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teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as depicted in the New Testament. Christianity teaches that Jesus is the Son of God and the Messiah prophesied in the Old Testament, and that the New Testament records theGospel that wasrevealed by Jesus.
) as well as the New Testament as its canonical
scriptures. Like Judaism andIsla m, Christianity is classified as an Abrahamic religion
(see also,Judeo- Christ ian
Old Testament. The Christian concept of the Messiah differs significantly from the
contemporary Jewish concept. The core Christian belief is that, through the death and
resurrection of Jesus, sinful humans can be reconciled to God and thereby are offered
While there have been theological disputes over the nature of Jesus, Christians generally believe that Jesus is God incarnate and "true God and true man" (or both fully divine and fully human). Jesus, having become fully human in all respects, suffered the pains and temptations of a mortal man, yet he did not sin. As fully God, he defeated death and rose to life again. According to theBibl e, "God raised him from the dead," he ascended to
Pilate was pressured into crucifying Jesus by the nearly rioting crowds. Although the
crowds were incited by the religious authorities, Jesus was sentenced to death for
"inciting rebellion." Jesus died by late afternoon and was entombed.
Christians believe that God raised Jesus from the dead on the third day, that Jesus
appeared to his apostles and other disciples,commissioned his disciples to "make
disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son (Jesus)
and of the Holy Spirit." and thenascended toheaven. Christians also believe that God
the Father sent the Holy Spirit (orParac lete) to the disciples.
see Jesus' dying and suffering on the cross as a sign and demonstration from God the
Father that His Son was willing to endure the shame and suffering of the cross because of
hisagap e (parental, self-sacrificing) love for humanity. In other Scriptures which record
Jesus' death and resurrection, The Gospel According to St. John compares the crucifixion
of Jesus to the lifting up of theNehushtan (brass serpent) saying that "Just as Moses lifted
up the snake in the desert, so the Son of Man must be lifted up, that everyone who
believes in him may have eternal life. For God so loved the world that he gave his one
and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life." (John
) have argued that the
historical Jesus never claimed to be divine. John Hick observes that it is generally agreed
among scholars today that Jesus did not claim to be God. Many also reject the
historicity of the empty tomb (and thus a bodily resurrection) and many other events
narrated in the gospels. They assert that Gospel accounts describing these things are
probably literary fabrications. However, many other scholars and historians maintain
that the Gospel accounts of Jesus are, in fact, historically reliable: In terms ofancien t
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