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4-B Process Capability

4-B Process Capability

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Published by: api-3709921 on Oct 15, 2008
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03/18/2014

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TQM - Capability Analysis - Histogram
Irfan Rashid Farooqui
1
Irfan Rashid Farooqui

Process
Capability
Analysis
(Histogram)

Irfan Rashid Farooqui
Normality and Customer
specifications
\u2022 We have studied that the data should be
normally distributed.
\u2022 Lets place supplier specification limits on
normally distributed histogram.

\u2022 Next chart shows Histogram of soft drink
filled in 250 ml bottles. It is a normally
distribution.

Irfan Rashid Farooqui
254
252
250
248
246
Medi an
Mean
250.2
250.1
250.0
249.9
249.8
Anderson-Darling Normality Test
V ariance
5.97
Skew ness
-0.00000
Kurtosis
-1.07147
N
690
Minimum
246.00
A -Squared
1st Quartile
248.00
Median
250.00
3rd Quartile
252.00
Maximum
254.00
95% Confidence I nterv al for Mean
249.82
9.66
250.18
95% Confidence I nterv al for Median
250.00
250.00
95% Confidence I nterv al for StDev
2.32
2.58
P-Value <
0.005
Mean
250.00
StDev
2.44
95% Confidence Intervals
Summary for Soft drink filled (ml)
Irfan Rashid Farooqui
Control Limits
\u2022 Suppose the supplier requirements were 250
+ & - 2 ml
\u2022 Putting limits on histogram shows liquid in
some bottles is out of specification limits.
\u2022 We calculate weather a process is capable
of meeting customer specifications or not?
TQM - Capability Analysis - Histogram
Irfan Rashid Farooqui
2
Irfan Rashid Farooqui
254
252
250
248
246
Medi an
Mean
250.2
250.1
250.0
249.9
249.8
Anderson-Darling Normality Test
V ariance
5.97
Skew ness
-0.00000
Kurtosis
-1.07147
N
690
Minimum
246.00
A -Squared
1st Quartile
248.00
Median
250.00
3rd Quartile
252.00
Maximum
254.00
95% Confidence I nterv al for Mean
249.82
9.66
250.18
95% Confidence I nterv al for Median
250.00
250.00
95% Confidence I nterv al for StDev
2.32
2.58
P-Value <
0.005
Mean
250.00
StDev
2.44
95% Confidence Intervals
Summary for Soft drink filled (ml)
Irfan Rashid Farooqui
== Deviation
=
=
4.00
14.64
Standard
0.27
2.44
6 X 2.44
52 - 48
PROCESS CAPABILITY
Cp
=
USL - LSL
6
Irfan Rashid Farooqui
USL - X
X - LSL
Smaller of the two values
3
3
OR
3 X 3.11
252 - 250
2
9.33
250-248
3 X 8.23
2
9.33
0.21
0.21
===
===
Cpk =
=
Process Capability Index
Irfan Rashid Farooqui
Measure capability

\u2022 If Cp or Cpk < 1, process not capable.
\u2022 If Cp or Cpk = 1, process tightly capable.
\u2022 If Cp or Cpk > 1.33 process is capable.

Best if Cp or Cpk = 2

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