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Re Pointing Rubble Stonework

Re Pointing Rubble Stonework

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Published by glynis

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Categories:Types, Brochures
Published by: glynis on Oct 02, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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In traditionally built rubble stone walling it should be expected thatthe mortar that was used in its original construction will deteriorateover time and a need or repointing will eventually occur. I the wall was correctly built in the rst place this is only liable to berequired some time ater the rst 100 years. I repointed properly a urther century o lie can readily be expected rom the wall withoutmuch additional maintenance. Over the last ew decades theprocesses involved in doing this work efectively have not been ully understood. As a result, much supercial and inappropriate work has been carried out that will not last as long and will soon have tobe redone. Tis INFORM aims to guide building owners throughthe steps that are required or contractors to carry out repointing work properly.
The need for pinning stones
 When traditional rubble stone masonry walls were originally constructed it was commonpractice to use a variety o small stones, calledpinnings, to make the larger stones securein the wall. Both the large and small stones were bedded, or set, in lime mortar (although,occasionally, clay was used as a mortar).Troughout the country a variety o materials were used in constructing walls, and to makethem as structurally sound and weather-tightas possible. Tis gave rubble walls distinctively varied appearances across the country depending upon what local practices andmaterials were used.Depending upon the region, the lime mortarnish around the stones could be fush orslightly recessed so that all o the stone acescould be obviously seen. Elsewhere the mortarcan be ound to be progressively smeared overthe aces o the rough stones until the nalnish almost emerges as a ull lime render.In other areas additional lines o small stones were pushed into the wet mortar or joint lines were drawn onto the wall ace beore it set togive the impression o squared stonework.Irrespective o the nish, the underlyingrubble stones were generally originally built sothat the stones and smaller pinnings touchedeach other. In that way the structural load o the wall could be satisactorily carried to itsoundation whilst the mortar still had to set.Tis building process is an important pointto bear in mind when carrying out repointing work because, i it is ignored, the visualappearance o the wall can be signicantly altered. 

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