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Reaction of Sodium Thiosulphate and Hydrochloric Acid[1]

Reaction of Sodium Thiosulphate and Hydrochloric Acid[1]



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Published by: api-3732500 on Oct 15, 2008
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Reaction of sodium thiosulphate and hydrochloric acid
GCSE Investigation.The Reaction….
.Sodium thiosulphate, Na2S2O3 reacts with HCl to give a reaction mixture that gets morecloudy as yellow sulphur is formed. Na2s2o3(aq)+2hcl(aq)->2NaCl(aq)+S(s)+SO2(g)+H2O(g)What will we measure?The time for a cross beneath the reaction flask to disappear as the reaction flask todisappear as the reaction gets cloudy.We will do the reaction at several temperatures and try to work the rate of reaction
 Normally the reaction that we are trying to change is done in a flask . First of all you stir 50cm
of sodium thiosulphate and 10cm3 of hydrochloric acid into a flask and when thetwo are mixed together u start the stopwatch. After makkins sure the chemicals are properly mixed together I will place the flask over a piece of card with an x on it andtime how long it takes for the x to be no longer visible. The variable will be the amountof sodium
Thisolphate I use each time which will decrease by 10 cm3 each time. When I repeat the experiment I will identify
 I will change the concentration of Sodium Thiosulphate (decreasing the concentration of the substance in solution means that there will be fewer particles per cm
.) The fewer  particles that there are in the same volume the further away from each other the particleswill be, therefore the reaction would be slower, or faster.The investigation.In this investigation we will be looking at how concentration can affect the rate of thisreactionWe can control concentration by diluting solutions of known strengths
We want to investigate 5 or 6 concentrations-Errors
There are several possible errors that could of gone wrong in this experiment, for instance, there could be errors in the measurements or possibly faulty equipment. Therecan also be errors as there is a low temperature and when it gets to the end of theexperiment it is not easy to judge.The devices for measuring volume are at best accurate to 0.2 ml.The result of having too much or too little of each reagent is…….
BackgroundThe effect of concentration is:The concentration of a solution is how strong the solution is. For example, if we consider the reaction between marble chips (calcium carbonate) and hydrochloric acid:calcium carbonate + hydrochloric acid —> calcium chloride + water + carbon dioxideThen a stronger acid contains more acid particles and less water particles than a weaker acid.Increasing the concentration of a solution leads to more collisions (greater frequency of collisions) so the rate of the reaction goes up.Looking back to the "students in the Hall" thought experiment, we are putting morestudents into the Hall.In a less concentrated acid, the number of collisions is low, so the rate of the reaction isslower. (The water particles aren't shown):The effect of temperatureWhen we increase the temperature at which a reaction is taking place, the particles movemore quickly. This has two effects:1) More collisions take place2) When a collision occurs, there is more chance that the collision will lead to a reaction, because the amount of energy is more likely to be greater than the minimum amount of energy needed (the activation energy)Looking back to "students in the Hall" though experiment, we are now asking thestudents to run more quickly around the Hall.
At a lower temperature, the number of collisions is lower because the particles aremoving more slowly. Also when a collision occurs, there is less chance of a reactiontaking place because the movement energy in the particles is less (in the animationsuccessful collisions flash yellow, unsuccessful collisions flash blue):The effect of particle sizeSolids with a smaller particle size (e.g. powders or small chips) react more quickly thansolids with a larger particle size (e.g large chips). Here is why:Look at this diagramThe perimeter of the large chip is 12 units. The acid particles can only collide with theedge of the chip. However, if we break up the large chip into 9 smaller chips:

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