"found that, in order to initiate and sustain student reflection, they needed to structure specificquestions for th students” (p.44).The following are some examples from D'Aoust's account, freelymodified to suggest how such prompts can be used across disciplines for students self-analysis of their development as learners:
How am I doing on this lab report or paper assignment?
Where am I headed in this statistical summary and analysis?
How does this piece of writing compare with my other
How did I sustain my interest in collecting this data?
Did collaborating with peers or with my instructor help me better achieve learninggoals of my practicum?
How would I describe my progress as a learner in my major, and what evidence can Igive in my portfolio?
Where do I need help as a learner in my chosen field?
How can a peer mentor or the teacher assist me to become a better learner?
D'Aoust's samples are easily adapted to other disciplinary areas, and the underlying advantage of designing such probes in any context is that students begin to develop a vocabulary of reflection, ameans for communicating to themselves, to each other, and to external evaluators the individualcharacter and progress of their learning.Brooldield's (1995) instructions and questions on keeping a learning journal are worth sharing atlength, too:The purpose of this journal...will give you some insight into your own emotional and cognitiverhythms as a learner. By this, I mean that you will become more aware of how you go about organizingyour learning; what kinds of learning tasks you are drawn to, what teaching styles you find mostcongenial, what tasks you resist and seek to avoid, what conditions encourage you to take risks inlearning...If you`d like some structure to help you with the first few weeks' entries, try writing a fewlines in response to me following questions (pp. 97-98):
What have I learned this week about myself as a learner?
.What have I learned this week about my emotional responses' to learning?
What were the highest emotional moments in my learning activities this week?
What were the lowest emotional moments in my learning activities this week?
What learning tasks did I respond to most easily this week?
What learning tasks gave me the greatest difficulties this week?
What was the most significant thing that happened to me as a learner this week?
What learning activity or emotional response most took me by surprise thisweek?
Of everything I did this week in my learning, what would I do differently if I hadto do it again?
What do I feel proudest about regarding my learning activities this week?
What do I feel most dissatisfied with regarding my learning activities this week?
Clearly, Brookfield is communicating to students that getting beyond the acquisition of presumably2