ALTAF HUSAIN..................................................08-arid-282DVM 5
CURRENT SITUATION OF DAIRY INDUSTRY ANDFUTURE CONCERN IN PAKISTAN
The main economy generating sector of Pakistan is agriculture which shares the 23% of national GDP and provides the work to 42% of labour force. Among the agriculture livestock isthe major sub sector. According to FAO data in 2003-04 the money earned estimates 1537billion rupees, which was 11% of the national exchange. In the agriculture sector the share of livestock is 53.2% where as in GDP is 10.8%. In livestock the major share is of milk which is51%. In milk production Pakistan is at fifth position in world with 28 billion litre/Annam. Thisproduction can be increased but this development and effective need to work as companion.Pakistan has very suitable conditions for dairy forming. The plains are irrigatedthrough canal system. The northern areas have suitable climate and grazing pastures. Due todecreasing land for crop production this only sector which will be profitable in future.
Current Situation the Sector
Pakistan is facing many problems in dairy sector which are;1.
Scattered faming and small herd size2.
Poor genetic potential3.
Poor quality feedstuff 4.
Long calving interval and age at first caving7.
Tick infestation and dermatitis8.
Poor marketing system9.
Unavailability of skilled man power for dairy industry10.
Lack of commercial feeds11.
Improper service of artificial insemination12.
Seasonal availability of fodder13.
Buffalo is seasonal breeder
Pakistan has world-known buffalo breeds Nili-Ravi and Kundi, and in cattle Sahiwal,Red Sinhi and Aga Kheli breeds. But the buffalo is major contributor. Current population of cattle is 34.3 million and buffalo is 30.8 million.
Dairy Production system
There is no proper production system in Pakistan. People keep animals for their ownneeds. The priority is given to crop production rather the milk production, so there is acompetition between livestock and crop production. But now the trend is changing. Theproduction systems are;