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Mckenzie Chap 5

Mckenzie Chap 5

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CHAPTER.
OFALLI-NO :EI]lTNTr r: Plirr,ER a-ER:0FFrn;\ii:
On 18 Nolcnrber 1955,ifthcmainaudtorum oithe TcchnlscheHochschulen t\4unich.Martnr Heidelrgergavcalecruroconcernnr(rhequesllonoi technolog! O\€rhisongcareorHei.leggorafnedquilenrep-Lrtaiions aleciureronehal Nas so f!mous, so fl.mo!$, lhathe woud. neflect,comcto h de thc silnalurcs ca^,ed )tohis eclure nrach e. Hllns-Geor.cl adanrer, 'ho studiedwith him nlhe1920s, ecalls he dramalicamvaloJhe!,oungHeidcggeral thc MarburuUnile6itv:"Onecan hardlvportrnvHcdegltefs arrivalnM.rburgdr0nl€lic! v cnolclh-fot lhai hctredtomake asensatiof.Hls enlrdnce nio thelecturohalldi.l bolrayaserseol seLf ssurrnce nda cofscousfessol hiso\!r1 mpa.t but whalwasUulycharactestic oI hispersonandhisteachingr,ashathebccamecompletch'absorbod nhis work.an.lthalhis work shone orth With him.le.lurfg be{rarnc omethrgaltogethcfe$r"' Over he fort decad.r, r soho$/e!er,his leciuros $ould shine fodhinthe darkcsi olpl.ces,lhe MIAconrdcx of ihe GcrnmnThirdReich.We will oop back o ihis comple\ atc(and tor nos, read on lrom Heiclollgcas955lcclure.Tho textHeidog(erdevcrcd r Munichh.trearhas s ncc been rans-latedandplblishedds Lheend ossa! ofthobookt-.QLtastiotlorcatningIed,tplagf amlOlherEssar,s. hequcsliolsra scd n and br lhis iexi whelp us articulateurtherhe alfinitvbeh{€onDerlormancendchallcnoing.lorHoideggeronnects hequestiononcernin!,1cchnology o aparlicularrcveangof truthanorderngofknowedgethalchangos orlhhe$'orld.
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Wowllllirsllryto rrackhech.ongngpo$(xtby Heicleqgernclofnocirlro ourreadrlr0stpcrtormancc,hoseotTechfo-pcrt*ln_"", pof"-.*,.Managcnrent,fdperftrmanceSilrdios.M)wthenp.l"p,,.fl,"r."J-ngs,othor phik)sophicatrackshaltakoonlhepo,verotpenonrrnce.
,,^^yjl:ll:11'1,y."."n@.rnrnsechtuk)sy?orHerrreqqer,,tsaues.
ne.rrccrninrlhc,\semcot tccln.tosv,r |.rsscrs.c trit.lshyno meJrF.n\,,rhi'qcLhnotoqicnt.sre_rdtrnsscdnolhpq*",,o"rr,j.r,n.gifr,.essonceottechnotogyson n"r.r.uutn.,"io uu'nanacrivily.Hcidegserfi\no'nls.lechrroqysa w.votrevcih(rIw,.hor,ctothis.hclnnnllowhular.,lm turh,. .sscnceot technob;wil oD.Drser,t,r,, r,s.isthe'cr.'Tut rF\r.dtin(i.,n',ru,h."SIchrr,rlh.jjr-n,rrpu cje,s,,,nu. rrccorrustorrden(jofa representatiofornobjooijvorslbiecrivec.lity.no;fs therdeqLraiionletenrenrsirhina lorfnnisysrerruch.stosicor malh-errrnos.Heidc,gllcrnsleadpproachosrllhas r/crx_yr,asponsr-s,sarcverlingor briranljtorthrharals,rconcoats.(rh""r".."f","rf,," ."fi1.,,"1;.'.lr.||r,.a\1lu,r-o.ar,,rin,rcJ'L,n.r-,",. .,.ri,.,,,'rJlhrll.ilLi r..a,rtrn4,p,u\'Lrt..^I:eistra...n.,t.4!,.t.,/.r.-r,
,.....:::_l,ll":i"l'""irris f.urhc,ric.a,lln.rnoronry r(;enprimariry
