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AmateursGMATNotes2006%5B1%5D.1

AmateursGMATNotes2006%5B1%5D.1

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05/09/2014

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Hi, While preparing for my GMAT, I felt the necessity for notes as no single source was
complete and started my own notes. I gave my test recently ( My GMAT Experience :
http://www.scoretop.com/forum/forum_posts.asp?TID=25462&PN=1). Felt my notes would be

useful to many more. Besides, I wanted to share my learning\u2019s. Some information provided here may not be correct. I am no grammar expert. The information presented here has been gathered from different sources. All I have done is compile, edit and organize. Its very likely that you will find part of your post or a post that you have seen in some forum. Please don\u2019t sue me\u263a.

All the very Best
Vamshi (avo m catw o rk @yah oo . com)

An
Amateur\u2019s
Approach to
GMAT SC

An Amateur\u2019s Approach to GMAT SC
- 1-
An Amateur\u2019s Approach to GMAT SC
- 2-

1. Plan Your Preparation.................................................................................................4 1.1. Schedule: 20 Weeks to GMAT................................................................................4 1.2. Forums......................................................................................................................7 2. Question Format..........................................................................................................8 2.1. Process of Elimination.............................................................................................8 2.2. Identify Wrong Answers..........................................................................................8 2.3. Approach to solve a SC.........................................................................................10 3. Basic Grammar & Rules............................................................................................12 3.1. Basic English..........................................................................................................12 3.1.1.

Subject................................................................................................................12
3.1.2.
Clause.................................................................................................................13
3.1.3.
Phrase.................................................................................................................14
3.1.4.
Conjunction........................................................................................................15
3.1.5.
Adjectives and Adverbs.....................................................................................15
3.1.6.
Colon & Semicolon............................................................................................16
3.1.7.

Gerunds..............................................................................................................16 3.2. Rule 1 : Subject Verb Agreement..........................................................................16 3.2.1.

Pre-Exercise........................................................................................................17
3.2.2.
Approach............................................................................................................17
3.2.3.
Either/Neither.....................................................................................................18
3.2.4.
The Number vs. A Number...............................................................................18
3.2.5.
Indefinite Pronouns...........................................................................................18
3.2.6.
Compound Subjects...........................................................................................18
3.2.7.
Collective Nouns................................................................................................19
3.2.8.
Singular Subjects that look Plural......................................................................19
3.2.9.

Definite/ Indefinite articles................................................................................19 3.2.10. None vs. All........................................................................................................19 3.2.11. Singular noun + of + plural noun.....................................................................19 3.2.12. Each of\u2026/ One of\u2026that...................................................................................20 3.2.13. Majority of\u2026/ Percentage of.............................................................................21 3.2.14. Post-Exercise......................................................................................................21 3.3. Rule 2: Pronouns...................................................................................................22 3.3.1.

Indefinite Pronouns...........................................................................................23
3.3.2.
Each\u2026 other/another; one\u2026one......................................................................24
3.3.3.
Which.................................................................................................................24
3.3.4.
Who/ Whom......................................................................................................24
3.3.5.
Whose.................................................................................................................25
3.3.6.
Where.................................................................................................................25
3.3.7.
When..................................................................................................................25
3.3.8.
That.....................................................................................................................25
3.3.9.

Possessive Noun & Pronoun Reference............................................................26 3.4. Rule 3 : Verb Tense...............................................................................................26 3.4.1.

Will/ Shall...........................................................................................................28
3.4.2.
Since...................................................................................................................28
3.4.3.

Exercise..............................................................................................................28 3.5. Rule 4 : Misplaced modifier..................................................................................29 3.5.1.

Adverbial Modifier.............................................................................................30
An Amateur\u2019s Approach to GMAT SC
- 3-
3.5.2.
Modifiers with relative pronouns......................................................................30
3.5.3.
Essential vs. Non-Essential Modifier.................................................................31
3.5.4.
Exercise Identify the Correct Modifiers.............................................................31
3.5.5.
Subjunctive.........................................................................................................32
3.5.6.
If\u2026Then Construction.......................................................................................33
3.5.7.
Ifv/s Whether.....................................................................................................33
3.5.8.

Becausev/s Due to.............................................................................................34 3.6. Rule 5 : Parallelism................................................................................................34 3.6.1.

Lists.....................................................................................................................34
3.6.2.
Pronouns............................................................................................................35
3.6.3.
Exceptions in Parallelism...................................................................................35
3.6.4.

Split Infinitive.....................................................................................................36 3.7. Rule 6 : Idioms.......................................................................................................36 3.7.1.

Exercise..............................................................................................................37
3.7.2.

Between\ Among..............................................................................................39 3.8. Rule 7: Comparison...............................................................................................40 3.8.1.

Like/ As/ Such....................................................................................................40
3.8.2.

Compare to/ with...............................................................................................40 3.9. Rule 8 : Quantity Words........................................................................................41 3.9.1.

Doublev/s Twice...............................................................................................42
3.9.2.
Exercise..............................................................................................................42
3.10.

Non-Fatal Errors.................................................................................................42 3.10.1. Active /Passive...................................................................................................43 3.10.2. Short and Sweet.................................................................................................44 3.10.3. Redundancy........................................................................................................44

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