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P. 1
Mach Vdk Dem San Pham

Mach Vdk Dem San Pham

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Published by api-3705174

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Published by: api-3705174 on Oct 15, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Lua\u00e4n va\u00ean to\u00e1t nghie\u00e4p
Trang 1
PHA\u00c0N I
LY\u00d9 THUYE\u00c1T
CH\u00d6\u00d4NG I DA\u00c3N NHA\u00c4P
I. \u00d1A\u00cbT VA\u00c1N \u00d1E\u00c0:

Nga\u00f8y nay cu\u00f8ng v\u00f4\u00f9i s\u00f6\u00ef pha\u00f9t trie\u00e5n cu\u00fba ca\u00f9c nga\u00f8nh khoa ho\u00efc ky\u00f5 thua\u00e4t, ky\u00f5 thua\u00e4t \u00f1ie\u00e4n t\u00f6\u00fb ma\u00f8trong \u00f1o\u00f9 la\u00f8 ky\u00f5 thua\u00e4t so\u00e1 \u00f1o\u00f9ng vai tro\u00f8 quan tro\u00efng trong mo\u00efi l\u00f3nh v\u00f6\u00efc khoa ho\u00efc ky\u00f5 thua\u00e4t, qua\u00fbn l\u00ed, co\u00e2ng nghie\u00e4p t\u00f6\u00ef \u00f1o\u00e4ng ho\u00f9a, cung ca\u00e1p tho\u00e2ng tin\u2026. do \u00f1o\u00f9 chu\u00f9ng ta pha\u00fbi na\u00e9m ba\u00e9t va\u00f8 va\u00e4n du\u00efng no\u00f9 mo\u00e4t ca\u00f9ch co\u00f9 hie\u00e4u qua\u00fb nha\u00e8m go\u00f9p pha\u00e0n va\u00f8o s\u00f6\u00ef pha\u00f9t trie\u00e5n ne\u00e0n khoa ho\u00efc ky\u00f5 thua\u00e4t the\u00e1 gi\u00f4\u00f9i no\u00f9i chung va\u00f8 trong s\u00f6\u00ef pha\u00f9t trie\u00e5n ky\u00f5 thua\u00e4t \u00f1ie\u00e4n t\u00f6\u00fb no\u00f9i rie\u00e2ng.

Xua\u00e1t pha\u00f9t t\u00f6\u00f8 nh\u00f6\u00f5ng \u00f1\u00f4\u00eft \u00f1i th\u00f6\u00efc ta\u00e4p to\u00e1t nghie\u00e4p ta\u00efi nha\u00f8 ma\u00f9y va\u00f8 tham quan ca\u00f9c doanh nghie\u00e4p sa\u00fbn xua\u00e1t, chu\u00f9ng em \u00f1a\u00f5 \u00f1\u00f6\u00f4\u00efc tha\u00e1y nhie\u00e0u kha\u00e2u \u00f1\u00f6\u00f4\u00efc t\u00f6\u00ef \u00f1o\u00e4ng ho\u00f9a trong qua\u00f9 tr\u00ecnh sa\u00fbn xua\u00e1t. Mo\u00e4t trong nh\u00f6\u00f5ng kha\u00e2u \u00f1\u00f4n gia\u00fbn trong da\u00e2y chuye\u00e0n sa\u00fbn xua\u00e1t t\u00f6\u00ef \u00f1o\u00e4ng ho\u00f9a \u00f1o\u00f9 la\u00f8 so\u00e1 l\u00f6\u00f4\u00efng sa\u00fbn pha\u00e5m la\u00f8m ra \u00f1\u00f6\u00f4\u00efc \u00f1e\u00e1m mo\u00e4t ca\u00f9ch t\u00f6\u00ef \u00f1o\u00e4ng.

