Factors to consider when designing RoboticsAutomation
Understand the Process:
First the designer needs to understand the process and what needs to be accomplished with theautomation. Will you use the robot for part removal, inserts, machining, marking, weighing,machine vision inspection, cutting of sprues, trimming of parts or assembly? Are there otherprocess requirements like cooling time or cleanliness? These items will make a big difference to thecell layout.
Evaluate Layout Concepts:
Several different layout concepts should be evaluated. Consider what space is available in the plant.There are shelf-mounted robots and overhead mounted robots that can save quite a bit of floorspace. Since floor space is at a premium, manufacturers usually look for space-saving ideas. Theseconcept layouts focus more on understanding the process concepts like product flow.
Select the Types of Robots to use:
After determining an approximate cell layout, consider robot selection. When selecting a robotmodel, determine the reach and payload needed for the application. A key factor in developing asuccessful robotic system is to be sure the payload is within limits of the robot selected. It isimportant to consider center of gravity and moment of inertia. Consider what process forces andtorques might be required, like insert press force or part removal force. Cycle time can also be animportant factor, along with the accuracy that is required for the process operations in your workcell. Machining holes or performing assembly may require a higher accuracy than just taking a partout of a mold. Robot selection is a key step for success of the system, so asking the help of arobotics expert may be needed.