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Damage Assessment and Needs Analysis - Adpc

Damage Assessment and Needs Analysis - Adpc

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Post-Disaster
Damage Assessment
and
Need Analysis
PO Box 4, Klong Luang Pathumthani 12120 Thailand
www.adpc.ait.ac.th
REPORTING
Second Draft
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
1. Introduction
2
2. Types of Assessment
2
3. Reports
3
4. Format of Reports
4
5. Quantifying Needs
5
6. Terminology
6
7. Resources
6
8. Priorities
6
9. International Donors
7
10. Training
7
Annexes:
Annex A: Suggested Format for FLASH Report
8
Annex B: Suggested Format for INITIAL Report
9
Annex C: Suggested Format for Inventory of Resources
14
Annex D: Most Common Priority Needs after Disasters in Asia
16
Acknowledgements

This document incorporates the outputs of the ADPC Workshop on Post-Disaster
Assessment and Needs Analysis, Bangkok 24-28 April 2000, extracts from
documents produced by participants in the Workshop, and also draws on a variety of
other publications including the US Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance Field
Operations Guide, the United Nations Disaster Assessment and Coordination Field
Handbook, the SPHERE Project, and South Pacific Disaster Reduction Program\u2019s
Guide to Successful Damage Reporting. Permission to incorporate material from
these sources is gratefully acknowledged.

Post-disaster Damage Assessment & Needs Analysis \u2013 Reporting
13 October, 2000
2
Asian Disaster Preparedness Center
INTRODUCTION

1. If officials responsible for organizing post-disaster relief operations are to make effective decisions about the deployment of resources it is essential that they be properly informed. They must have appropriate and timely information about what has happened, what needs to be done, and what resources are available. Their decisions can save lives, minimize injury damage and loss, prevent escalation, prevent secondary hazards and inform people who need to know. Well-organized response will also help to build confidence and enhance credibility.

2. Relief operations are, in essence, the management of information and resources, based on assessments and reports. Information is needed at all levels of administration but the nature of the information required will vary from one level to another. Good assessments and reporting require forethought; the assessment and reporting system should be established in preparedness planning.

3. Some of the data required is already available in the form of baseline data (maps, population statistic etc.), which must however be accessible, but this baseline data must be supplemented by real-time information (mostly in the form of incoming reports from various sources after the disaster).1

4. There is a clearly defined sequence to the process of managing information \u2013
converting raw data to useful information:
\u2022
Information \u201cin\u201d
\u2022
Sorting (grading, collating, discarding what is unreliable)
\u2022
Evaluation
\u2022
Decision making
\u2022
Information \u201cout\u201d (dissemination)
\u2022
Action
5. Passing on information is every bit as important as receiving it.
TYPES OF ASSESSMENT
6. There are two types of assessment:
\u2022
Situation (damage) Assessment: a description of what has happened;
\u2022
Needs Assessment: a statement of what needs to be done.
1Data is a structured collection of words, figures and other characters; information is useful data.

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