1. Twenty-four dogs are in a kennel. Twelve of the dogs are black, six of the dogs haveshort tails, and fifteen of the dogs have long hair. There is only one dog that is blackwith a short tail and long hair. Two of the dogs are black with short tails and do not havelong hair. Two of the dogs have short tails and long hair but are not black. If all of thedogs in the kennel have at least one of the mentioned characteristics, how many dogsare black with long hair but do not have short tails?
2. In a school of 320 students, 85 students are in the band, 200 students are on sportsteams, and 60 students participate in both activities. How many students are involved ineither band or sports?3. A veterinarian surveys 26 of his patrons. He discovers that 14 have dogs, 10 havecats, and 5 have fish. Four have dogs and cats, 3 have dogs and fish, and one has acat and fish. If no one has all three kinds of pets, how many patrons have none of thesepets?4. A guidance counselor is planning schedules for 30 students. Sixteen students saythey want to take French, 16 want to take Spanish, and 11 want to take Latin. Five saythey want to take both French and Latin, and of these, 3 wanted to take Spanish aswell. Five want only Latin, and 8 want only Spanish. How many students want Frenchonly?5 . Suppose I discover that my cat has a taste for the adorable little geckoes that live inthe bushes and vines in my back yard. In one month, he deposits the following on mycarpet: six gray geckoes, twelve geckoes that had dropped their tails in an effort toescape capture, and fifteen geckoes that he'd chewed on a little. Only one of thegeckoes was gray, chewed on, and tailless; two were gray and tailless but not chewedon; two were gray and chewed on but not tailless. If there were a total of 24 geckoes lefton my carpet that month, and all of the geckoes were at least one of "gray", "tailless",and "chewed on", how many were tailless and chewed on but not gray?6 . A class of 40 students consists of 24 studying drama, 22 studying music and 15studying both. Illustrate this information using a Venn Diagram, then use the diagram tofind the probability that a student studies (a) both subjects, (b) drama only, (c) neither.7. At the Keep in Shape Club, 35 people swim, 24 play tennis, and 27 jog. Of thesepeople, 12 swim and play tennis, 19 play tennis and jog, and 13 jog and swim. Ninepeople do all three activities. How many members are there altogether?8. Forty one students took three exams each in Algebra, Biology, and Chemistry. Wehave the following data: (1) twelve students failed the Algebra exam, (2) five studentsfailed the Biology exam, (3) eight students failed the Chemistry exam, (4) two studentsfailed both Algebra and Biology, (5) six students failed both Algebra and Chemistry, (6)three failed both Biology and Chemistry and (7) one student failed all three exams.(
Here is how to read this data : Five students failed Biology: of those, two failedboth Algebra and Biology, and so forth.) How many passed all three subjects?