Tuy nhie\u00e2n \u00f1o\u00e1i v\u00f4\u00f9i nh\u00f6\u00f5ng doanh nghie\u00e4p v\u00f6\u00f8a va\u00f8 nho\u00fb th\u00ec vie\u00e4c t\u00f6\u00ef \u00f1o\u00e4ng ho\u00f9a hoa\u00f8n toa\u00f8n ch\u00f6a \u00f1\u00f6\u00f4\u00efc a\u00f9p du\u00efng trong nh\u00f6\u00f5ng kha\u00e2u \u00f1e\u00e1m sa\u00fbn pha\u00e5m, \u00f1o\u00f9ng bao b\u00ec ma\u00f8 va\u00e3n co\u00f8n s\u00f6\u00fb du\u00efng nha\u00e2n co\u00e2ng.

T\u00f6\u00f8 nh\u00f6\u00f5ng \u00f1ie\u00e0u \u00f1a\u00f5 \u00f1\u00f6\u00f4\u00efc tha\u00e1y \u00f1o\u00f9 va\u00f8 kha\u00fb na\u00eang cu\u00fba chu\u00f9ng em, chu\u00f9ng em muo\u00e1n la\u00f8m mo\u00e4t \u00f1ie\u00e0u g\u00ec nho\u00fb \u00f1e\u00e5 go\u00f9p pha\u00e0n va\u00f8o giu\u00f9p ng\u00f6\u00f4\u00f8i lao \u00f1o\u00e4ng b\u00f4\u00f9t pha\u00e0n me\u00e4t nho\u00efc cha\u00e2n tay ma\u00f8 cho phe\u00f9p ta\u00eang hie\u00e4u sua\u00e1t lao \u00f1o\u00e4ng le\u00e2n ga\u00e1p nhie\u00e0u la\u00e0n, \u00f1o\u00e0ng th\u00f4\u00f8i \u00f1a\u00fbm ba\u00fbo \u00f1\u00f6\u00f4\u00efc \u00f1o\u00e4 ch\u00ednh xa\u00f9c cao. Ne\u00e2n chu\u00f9ng em quye\u00e1t \u00f1\u00f2nh thie\u00e1t ke\u00e1 mo\u00e4t ma\u00efch \u00f1e\u00e1m sa\u00fbn pha\u00e5m v\u00ec no\u00f9 ra\u00e1t ga\u00e0n gu\u00f5i v\u00f4\u00f9i th\u00f6\u00efc te\u00e1 va\u00f8 no\u00f9 tha\u00e4t s\u00f6\u00ef ra\u00e1t co\u00f9 y\u00f9 ngh\u00f3a \u00f1o\u00e1i v\u00f4\u00f9i chu\u00f9ng em v\u00ec \u00f1a\u00f5 la\u00f8m \u00f1\u00f6\u00f4\u00efc mo\u00e4t pha\u00e0n nho\u00fb \u00f1o\u00f9ng go\u00f9p cho xa\u00f5 ho\u00e4i.\u00d1e\u00e5 la\u00f8m \u00f1\u00f6\u00f4\u00efc ma\u00efch na\u00f8y ca\u00e0n thie\u00e1t ke\u00e1 \u00f1\u00f6\u00f4\u00efc hai pha\u00e0n ch\u00ednh

la\u00f8: bo\u00e4 pha\u00e4n ca\u00fbm bie\u00e1n va\u00f8 bo\u00e4 pha\u00e4n \u00f1e\u00e1m.
* Bo\u00e4 pha\u00e4n ca\u00fbm bie\u00e1n: go\u00e0m pha\u00e0n pha\u00f9t va\u00f8 pha\u00e0n thu.

Tho\u00e2ng th\u00f6\u00f4\u00f8ng ng\u00f6\u00f4\u00f8i ta s\u00f6\u00fb du\u00efng pha\u00e0n pha\u00f9t la\u00f8 led ho\u00e0ng ngoa\u00efi \u00f1e\u00e5 pha\u00f9t ra a\u00f9nh sa\u00f9ng ho\u00e0ng ngoa\u00efi mu\u00efc \u00f1\u00edch \u00f1e\u00e5 cho\u00e1ng nhie\u00e3u so v\u00f4\u00f9i ca\u00f9c loa\u00efi a\u00f9nh sa\u00f9ng kha\u00f9c, co\u00f8n pha\u00e0n thu la\u00f8 transistor quang \u00f1e\u00e5 thu a\u00f9nh sa\u00f9ng ho\u00e0ng ngoa\u00efi.

