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Ch 7 Cellular Respiration

Ch 7 Cellular Respiration

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03/18/2014

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Chapter 7: Cellular Respiration
Glycolysis: the break down of glucose to produce pyruvic acid and ATP; takes
place in the cytosol, or cytoplasm, of a cell
Cellular Respiration: (animal\u2019s use of energy)
\u2022
O2 must be available
\u2022
Takes place in the mitochondrion of a cell
\u2022
C6H12O6 + 6O2\ue000 6H2O + 6CO2 +3811kcal
o
Calories (1 gram of water 1 degree Celsius)
o
Food Calories = 3.8 kcal
Respiration: the process that involves oxygen and the breaking down of food
molecules to release energy
Glycolysis:
Glucose (C6H12O6)
_____________________|
|
|
2 ATP
2 PGAL (3 Carbon)

|_____________________|
|--------------NADH-------------4ATP
|------------------------------------2ATP

Pyruvic Acid
Respiration:
||------------------------------------6ATP
2 Acetyl CoA
|
2 Oxaloacetic Acid
|
Krebs Cycle------------------------------24 ATP
TOTAL: 38 ATP
NET: 38 ATP \u2013 2 ATP = 36 ATP
Krebs Cycle:
\u2022
Uses pyruvic acid from glycolysis to produce CO2 and Acetic Acid
\u2022
Acetic Acid is changed into citric acid
\u2022
9 intermediate steps
\u2022
When oxygen is added, it will produce water + ATP
\u2022
When oxygen is not present, the Krebs cycle stops
o
Glycolysis will try to make ATP for the cell, but will not make
enough
Fermentation: enables cells to carry out energy production in the absence of
oxygen (anaerobic)

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