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Output A1 Inception Workshop Svay Reang

Output A1 Inception Workshop Svay Reang

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Published by: Sorn Somoline on Sep 30, 2011
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2011
EXTENSION OF WATER SUPPLY, CAPACITY BUILDING ANDMONITORING ACHIEVEMENTS TOWARD REACHING CMDGsIN SVAY REANG TOWN, CAMBODIA
Output under the Cooperation Agreement betweenUN-HABITATandSvay Reang Water Supply Utility
 
Summary Report Output A1
Stakeholder's Inception Workshopfor Svay Reang Town
 
SVAY
 
REANG
 
WATER
 
SUPPLY
 
UTILITYCAMBODIA
Mekong Regional Water and Sanitation Program(MEK-WATSAN)
 
 
1
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Currently the population of Mekong Basin is around 250 million in which four of six countrieshave the economic growth approximately 5% since 1980s. The population growth rate is inbetween 4%-5% per annum. Poor people in Cambodia, Lao and Vietnam have migrated to urban.Currently poor households in urban consist of about 9%-26% of urban population. Most of thosepoor people live in remote areas or slum areas which are not hygiene (no sewerage system) donot have water supply system, sanitation facilities and other social services. With the highgrowth rate and lack of proper planning of relevant authorities like potable water supply,sanitation infrastructures, and other facilities has affected their livelihood and health. In general,those poor people have to pay more for water than medium or rich people and the results they aregetting poorer and poorer.After a long period of civil war, Cambodia now is developing gradually. The Royal Governmentof Cambodia has set out Cambodian millennium development goals which are in line with theworld MDGs; and water supply and sanitation are mentioned in the CMDGs. They are clearlymentioned that at least 80% of urban population will have water supply and 74% will havesanitation facilities by year 2015. To achieve these goals, the RGC has developed nationalpolicies related water supply and a number of measures since 2004. For example, there were anumber of reforms in water supply sector like Phnom Penh and Siem Reap water supplyauthorities were transferred to autonomous authorities.Even then water supply and sanitation in Cambodia are still big issues which need large amountof investment from the RGC and it is clear that RGC does not have enough budgets to invest inthis sector and need support from outsiders, and most of the loans were allocated ininfrastructure development like roads, bridges, schools, hospital, etc. So it needs supports fromNGOs, IO or UN organizations.Based on the above mentioned CMDG, UNHABITAT with the cooperation from MIME,especially Potable Water Department have implemented water supply extension and sanitationproject in four provincial towns: Kampong Thom, Pursat, Kampong Cham and Svay Rieng.This project under the MEK-WATSAN programme has been designed to demonstrate acommunity based approach which will increase the access by the poor to improve, affordableand sustainable water supply. This project builds on the efforts of the government and theinvestment already made, and will contribute to strengthening the capacities of MIME inmonitoring progress towards achieving the MDGs for water and sanitation as well as thecapacities of the Svay Reang Water Supply Utility and district authorities in improving waterand sanitation services through participatory and innovative approaches by 2011, 4,532 people -out of wich 30 percent are poor-will benefit from the expansion of water supply infrastructure.With the project completed successfully, the coverage of water will rise to 37 percent.MIME has conducted workshops to introduce MEK-WATSAN program to those targeted fourtowns. The stakeholder workshop was help to disseminate the main objectives and scope of theproject, and to coordinate main activities at the town level. In coordination with local authorities,commune council and community representatives, Svay Reang Water Supply Utility led aparticipatory assessment of beneficiaries to identify the poor householders in expansion areas aswell as to coordinate implementation arrangements. This activity included the definition of a setof criteria to identify poor households to inform pro-poor water cost-sharing arrangements suchas revolving funds for household connection fees. The assessment of beneficiaries also providedpreliminary data for water indicators database and support the development of a poverty map.The engagement with the community provided an opportunity to build wide support for theproject including its objectives and implementation methodology.
 
2
In Cambodia for the second phase, MEK-WATSAN program focus on four provincial towns likeKampong Cham, Kampong Thom, Svay Rieng and Pursat towns. On 23 June 2010 MIME andUNHABITAT have conducted stakeholder inception workshop in Svay Reang Town tointroduce MEK-WATSAN program to the local authorities and relevant stakeholders and seek for support and cooperation from those relevant stakeholders.The overall objective of MEK-WATSAN program is to support the Royal Government of Cambodia to attain its water and sanitation related MDGs agreed in 2000.The main objective of this project is to provide sustainable water supply services and improveenvironmental conditions of the residents of Svay Reang Town particularly for the poor. Thespecific objectives of the project are:-
 
Increase access to improved water supply on a sustainable and affordable basis for 4,532residents in Svay Reang Town by 2011;-
 
Develop and establish participatory framework for implementation that includes anassessment of beneficiaries and poor householders;-
 
Develop and establish community based financing mechanism, such as revolving fundsto assist poor householders with the connection fees;-
 
Strengthen the capacities of the Svay Reang Water Supply Utility on community-basedproject management, operational management and a more sustainable use of waterresources based on the principles of HVWSHE principles and Water Demand andConservation Management (WDCM) among other relevant concepts; and-
 
Develop a baseline database on water and environmental sanitation indicators andgenerating and information base for local action and monitoring of the MDGs insecondary towns, particularly in Svay Reang Town.The purpose of stakeholder inception workshop was to introduce the MEK-WATSAN program,discus about the targeted beneficiaries, seek for support and cooperation and recommendationfrom all relevant stakeholders. Besides, the workshop also introduce about the MDGs andCMDGs.The stakeholder inception workshop had invited relevant government institutions and NGOs toattend the workshop. There were 4 government institutions i.e. MIME, Svay Reang WaterSupply Utility, Provincial Department of Industry, Mines and Energy, and all levels of localauthorities from province to village including communities; and two NGOs like RuralEnvironmental Development Association and Center for Development. There were total 30participants.The stakeholder inception workshop was held in Svay Reang Town on 23 June 2010. Theworkshop was for half day and started to register at 7:30 am. The workshop starts with theintroduction of workshop objectives by Mr. Sorn Savnin, project director, from 8:00-8:15,followed by welcome speech of UNHABITAT's representative from 8:15-8:30, and openingspeech of H.E. Heng Sok Kong from 8:30-50. From
8:50-9:10
was the presentation of Mr. Din SoMe Thearith on the project background, project objectives and the expected outputs of theproject. From
9:10-9:30
coffee break. From
9:30-10:30
was presentation of Mr. Sorn Savnin andfrom 10:30-11:00 was the presentation of Mr. Prach Norn, Director of Svay Rieng Water SupplyUtility on Svay Rieng's present Water Supply Utility operation. From 11
:00-11:20
was theimpression of Mr. Chuon Chanrithy, Svay Reang Municipality.Three presentations were made during the stakeholder inception workshop where:- First presentation was presented by Mr. Din So Me Thearith, Program Manager of UNHABITAT in Cambodia on the background of program, program objectives andthe expected outputs of the program.- Second presentation was presented by Mr. Sorn Savnin, MEK-WATSAN programdirector, on the MIME's mandates related to potable water supply, the cooperation

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