* Bo\u00e4 pha\u00e4n \u00f1e\u00e1m co\u00f9 nhie\u00e0u ph\u00f6\u00f4ng pha\u00f9p th\u00f6\u00efc thi \u00f1o\u00f9 la:\u00f8
-La\u00e9p ma\u00efch du\u00f8ng ky\u00f5 thua\u00e4t so\u00e1 v\u00f4\u00f9i ca\u00f9c IC \u00f1e\u00e1m, cho\u00e1t, so

sa\u00f9nh ghe\u00f9p la\u00efi
-La\u00e9p ma\u00efch du\u00f8ng ky\u00f5 thua\u00e4t vi x\u00f6\u00fb l\u00ed
-La\u00e9p ma\u00efch du\u00f8ng ky\u00f5 thua\u00e4t vi \u00f1ie\u00e0u khie\u00e5n

II. CHO\u00cfN PH\u00d6\u00d4NG A\u00d9N THIE\u00c1T KE\u00c1:
1. V\u00f4\u00f9i ma\u00efch \u00f1e\u00e1m sa\u00fbn pha\u00e5m du\u00f8ng IC r\u00f4\u00f8i co\u00f9:

Ca\u00f9c \u00f6u \u00f1ie\u00e5m sau:
-Cho phe\u00f9p ta\u00eang hie\u00e4u sua\u00e1t lao \u00f1o\u00e4ng
-\u00d1a\u00fbm ba\u00fbo \u00f1o\u00e4 ch\u00ednh xa\u00f9c cao

GVHD Nguye\u00e3n Vie\u00e4t Hu\u00f8ng
Lua\u00e4n va\u00ean to\u00e1t nghie\u00e4p
Trang 2
-Ta\u00e0n so\u00e1 \u00f1a\u00f9p \u00f6\u00f9ng cu\u00fba ma\u00efch nhanh, cho phe\u00f9p \u00f1e\u00e1m v\u00f4\u00f9i ta\u00e0n
so\u00e1 cao
-Khoa\u00fbng ca\u00f9ch \u00f1a\u00ebt pha\u00e0n pha\u00f9t va\u00f8 pha\u00e0n thu xa nhau cho
phe\u00f9p \u00f1e\u00e1m nh\u00f6\u00f5ng sa\u00fbn pha\u00e5m l\u00f4\u00f9n.
-To\u00e5n hao co\u00e2ng sua\u00e1t be\u00f9, ma\u00efch co\u00f9 the\u00e5 s\u00f6\u00fb du\u00efng pin hoa\u00ebc
-Kha\u00fb na\u00eang \u00f1e\u00e1m ro\u00e4ng
-Gia\u00f9 tha\u00f8nh ha\u00ef
-Ma\u00efch \u00f1\u00f4n gia\u00fbn de\u00e3 th\u00f6\u00efc hie\u00e4n

V\u00f4\u00f9i vie\u00e4c s\u00f6\u00fb du\u00efng ky\u00f5 thua\u00e4t so\u00e1 kho\u00f9 co\u00f9 the\u00e5 \u00f1a\u00f9p \u00f6\u00f9ng \u00f1\u00f6\u00f4\u00efc vie\u00e4c thay \u00f1o\u00e5i so\u00e1 \u00f1e\u00e1m. Muo\u00e1n thay \u00f1o\u00e5i mo\u00e4t ye\u00e2u ca\u00e0u na\u00f8o \u00f1o\u00f9 cu\u00fba ma\u00efch th\u00ec buo\u00e4c lo\u00f8ng pha\u00fbi thay \u00f1o\u00e5i pha\u00e0n c\u00f6\u00f9ng.Do \u00f1o\u00f9 mo\u00e3i la\u00e0n pha\u00fbi la\u00e9p la\u00efi ma\u00efch da\u00e3n \u00f1e\u00e1n to\u00e1n ke\u00f9m ve\u00e0 kinh te\u00e1 ma\u00f8 nhie\u00e0u khi ye\u00e2u ca\u00e0u \u00f1o\u00f9 kho\u00e2ng th\u00f6\u00efc hie\u00e4n \u00f1\u00f6\u00f4\u00efc ba\u00e8ng ph\u00f6\u00f4ng pha\u00f9p na\u00f8y.

