
force-to
take
on
a
larger
role
in
the
country's
defense.
In
addition
totheoriginal ground
forces
element,
the
IRGC
also
formalized
an
emerging
naval component
in
the
mid-1980s,
following
successful
amphibiousoperations
inthe
southern marshlands
of
Iraq.
Over
the
intervening decades,
the
IRGCN
has
been
politically favored over
the
IRIN
and
hascapitalized
on
this
status
to acquire
advancedweaponry
and
better
platforms
to
develop
additional
capabilities.
Iran's
British-Illade VOSPER-class
corvette,
a
reIllnant
of
he
Shah's navy
Unlike
many
countries,
Iran
does
not
have
a
long
naval
history.
The
development
of
Iran's
naval
forces
was
kick-started
by
the
discovery
of
Iran's
petroleum
deposits
in the
early 20
th
century
and
the
country's subsequent
needto

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