n..rJr.iitrFrr,m\totLrhnu-pFrlonn,ir.e.,rJrifl,r,!cte actrL!,nessrftrcrsa'norcpruto,rd.rttrict,cr. :h,rFn(rrthnt triws0s r,nwhite.sotupplln|(IAwrthitsci: Hcdeufl.r,,.,n,n,rn"u,.u11r",,1,.,.u,.|,nuHcl.,uslun/p,,,{"ehaltcngnuo,[r.-Chilt,rxtrtut.alstor rthewrt,lInpdr.cu|arr,!ay.Ihere_veatin0halrutesin rxtefirtechnotoqyisachalrehqi,r0lH...rs/,'rlp,,|. str,:h p[r\Lrn.,rurerr,,x,,rsu.ntiuCe,1m(l,",,lll:l,r,r).".-olrhpr...r".,.\rr.r.r,.,l;{\rir4r,\r..ss_,r...Insr_.,drl'r.nrerir)g'h,..,ulhdn'rh,rnqino.ror..,n'jtrirn,t,ra-.,.,,t."r.lIn.,,rrocrofn.oohnotoqysierdchaflenlesorthn rtr(,,senogiesand ordorsincmink)r€ir|lty-slandingres.rve,.,nsobleorson carosubjecrswho
:l:,lll:l'l.i:::luu.'g,,,..,.1,,,a-,r.r,rs.iru.14,r,,,,.r,,.rp,!,..,
(n*orqunmurIn rtio[aLl,IJ,,J,'usJhc\,rop.nvu\p.,I,onnn\,Jn'lhFrcrb/,/zrr{ro Ll,n.,r.oto sr,]lmnn,o,rrir"c,rlprjrorh,T!,1h.J,prelixes/,(r'-(rither)mdars (onr).,AllhoughIourrdoesnoldrawalrcnliunlo,lhisIrinstationotH.rrm/o,r/,rrr.rs:ctralerr1n,J".n.t"chi,nginqro'llr".rl,iolEJrswh itthc scnseut xrurh.rrh.rly,tor ",:tncngc"conrc;r,omlhirtlrl,n..,/d,r,,?c(roiLcu:,ehtset!).i,l(|Fntso ,ctdte,ttocrlr(tooFcljNe)dn.t.r'/'rmF (tncterv).aChalhrNinOforrhrs forHeidoqlcrrheina|]thmrcrevcolingcariodout
.).l:l':i"'"1""i.'rinLlu.rr\.orr,^ruhrch"h,t."!"r.,.,;',;:c.ri.!.rl'x,n,r'Tr.-r..q,,pu,'rarrr1.11",,,,..,"rh,.1q!r..o;
nrt-,".'s(mc{F,,r.\'tnLnl ..,t,naortF,hrri,l-11:ls..d,^pus.,Frrh.,r .npo.rin0slrsd!s rs,Li,-, r iornhlDF(Jrrrnlru'orr.l(rth,IinJ.,{! thtrrt,rsu,,F.,r,)srnturh{,.Jno,hpnraxrlrumVbtdftheminirnumrpense.,,nolherworc,s.halcngin.rorlhalso entas the callo mnx nrlzooulprt.nd rninimc nDLrt,hoverycha"Lenqcof organizalonnletlcloncy ihatgudesPodonnandrN,4an3lerrcnlBul challencringorthextends or beyondhrs researchparadigmndeed,lor Heidcsqer hacnging heLps 0detincLhemodcm nges nco Descarlcs,an e.ahe namesn anotheres*ry inlrc OuL'sl,ont LclrrD/ogv "TheAgcoi lhc WoddPicturc"'nretundament:c\€ntol thc modernasc is the(x)n_queslotthe wodd aspiclure.I hc wodpiclurcl8t/.,no!! means hc slru(}turedimagetGeb,k/lthalislhecrcalureot mansproducinowhichrcprcsentsand selsiPlra. lnsrnhaproducinq,manconlcndslorlhoposilionin !!,hicbhe can belhalparlicri.rbcingwhogiveshc measuft)anddrawsLrphequidelin.rsor everYlhii0 hats. h themoder age, llcworldischallefqedorth as apicl!ro,as.foblccl ofreprosontaiionano$rled!,tj,.nd humnnsbccomehcsubieoiol this challcnsinqknowledse"llisno$,onder'wrilesHeidcq0er'lhfllhumanislirstarisos $rherc heworldbccomes.piclure.ThochnLlenllngorthof lheworkl, hcn, s nol linnledtoscnrnccandndustry or Hoidcooerdifeshum! s'nas .r"nroral_Aos_lhotic anlhropoogy"an.lInlhropok4lYaslhalphilosophicanterprotationoImin which erphns ard evalualeswhatcvers, in ls eniiretv, romlhostandpointt lnan a din rolation o nrn.'As a modeot bringin! lorlh tll8lextends romehnoscn:nccolndus-kv to nnlhropology,h.llcngin0 krrlhprovidesus a certainranleworkorgalheringollctherhcpnradlgmalEh.llengcsolenectueness, llicienov.in.l cllicacy,as wcll aslho nFny othcr challenqcsorderinsourg,enorallhcoryChallcngingorlh isDrecisrtylriminq. ar ordern(: 'Wenownamt)lhal challenginltaim whk)hg0thersrrnn hther to orderhc sell-revoalinqas slan.linqcserve:G.)'src//'Enk.mingl."HeldeggitdelinesEfkimlnll.s an"o(lainnq oldesi ninlt,' r sendnq lorthhaip!tshumansnno wiryto lruth.t is a dangercusassngeor"lhedoslinin!ot rcvcalings as suchi. everv one olits