V\u00f4\u00f9i s\u00f6\u00ef pha\u00f9t trie\u00e5n ma\u00efnh cu\u00fba ngha\u00f8nh ky\u00f5 thua\u00e4t so\u00e1 \u00f1a\u00ebc bie\u00e4t la\u00f8 cho ra \u00f1\u00f4\u00f8i ca\u00f9c ho\u00ef vi x\u00f6\u00fb l\u00ed va\u00f8 vi \u00f1ie\u00e0u khie\u00e5n ra\u00e1t \u00f1a ch\u00f6\u00f9c na\u00eang do \u00f1o\u00f9 vie\u00e4c du\u00f8ng ky\u00f5 thua\u00e4t vi x\u00f6\u00fb l\u00ed, ky\u00f5 thua\u00e4t vi \u00f1ie\u00e0u khie\u00e5n \u00f1a\u00f5 gia\u00fbi quye\u00e1t nh\u00f6\u00f5ng be\u00e1 ta\u00e9c va\u00f8 kinh te\u00e1 h\u00f4n ma\u00f8 ph\u00f6\u00f4ng pha\u00f9p du\u00f8ng IC r\u00f4\u00f8i ke\u00e1t no\u00e1i la\u00efi kho\u00e2ng th\u00f6\u00efc hie\u00e4n \u00f1\u00f6\u00f4\u00efc.

2. V\u00f4\u00f9i ma\u00efch \u00f1e\u00e1m sa\u00fbn pha\u00e5m du\u00f8ng ky\u00f5 thua\u00e4t vi x\u00f6\u00fb l\u00ed:

Ngoa\u00f8i nh\u00f6\u00f5ng \u00f6u \u00f1ie\u00e5m nh\u00f6 \u00f1a\u00f5 lie\u00e4t ke\u00e2 trong ph\u00f6\u00f4ng pha\u00f9p du\u00f8ng IC r\u00f4\u00f8i th\u00ec ma\u00efch \u00f1e\u00e1m sa\u00fbn pha\u00e5m du\u00f8ng ky\u00f5 thua\u00e4t vi x\u00f6\u00fb l\u00ed co\u00f8n co\u00f9 nh\u00f6\u00f5ng \u00f6u \u00f1ie\u00e5m sau:

-Ma\u00efch co\u00f9 the\u00e5 thay \u00f1o\u00e5i so\u00e1 \u00f1e\u00e1m mo\u00e4t ca\u00f9ch linh hoa\u00eft ba\u00e8ng vie\u00e4c thay \u00f1o\u00e5i pha\u00e0n me\u00e0m, trong khi \u00f1o\u00f9 pha\u00e0n c\u00f6\u00f9ng kho\u00e2ng ca\u00e0n thay \u00f1o\u00e5i ma\u00f8 ma\u00efch du\u00f8ng IC r\u00f4\u00f8i kho\u00e2ng the\u00e5 th\u00f6\u00efc hie\u00e4n \u00f1\u00f6\u00f4\u00efc ma\u00f8 ne\u00e1u co\u00f9 the\u00e5 th\u00f6\u00efc hie\u00e4n \u00f1\u00f6\u00f4\u00efc th\u00ec cu\u00f5ng c\u00f6\u00f9ng nha\u00e9c ma\u00f8 ng\u00f6\u00f4\u00f8i co\u00e2ng nha\u00e2n cu\u00f5ng kho\u00f9 tie\u00e1p ca\u00e4n, de\u00e3 nha\u00e0m.

