Angle probe DAC with side drilled hole block :
Side drilled hole blocks are widely used for plotting the DACcurve for weld testing. This method compares the reflectivity of aflaw with that of the tangential area of the horizontal hole at therelevant test distance and is thus echo amplitude dependent whenassessing flaw acceptability. These blocks contain one inch or moredeep drilled hole, with the hole axis parallel to the scanningsurface and perpendicular to the edge.The side of the holereflects ultrasound energy incident at any angle.The diameter of the hole normally increases with block thickness. A 1.6 mmdiameter reference hole provides good test sensitivity for most of the weld testing applications.Depending on the block thicknessT,holes are drilled at1/4 T,1/2 T, 3/4 Ton the edge of the block.Plotting the DAC curve : A block is selectedwhose thickness[
]most closely matchesthepart thickness[equal to or within 10% oftest thickness]andcontains the hole, specified in thetest procedure in use.The maximized signal from the hole which produces shortestbeam path,[Pos 1 or 2] isset to 80 % screen height.The probeshould be at leastone half inch awayfrom the edgeof the blockto avoid corner effect. The peak of the signal is marked on theface of the CRT screen. Without changing the gain control,maximized signals from other positions [ Pos 2, 3, 4 ] are markedand a curve is drawn through all these marks to complete theDAC curve.A 50 % curve is also drawn by 6 dB reduction method.Minimum three signal peaks are required to plot the DAC.For a 1/4 T hole, signal from position 2 should be preferred asthe first reference point of the DAC curve. If the weld crown isground flush and the probe can move over the weld surface,signal from position 1 maybe used as the first reference point. Inangle beam testing of unground welds, the sound beam enters theweld zone after traveling a certain distance in the test materialand depends on the location of the exit pointon the probe body.The DAC curve level falls sharply for higher frequency miniature[
10 mm ] probes.Flaws producing,> 100% DAC signal is normally rejected or acertain length is permitted by the code. Acertain length is alsopermitted, for 50 % or more DAC signals. These signals are to berecorded in the report for future reference.For ASME pressure vessels, > 20 % DAC signals are to beevaluated for crack, lack offusion and lack of penetration.Thesedefects are not acceptable regardless of echo amplitude.Important :
The sound attenuation, surface condition and contact areaof the block should be similar to the test part.
If possible, the block is to be prepared from the testmaterial itself.
Transfer correction of the reference test sensitivity will berequired if the block is different from the test material.
It is preferable to setup the test sensitivity on a blockequal in thickness to the test part. This will produce aDAC curve with sufficient test length and internalreflections similar to the test part. Thickness difference of 10 % is acceptable.
The DAC curve [ level ] must be at least 20 % screenheight up to the full test distance. If required more thanone curve should be plotted for flaw evaluation.Side drilled hole block thickness and holesize in inches for weld testing as per ASME Sec V.plateblockholeholethk, Tthksizelocationup to 1T or 3 / 43 / 321/4, 1/2, 3/4T>1 to 2T or 1.51 / 8“>2 to 4T or 33 / 16“>4 to 6T or 51 / 4“>6 to 8T or 75 / 16“>8 to 10T or 93 / 8“