modes, lnd thereloreccessarily,irrt/ei:Yei wh(xrdcsufng reqfsin hemodeol En rariinq,t is the sLrrenncanger""rWhy?Beoauso nit, man slands so decisvolyn ahendlrceon thochaengirroiirth ofEnlramng hal ho d(x)snot apprehendffr.ming.s I cl. im ihdlhetailsb sce himsells lheoncspokeno. andhencealsoaih iocvervwaYb hcarnrhal rcspectho ok'sists.""'Theupremcdangerof this challcng_ing call s thathumans isk nlssingthc aulhenticcall, hetjallollrulh as,xrcrs,s.theellof a moroDrimaltrulh"Ai lhe cnd olhrsquesllonooncenringechnologvHeide-ggoralhsstogcther heca olchallenltngorlh and hecallofpotesisnto.stelhroon_slellaiion.n doinqso he draws !ssk!\!ardin our Challengorectlfc'mlohine,which thLrsarconslstsol a.lisaslrousspaccsnlpfamefl(;hal/-.nocynda drnqerous rodeol rivcr ifgc.llcd"challengingorth."HoiLlcgger tarll]zng:Wrorwe kxrk nlo heanrbiguoLrsssenceol tcch-nology.we beholdhccorrsielhton,hestcLarcourseol the mvsleryThcquestionconcernirlrechrntogys thcquestioncomcenrinqhe constolla_
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lion rnwhrh reve!tngand oncoan0tr \rvhtchhe comnrljoprcsenceotrrrlln!comesop.ssi'1Themysieryretersk) anc c tedhomHdtderlh:'BuJwhoi{:hed!ngers,grows/Thenvingpolloratso,ForHerdeggerhesavinqpo$icrconrcs nihc nrningot rnod(rnechnotogyowarJamoroproto(ndsenscot recrrc_,.Oncetherowasa rrme whcnrhebrinqingJorrhortho trLrcnrb rhebeaulifutwascalled ,cLlrrc.Ancthepo,c,slsoI rheflnoarts.lso wascalledrc,ctr@--.Inthedar|{]erol chaenging torlh growsthesavrEDowcrot/iorcsr-eHow tonukerhcturn, holvlopasshomone lolhcBe.rusehees'cn.eft..hn6tocynothinge.hnolog,.al,$entiat,.n...nonponre.hi.toerand..5vcc.ntonuroiwth rmusrhappenrrermrhar.onrheonchand,!inrorf.ssenc.oire.hnoogyandnrheorrrerL,nnanrent3td ffc,.nlornr5r.hrrca/nsrrtThe lislir)olionscrebetw.xrfochrcandt(ronroblly,belileenhc..si)tpo,bsrsndcha e|ginqtorlh,betwoofthedanserof reveatrr!andrheslpftxnedrnserof Entrarnns.belw{}enokjnceand art.n rhesedisrinc,t|(nlsft)partol.bipotarconsteation$fioscqnr(tinareserlcndbeyondlhebxtsot HeideggcrFromatar,hcsecoordinaleslruidehc dilac:chat,bnoesrcgLrlarlyaL,nchody rhosei,rthearls .nonumanrrDsgainstscdnceand technotogy.The_ytsoguklothechatbngesFrseclbv ihoscwilhinhescicncesrhoseek o recnsthetr'|vn cUurresnlcrmsot intrilbnnDdcrpnlivilvaswcl .se,tortsot oq,nniz.tn)nithc{ristsand n}atr-trgcrso challcngeho ariora|ryofScofi ficM.nlrgctrrcnr.Aroundiheopposilionsof thischatk)rrogdrnsteationg(Nsthom!tv.lenlpowerofperfornj.nce.Thospecla(xrtarcvetopmcniotpcrtor,rr:rncoLiirntn.r'lrt,,rIlrrt,le,llur\ tlr.r.,ra.In,Il0' lsuLl ilip,r'nJr, |,rs rul,-ntour,-t,r)iq,ndrt,rid.,trtr^,.hcpilrternr',1nr-1lotr,.1.. ,trF.0cs_rrllhu*,rr.l!,tthtt,t/ j.1tltst)':tnolttlh!1.JeJt,r1hDpptlnntr_t)r?tsrrrow{FnIniakesuch acnlt?Howcan ol]erainerttosrudyF}rtorman.,eas a rrnnsqressivcr.esistantorcool s.cialelticacycomeIo corrnodttochnllongln0orlhas$cttaslo rhechatk)noest techm,toqicattfecrivcnessar oro.nizationaltliciency?strosshntam notlryngto reducccuttur,alperlormanccandrlrc chattcngeotliniotoflimcyro rheseorherchat,longcs.Nor anlI denyinghemutaliomt potentiatl cLrtluraterformance.anr rBleadsuqgesrnuharculuat portormancen(t ls eflicncvcanDolbet'r.nr0hlUlsiJehFq-n,ritilatr/^1,:(-ta-r)(.r,u,,i,trn.L,n1.