- So\u00e1 linh kie\u00e4n s\u00f6\u00fb du\u00efng trong ma\u00efch \u00edt h\u00f4n.
-Ma\u00efch \u00f1\u00f4n gia\u00fbn h\u00f4n so v\u00f4\u00f9i ma\u00efch \u00f1e\u00e1m sa\u00fbn pha\u00e5m du\u00f8ng IC
r\u00f4\u00f8i va\u00f8 co\u00f9 pha\u00e0n ca\u00f8i \u00f1a\u00ebt so\u00e1 \u00f1e\u00e1m ban \u00f1a\u00e0u
-Ma\u00efch co\u00f9 the\u00e5 l\u00f6u la\u00efi so\u00e1 lie\u00e4u cu\u00fba ca\u00f9c ca sa\u00fbn xua\u00e1t
-Ma\u00efch co\u00f9 the\u00e5 \u00f1ie\u00e0u khie\u00e5n \u00f1e\u00e1m \u00f1\u00f6\u00f4\u00efc nhie\u00e0u da\u00e2y chuye\u00e0n
sa\u00fbn xua\u00e1t cu\u00f8ng lu\u00f9c ba\u00e8ng pha\u00e0n me\u00e0m

-Ma\u00efch cu\u00f5ng co\u00f9 the\u00e5 ke\u00e1t no\u00e1i giao tie\u00e1p \u00f1\u00f6\u00f4\u00efc v\u00f4\u00f9i ma\u00f9y t\u00ednh th\u00edch h\u00f4\u00efp cho nh\u00f6\u00f5ng ng\u00f6\u00f4\u00f8i qua\u00fbn l\u00ed ta\u00efi pho\u00f8ng ky\u00f5 thua\u00e4t na\u00e9m ba\u00e9t \u00f1\u00f6\u00f4\u00efc t\u00ecnh h\u00ecnh sa\u00fbn xua\u00e1t qua ma\u00f8n h\u00ecnh cu\u00fba ma\u00f9y vi t\u00ednh.

Nh\u00f6ng trong thie\u00e1t ke\u00e1 ng\u00f6\u00f4\u00f8i ta th\u00f6\u00f4\u00f8ng cho\u00efn ph\u00f6\u00f4ng pha\u00f9p to\u00e1i \u00f6u nh\u00f6ng kinh te\u00e1 do \u00f1o\u00f9 chu\u00f9ng em cho\u00efn ph\u00f6\u00f4ng pha\u00f9p \u00f1e\u00e1m sa\u00fbn pha\u00e5m du\u00f8ng ky\u00f5 thua\u00e4t vi \u00f1ie\u00e0u khie\u00e5n

3. Ph\u00f6\u00f4ng pha\u00f9p \u00f1e\u00e1m sa\u00fbn pha\u00e5m du\u00f8ng vi \u00f1ie\u00e0u khie\u00e5n:
Ngoa\u00f8i nh\u00f6\u00f5ng \u00f6u \u00f1ie\u00e5m co\u00f9 \u00f1\u00f6\u00f4\u00efc cu\u00fba hai ph\u00f6\u00f4ng pha\u00f9p tre\u00e2n,
ph\u00f6\u00f4ng pha\u00f9p na\u00f8y co\u00f8n co\u00f9 nh\u00f6\u00f5ng \u00f6u \u00f1ie\u00e5m :

-Trong ma\u00efch co\u00f9 the\u00e5 s\u00f6\u00fb du\u00efng ngay bo\u00e4 nh\u00f4\u00f9 trong \u00f1o\u00e1i v\u00f4\u00f9i nh\u00f6\u00f5ng ch\u00f6\u00f4ng tr\u00ecnh co\u00f9 quy mo\u00e2 nho\u00fb, ra\u00e1t tie\u00e4n l\u00f4\u00efi ma\u00f8 vi x\u00f6\u00fb l\u00ed kho\u00e2ng th\u00f6\u00efc hie\u00e4n \u00f1\u00f6\u00f4\u00efc.

-No\u00f9 co\u00f9 the\u00e5 giao tie\u00e1p no\u00e1i tie\u00e1p tr\u00f6\u00efc tie\u00e1p v\u00f4\u00f9i ma\u00f9y t\u00ednh ma\u00f8
vi x\u00f6\u00fb l\u00ed cu\u00f5ng giao tie\u00e1p \u00f1\u00f6\u00f4\u00efc v\u00f4\u00f9i ma\u00f9y t\u00ednh nh\u00f6ng la\u00f8 giao tie\u00e1p
GVHD Nguye\u00e3n Vie\u00e4t Hu\u00f8ng
Lua\u00e4n va\u00ean to\u00e1t nghie\u00e4p
Trang 3
song song ne\u00e2n ca\u00e0n co\u00f9 linh kie\u00e4n chuye\u00e5n \u00f1o\u00e5i d\u00f6\u00f5 lie\u00e4u t\u00f6\u00f8 song
song sang no\u00e1i tie\u00e1p \u00f1e\u00e5 giao tie\u00e1p v\u00f4\u00f9i ma\u00f9y t\u00ednh.
III. MU\u00cfC \u00d1\u00cdCH YE\u00c2U CA\u00c0U CU\u00dbA \u00d1E\u00c0 TA\u00d8I:

Trong \u00f1o\u00e0 a\u00f9n na\u00f8y chu\u00f9ng em th\u00f6\u00efc hie\u00e4n ma\u00efch \u00f1e\u00e1m sa\u00fbn pha\u00e5m ba\u00e8ng ph\u00f6\u00f4ng pha\u00f9p \u00f1e\u00e1m xung. Nh\u00f6 va\u00e4y mo\u00e3i sa\u00fbn pha\u00e5m \u00f1i qua tre\u00e2n ba\u00eang chuye\u00e0n pha\u00fbi co\u00f9 mo\u00e4t thie\u00e1t b\u00f2 \u00f1e\u00e5 ca\u00fbm nha\u00e4n sa\u00fbn pha\u00e5m, thie\u00e1t b\u00f2 na\u00f8y go\u00efi la\u00f8 ca\u00fbm bie\u00e1n. Khi mo\u00e4t sa\u00fbn pha\u00e5m \u00f1i qua ca\u00fbm bie\u00e1n se\u00f5 nha\u00e4n va\u00f8 ta\u00efo ra mo\u00e4t xung \u00f1ie\u00e4n \u00f1\u00f6a ve\u00e0 kho\u00e1i x\u00f6\u00fb l\u00ed \u00f1e\u00e5 ta\u00eang da\u00e0n so\u00e1 \u00f1e\u00e1m. Ta\u00efi mo\u00e4t th\u00f4\u00f8i \u00f1ie\u00e5m t\u00f6\u00f9c th\u00f4\u00f8i, \u00f1e\u00e5 xa\u00f9c \u00f1\u00f2nh \u00f1\u00f6\u00f4\u00efc so\u00e1 \u00f1e\u00e1m ca\u00e0n pha\u00fbi co\u00f9 bo\u00e4 pha\u00e4n hie\u00e5n th\u00f2. Tuy nhie\u00e2n mo\u00e3i khu v\u00f6\u00efc sa\u00fbn xua\u00e1t hay mo\u00e3i ca sa\u00fbn xua\u00e1t la\u00efi ye\u00e2u ca\u00e0u v\u00f4\u00f9i so\u00e1 \u00f1e\u00e1m kha\u00f9c nhau v\u00ec the\u00e1 pha\u00fbi co\u00f9 s\u00f6\u00ef linh hoa\u00eft trong vie\u00e4c chuye\u00e5n \u00f1o\u00e5i so\u00e1 \u00f1e\u00e1m. Bo\u00e4 pha\u00e4n chuye\u00e5n \u00f1o\u00e5i tr\u00f6\u00efc quan nha\u00e1t la\u00f8 ba\u00f8n ph\u00edm. Khi ca\u00e0n thay \u00f1o\u00e5i so\u00e1 \u00f1e\u00e1m ng\u00f6\u00f4\u00f8i s\u00f6\u00fb du\u00efng ch\u00e6 ca\u00e0n nha\u00e4p so\u00e1 \u00f1e\u00e1m ban \u00f1a\u00e0u va\u00f8o va\u00f8 ma\u00efch se\u00f5 t\u00f6\u00ef \u00f1o\u00e4ng \u00f1e\u00e1m. Khi so\u00e1 sa\u00fbn pha\u00e5m \u00f1\u00f6\u00f4\u00efc \u00f1e\u00e1m ba\u00e8ng v\u00f4\u00f9i so\u00e1 \u00f1e\u00e1m ban \u00f1a\u00e0u th\u00ec ma\u00efch se\u00f5 t\u00f6\u00ef \u00f1o\u00e4ng d\u00f6\u00f8ng. T\u00f6\u00f8 \u00f1a\u00e2y suy ra mu\u00efc \u00f1\u00edch ye\u00e2u ca\u00e0u cu\u00fba \u00f1e\u00e0 ta\u00f8i:

-So\u00e1 \u00f1e\u00e1m pha\u00fbi ch\u00ednh xa\u00f9c, va\u00f8 thay \u00f1o\u00e5i vie\u00e4c ca\u00f8i \u00f1a\u00ebt so\u00e1
\u00f1e\u00e1m ban \u00f1a\u00e0u mo\u00e4t ca\u00f9ch linh hoa\u00eft.
-Bo\u00e4 pha\u00e4n hie\u00e5n th\u00f2 pha\u00fbi ro\u00f5 ra\u00f8ng
-Ma\u00efch \u00f1ie\u00e4n kho\u00e2ng qua\u00f9 ph\u00f6\u00f9c ta\u00efp, ba\u00fbo \u00f1a\u00fbm \u00f1\u00f6\u00f4\u00efc s\u00f6\u00ef an
toa\u00f8n,de\u00e3 s\u00f6\u00fb du\u00efng.
-Gia\u00f9 tha\u00f8nh kho\u00e2ng qua\u00f9 ma\u00e9c
IV. GI\u00d4\u00d9I HA\u00cfN CU\u00dbA \u00d1E\u00c0 TA\u00d8I:

-Ca\u00f9c sa\u00fbn pha\u00e5m ra\u00e1t \u00f1a da\u00efng v\u00f4\u00f9i nhie\u00e0u chu\u00fbng loa\u00efi: \u00f1a\u00ebc; ro\u00e3ng, k\u00edch c\u00f4\u00f5 kha\u00f9c nhau. Nh\u00f6ng v\u00f4\u00f9i kha\u00fb na\u00eang cu\u00fba thie\u00e1t b\u00f2 la\u00e9p th\u00ec ma\u00efch ch\u00e6 co\u00f9 the\u00e5 \u00f1e\u00e1m \u00f1o\u00e1i v\u00f4\u00f9i sa\u00fbn pha\u00e5m co\u00f9 kha\u00fb na\u00eang che \u00f1\u00f6\u00f4\u00efc a\u00f9nh sa\u00f9ng va\u00f8 co\u00f9 k\u00edch th\u00f6\u00f4\u00f9c t\u00f6\u00f8 10cm3 \u00f1e\u00e1n 30cm3.

-\u00d1e\u00e1m so\u00e1 sa\u00fbn pha\u00e5m trong mo\u00e4t thu\u00f8ng pha\u00efm vi thay \u00f1o\u00e5i t\u00f6\u00f8 2
\u2192 999. Co\u00f8n so\u00e1 thu\u00f8ng sa\u00fbn pha\u00e5m pha\u00efm vi thay \u00f1o\u00e5i t\u00f6\u00f8 1\u21929999.
-L\u00f6u so\u00e1 sa\u00fbn pha\u00e5m, so\u00e1 ho\u00e4p sau mo\u00e3i ca sa\u00fbn xua\u00e1t va\u00f8 cho
phe\u00f9p xem so\u00e1 sa\u00fbn pha\u00e5m va\u00f8 so\u00e1 ho\u00e4p trong ca\u00f9c ca sa\u00fbn xua\u00e1t.
T\u00f6\u00f8 mu\u00efc \u00f1\u00edch ye\u00e2u ca\u00e0u cu\u00fba \u00f1e\u00e0 ta\u00f8i chu\u00f9ng em \u00f1\u00f6a ra s\u00f4 \u00f1o\u00e0
kho\u00e1i to\u00e5ng qua\u00f9t cu\u00fba ma\u00efch \u00f1ie\u00e4n nh\u00f6 sau:
V. XA\u00c2Y D\u00d6\u00cfNG S\u00d4 \u00d1O\u00c0 KHO\u00c1I TO\u00c5NG QUA\u00d9T:
GVHD Nguye\u00e3n Vie\u00e4t Hu\u00f8ng


KHO\u00c1I HIE\u00c5N TH\u00d2

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