The power plant is a facility that transforms various types of energyinto electricity or heat for some useful purpose. The energy input tothe power plant can vary significantly, and the plant design to accom-modate this energy is drastically different for each energy source. Theforms of this input energy can be as follows:1.The
of an elevated body of water, which, whenused, becomes a hydroelectric power plant.2.The
that is released from the hydrocarbons con-tained in fossil fuels such as coal, oil, or natural gas, whichbecomes a fossil fuel fired power plant.3.The
from the sun, which becomes a solar power plant.4.The
fission or fusion energy
that separates or attracts atomic parti-cles, which becomes a nuclear power plant.With any of these input sources, the power plant’s output can takevarious forms:1.Heat for a process or for heating2.Electricity that is subsequently converted into other forms of energy3.Energy for transportation such as for shipsIn these power plants, the conversion of water to steam is the pre-dominant technology, and this book will describe this process and thevarious systems and equipment that are used commonly in today’soperating steam power plants.Each power plant has many interacting systems, and in a steampower plant these include fuel and ash handling, handling of combus-tion air and the products of combustion, feedwater and condensate,steam, environmental control systems, and the control systems thatare necessary for a safe, reliable, and efficiently run power plant. Theeighth edition of
continues to blend descrip-tions and illustrations of both new and older equipment, since bothare in operation in today’s power plants.
1.1The Use of Steam
Steam is a critical resource in today’s industrial world. It is essentialfor the production of paper and other wood products, for the preparationand serving of foods, for the cooling and heating of large buildings, fordriving equipment such as pumps and compressors, and for poweringships. However, its most important priority remains as the primarysource of power for the production of electricity.
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