^r.t,in.rrcnumanrtiesrd sociats.ie|cosnnd,furthcr,hitlhis conccptuatizalbfur nhr.t,'r..,1li-4nsltit)1lr'L. a.,ar,,[..o,,to[1rDc1on.,rn,,,,ao,,n.'u'hF.srn,florirliza.rutnt,a.p.., .!r..olporlornranceoscarch.l rodaywecan readilykrcarepcflonnan(jen rheproducuontcullufe word$,de,hls has notawavs beenhe case; ornosit alwaysbccnpossibloom(Hsurehepcr'onnanccolpublionfraslruc'luresor toreenoifeer enlirc oroanzaLionsdpeakpfflonnsnmsixtyvearsago,hcseperlornraces worclargelvunthinkabe;odav not onlyseachlhnrkable,!c crn alsoi.:ile iluals of socotcrhnicalsalistlclng lrotincorporaicclemenls ol cultuft.oroanizstiorral.ndlcchnologicalertornrane. Whatmakcs such mullipaftismaticperfomranccsossibb,andwhat challenscsnre to spoculaleon lhelink bclweenperfornrancoand ch:rl_lenginglorlh,is a nlorepowcrlulmovqnenl otgcneralizaliorlhanlhoscundcrtakenby PerlormaDocSiudics,PertonnanceManaoemsrl. andTechno-Perlomancomov nenlthol al onceincoQoralcsandpasscsbcvo d allthcscpar.dignrs.I .all this moreqcncrllmovcmenihcpowcro/pertonnatrcca lhno'rze thsperlormrliveoworwithLnur ehearsaLpnrcess,l!!illfLrstrosenlsonrelramaturgicalosc.rntrof I anrnol thc firstpersono heorirepo\!€rr.spcrlonnancc.olher woftlswe'llptrln a ca forcon(icpLlralackup'asLhisowdhas beenandlyredby scveraportantand well-known ut!rdltheorisls.Lndee.lwh.t lsporhdt)smosl strkinq bouithepoweroll)orlormances thatitwastirsltheonzodhallcentunrago.aod nroreslri*inosilll,rhispowcrlulcall r€s lelt on lukllo.so lonllIn1955, hesaml)ycarns Hctlegger'schallensinseclurc |'t!'lun|ch,anolhcrGemranphilosophff publishcda lerlacirsstho Allnnllc an l|eLJnitcdSiares.Thelerl\!osenlillc{ frosaD.l cttizatbn:A Philttsryticalhrqriryinto tuewl.llsaulhor,HorberlM cuse,had been.sl(dcnlolHei.lcUgerelonioiringlhoFrankhrl Inslilte ol SocialRcseanh(Dcllerknownas theFranklurtSchool).n1934 hclett Ccrmanv1oroxileo lhoLlS,wherehe woukl como love. crch. an.lwr tcln Etusand Civiliztlion'N4arcrserquesthata radorlly historl.alsociologvor s a hiddcnrendin Fftilllianpsy(jhoannlysis,nd artk)ulalingt hc selsoltlo nfrilvzohercalilyprnclplc thai dorrn.tes nxxlern.ivilizntionUh tirrg n thc UniledSt.n)snEnq sh | 1955, Mflrcrrsenlledlhis fepressivcprlncil)loLhe'pcdormanccPrinciPl0i'. . .,n oL' rtenPt to duLidrtchc .ope ndti'e Lnitsr rre.evrl.nl
rcpGjveness,nconlehp.rartvilizalionse rhallhJve o d€scrbel inlemsof$e spe(iricllityprin.'Plchath3ssovernedhcong'ns nd rhegrottl' ofthis civ'l'z.rion.. designatt rsPerfdman.erincipl€,nlderto emphis'zchalundc'rlt,ul.ro.'cryt stratified.tordingoth€com-pelitivceLono'nrc'tornrnc.\of'ltmemb6lt n.lcrnvnoriheonlvhisto,i.a realiiypnn.rpl.: other modcsol so.letaiorganizationol mercltpr.!: e.l .prm ve.u ur.sbutn sos,rved nto h.nrodern.ro.Thcperformance pnnoiplo is ihe rcnlityprincipleouidng !\rhat !'lflrcusew l.tercall"one-dmorsonosocieties."ldvnn.ednxluslri!] soclelk)swhosedominani socialslraUlicirtionconsislsol hbor' h concsoand
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