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Chemistry Revision Guidelines

Chemistry Revision Guidelines

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Published by: Michael Calderone Chee on Oct 03, 2011
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07/13/2013

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Hwa Chong InstitutionH2 Chemistry 9647C1 Promotional Examinations 2011
Prepared by Chee Yuan JunName: ( ) CT Group:Tested Syllabus:
1)
 
Atoms, Molecules andStoichiometry
2)
 
Atomic Structure andPeriodicity
3)
 
Chemical Bonding
4)
 
Gaseous State
5)
 
Chemical Energetics &Thermodynamics
6)
 
Reaction Kinetics
7)
 
Chemical Equilibrium
8)
 
Introduction to OrganicChemistry
9)
 
Alkanes
10)
 
Alkenes
11)
 
Arenes
12)
 
Halogen Derivatives(
Halogenoalkanes andhalogenoarenes
) (MCQonly)
Test Format:
Paper
 
Paper Type
 
Marks
 
Duration
 
Remarks
 1 MCQ25 40 min 17 A, B, C, D Type8 1, 2, 3 Type2Section A
 – 
StructuredQuestions45 70 min
Planning included
 Section B
 – 
Free ResponseQuestions40 60 min 3 choose 2
The Chapters
Section 1: DefinitionsSection 2: Suggested Response QuestionsSection 3: Stochiometry and CalculationsSection 4: Organic ChemistrySection 5: Planning
How To Use This ResourceThis is NOT a Revision Guide
 –
this merely helps you consolidate certain pieces of information thathave appeared in your notes so as to help you prepare for Tuesday's examination. You should onlyrefer to this and use this ONCE you're done studying. Also note, for Section 2, not ALL the types of questions are there
 –
those are the more generic ones. You SHOULD be doing Tutorials, PerformanceTasks, TYS, PYP, Rainbow Series to get a larger exposure to questions.
Good Luck
 
 
Hwa Chong Institution C1 Promotional Examinations 2011
H2 Chemistry 9647 
 Prepared by Chee Yuan Jun
Section 1: Definitions
Ensure that, before you take the promotional examinations, you know the correct chemical definitions of the following terms. These marks can make the difference eventually 
– 
every mark matters.
EnergeticsEnthalpy Change of:-
 
Combustion-
 
Reaction-
 
Formation-
 
Hydration-
 
Fusion-
 
SolutionLattice EnergyBond Dissociation EnergyBond EnergyFirst Ionization EnergyElectron AffinityEquilibriumLe Chatelier's PrincipleDynamic EquilibriumOrganic ChemistryOptical isomers
 
Hwa Chong Institution C1 Promotional Examinations 2011
H2 Chemistry 9647 
 Prepared by Chee Yuan Jun
Section 2: Suggested Revision Questions
Before the promotional examinations, you should ensure that you are at the very least able to explainthe following questions
– 
these are the common type of questions that you should be able to explain
– 
they are part of the learning objectives. Do NOT use this as a revision template
– 
you should do that with your own lecture notes. This just tries to help you frame it for the examination.
 
Chapter 2: Atomic Structure
 Explain the general trend in the increase in first ionization energy across the period.Explain the two anomalies in the first ionization energy across the period.*Explain why the second ionization energy of selenium is higher than that of arsenic.Explain the reasons for the general trend in first ionization energy down the Group.
Chapter 3: Chemical Bonding
Using structure and/or bonding, explain why:-
 
AlCl
3
has a lower boiling point than AlF
3
.-
 
Calcium has a higher boiling point than sodium-
 
H
2
O has a higher melting point than HF.-
 
FO
2
cannot exist but ClO
2
can.-
 
CH
4
is soluble in hexane, but not in water.-
 
Bond Angle of NH3 > Bond angle of NF3-
 
Bond Angle of NH3 < Bond angle of CH4
-
 
BP N
2
H
4
< BP H
2
O
2
-
 
BP N
2
H
4
> BP NH
3
 *Are you able to explain the different factors that affect b.p./m.p.?State Fajan's Laws and explain what causes atoms to be polarisable or have higher polarizing ability.Explain why F-F bonds have small bond length but small bond energy too.Deduce the identity of elements (using bonding). -> what must I explain?What are the conditions required for hydrogen bonding? Suggest and explain the difference inbp/mp between molecules that can undergo inter+intra H-bonding vs those that only undergo inter.Suggest reasons for solubility/insolubility between-
 
Ion-dipole-
 
Polar-polar-
 
Non-polar-non-polar-
 
Polar-non-polar.**Suggest why Vitamin A is not soluble.

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