believes that it is necessary to further strengthen its status. If the CRC and its two optionalprotocols would be incorporated as a whole into the Swedish legislation, their principles andprovisions could be directly invoked before the courts and applied by national authorities. Thiswould also promote a holistic approach of children and child protection engaging different actorsinvolved in protecting children’s rights. Despite the reforms in the Swedish legislation, thetransformation of different laws in Sweden is still needed in order to ensure that all relevantdomestic legislation is brought into compliance with these international provisions.
Questions and suggestions for recommendations from UNICEF Sweden to the Committee to theSwedish Government
Why is the Swedish Government still reluctant to fully incorporate the CRC and its optional protocolsinto the Swedish legislation?
We encourage the Swedish Government to incorporate the CRC and its optional protocols intothe Swedish legislation, as has been recommended by the Committee in previous reports. Thiswould imply a need to consider the CRC not only article by article, but also holistically,recognizing the interdependence and indivisibility of children’s human rights. This would alsoenable the Government to better fulfil its obligations stipulated in the CRC. A transformation of different laws is still needed to ensure that all relevant domestic legislation is brought intocompliance with the CRC.
V. Prevention and detection
Article 9.1- Prevention programmes
Collect and disseminate knowledge
UNICEF Sweden notes that improvements have been made regarding the dissemination of knowledge about sexual exploitation of children to relevant professional groups such as the police.We would nevertheless like to reiterate the deficiencies that exist with respect to inter-agencycollaboration and competence on children’s needs and rights. In order to detect children who areexploited in human trafficking, knowledge that these children seldom view themselves as victims of human trafficking is required. As we have stated in our previous report to the Committee onSweden’s implementation of the CRC in 2007, many children are in a relationship of dependency tothe human traffickers and see no alternative but to be loyal to them. These children do veryseldom, if at all, talk about their situation or ask for help. Appropriate legal powers and resourcesfor the agencies concerned are strongly needed.
New legislation on adults’ contacts with children for sexual purposes (grooming)
UNICEF Sweden welcomes the adoption of a new crime on adults’ contacts with children for sexualpurposes called
contact with children for a sexual purpose
, targeted on contacts with childrenthrough the Internet. These contacts make sexual abuse possible during meetings with the child.The aim is that this provision will further strengthen the protection for children against sexualabuse over the Internet.V. Prohibition and related matters (articles 3; 4, paragraphs 2 and 3, 4, 6 and 7)