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Lecture 49 - 3rd Asessment - Introduction to Parasitology

Lecture 49 - 3rd Asessment - Introduction to Parasitology

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Published by: api-3703352 on Oct 15, 2008
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03/18/2014

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PR18
INTRODUCTION TO PARASITOLOGY
INTRODUCTION:Types of associations: Physiological
Ecological
Parasitism: Heterospecific, metabolic dependence on human
Commensalism: Two species, one benefits
other not harmed
Symbiosis: Permanent association
cannot exist independently
TYPES OF PARASITES:Ectoparasite
vs
Endoparasite
Facultative vs
Obligate
Accidental
Permanent vs Temporary

Pseudoparasites
Coprozoic (Spurious)
Microparasites

Macroparasites
TYPES OF LIFE CYCLES:Monoxenous
Heteroxenous
Autoheteroxenous
SUBJECT AREAS: Protozoology Helminthology Entomology
Immunology
ECOLOGY OF PARASITES:Determines geographic distribution
ENDOPARASITE:Host determines environment
FREELIVING STAGE:Cli mate
Social habits
Environment
LIFE-CYCLE OF PARASITES:Diagnosis Prevention & Control
Treatment
KNOWLEDGE OF: a. location of stages
b. exit from host
o. transmission
d. entry
e. free-living stages
q. intermediate hosts
g. susceptible stage
NATURE OF LIFE CYCLES: a. Direct
b. Indirect
a.Definitive host:Adu lts
Sexual stages
b.Intermediate host:Larval stage or asexual development (Exception ?)
Amoebiasis

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