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Army Construction Manual FM5 430 Vol1 Entire

Army Construction Manual FM5 430 Vol1 Entire

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Field
Manual
No.
5-430-00-1
Air Force
Joint
Pamphlet
No.
32-8013.
Vol I
·FM 5-430-00-1
·AFJPAM
32-8013.
Vol
I
Headquarters
Department of the
..
A~1'1nY
Department
of
the
Air
ForceWashIngton.
DC.
26 August
1994
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IN
THE THEATER OF
OPERATIONS-ROAD
DESIGNTABLE OF CONTENTS
Volume
I
Page
PREFACE
....................................................................
vCHAPTER 1. GENERAL INFORMATION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
..
1-1
General
Information.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
..
1-1
Basic
PlanningConsiderations
In
theTheater
of
Operations.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
..
1-1Airfield
Construction
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
..
1-2
Road
Construction
.......................................................
,
1-2
Engineering
Study
........................................................
1-3
CHAPTER 2. SITE
SELECTION AND RECONNAISSANCE
............................
2-1
Location
Factors.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-1
Reconnaissa.'t')ce
.....
,
.....................................................
2-5
Route
and
Road
Reconnaissance.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-11
Engineer Reconnaissance.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-14
Airfield
Reconnaissance
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-14
CHAPTER
3.
SURVEYS AND EARTHWORK OPERATIONS
...........................
3-1
Construction
Surveys
......................................................
3-1
Construction
Stakes
.......................................................
3-3
The Mass
Diagram
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-19
DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION:
Approved for
public
release;
distribution
Is
unlimited.
"'This pubiication together with FM 5-430-00-2iAFJpAM 32-8013, Voi Il, 29 September1994 supersedes FM 5-165/AFR
86-13,29
August 1975, FM
5-335,2
December 1985 and
TM
5-330/AFM 83-6,
Voll,
8
September 1968.
/
 
FM
5-430-00-lIAFJPAM 32-8013,
Vol
I
CHAPTER
4.
CLEARING. GRUBBING. AND STRIPPING
.............................
4-1
Forest
Types
and
Environmental Conditions
...................................
4-1
Preparation
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-
2
Clearing Considerations.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-4
Performance Techniques
...................................................
4-6
CHAPTER
5.
SUBGRADES
AND
BASECOURSES
.................................
5-1Design
Considerations
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-
1
Subgrades
...............................................................
5-4
Select Materials
and Subbase Courses
........................................
5-8
Base
Course
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
..
5-10
CHAPTER
6.
DRAINAGE
......................................................
6-1
SECTION
I.
ConstructionDrainage
..........................................
6-1Preliminary
Measures
......................................................
6-1
Drainage
Hydrology
.......................................................
6-4
The
Hydrograph
..........................................................
6-9Drainage-System
Design
..................................................
6-11Design Proced
ures
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-
11
Estimating
Runoff Using
the
Rational
Method
.................................
6-22
SECTION
Il.
Open-Channel
Design
.........................................
6-38
Design
Factors
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-38
Design
Considerations
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-45
Design
Techniques
.......................................................
6-46
SECTION
Ill.
Culverts
....................................................
6-59CulvertTypes
and
Designs
................................................
6-59Ponding Areas
...........................................................
6-84
Drop
Inlets
and
Gratings
..................................................
6-89
Subsurface
Drainage
.....................................................
6-92
SECTION
IV.
Surface Drainage
Design
in
Arctic
and
Subarctic
Regions
...........
6-102
Fords.
Dips.
Causeways.
and
Bridges.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-107
Erosion Control
........................................................
6-114
Nonuse
Areas
and
Open
Channels
.........................................
6-115Culvert
Outlets
.........................................................
6-124
CHAPTER
7.
SOILS
TRAFFICABILITY
...........................................
7-1
Basic Trafficability
Factors
.................................................
7-2
Critical Layer
............................................................
7-3
Instrumentsand
Tests
for
Trafficability
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-3Measuring
Trafficabil1ty
....................................................
7-5
Application of
Trafficability
Procedures
in
Fine-GrainedSoils
and
Remoldable
Sands
..............................................
7-11
 
FM
5-430-00-1/AFJPAM 32-8013,
Vol
I
Self-Propelled.
Tracked
Vehicles
and
AIl-Wheel-Drive
Vehicles
NegotiatingSlopes
...............................................
7-11
Operation
In
Coarse-Grained
Soils
..........................................
7~26
Trafflcab1l1ty
Data
........................................................
·/~"L
I
Soil~
Traffic
ab
li
y
Classification
.............................................
7
~36
CHAPTER
8.
MAINTENANCE. REPAIR. AND REHABILITATION
OF
ROADS. AIRFIELDS. AND
HELIPORTS
........................................
8-1
Maintenance
and
Repair
Considerations.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-1
Maintenance
and
Repair Operations
.............................
,
........
, , , .
8-2
Road
Maintenance
........................................................
8-9
Airfield
and
Heliport
Maintenance.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-17
CHAPTER
9.
ROAD
DESIGN.
"
..............
"
.,
.............................
9-1Geometric
Design
.........................................................
9-1Vertical
Alignment
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9~
18
Structurai
Design
........................................................
9~27
Spray
Applications
and
Expedient-Surfaced
Roads
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9-30
Use
of
Polymer
Cells
(Sand
Grid)
toBuildRoads
in
Sandy
Soils
..................................................
.
Surface
Treatments
....................................................
.
Construction
Methods
..................................................
.
General
Road
Structural
Design
..........................................
.
Volume
11
9-36
9-41
9~49
9-58
CP~ER
10.
PRELlrv1It~ARY
PLA..L'Ji~ING
........................
••••••••••••••
10-1
Mission
Assignment
......................................................
10-1
Classification
............................................................
10-5
Construction
............................................................
10-8
CHAPTER
11.
AIRCRAFT CHARACTERISTICS AND AIRFIELD
DESIGN
................
11-1
Aircraft
Characteristics
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
..
11-1
Correlation
of
Army
and
Air Force
Terminology
..............................
"
11-1
Airfield
Design
........................................................
"
11-6
Aidsto Navigation
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
..
11-31
Special
Airfields
........................................................
11-50
CHAPTER 12. AIRFIELD PAVEMENT
DESIGN
....................................
12-1
Airfield
Structure
1'ype
....................................................
12-1
Expedient-Surfaced
Airfields
.......................
, , , , , ,
....
, . . . . . . . . . . .
..
12-8
Aggregate-Surfaced
Airfields
..............................................
12-22
Flexible-
Pavement
Airfields
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
..
12-35Special Design
Considerations.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12-43
Evaluation
of
Airfield
Pavements
...........................................
12-50Pavement
and
Airfield
Classification
Numbers
................................
12-61
III

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