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1 Introduction
1.1 What is R?
1.2 The R environment
1.3 Obtaining and installing R
1.5 The available help
1.5.1 The on line help
1.5.2 The R mailing lists and the R Journal
1.6 The R workspace, managing objects
1.7 R Packages
1.8 Conﬂicting objects
1.9 Editors for R scripts
1.9.1 The editor in RGui
1.9.2 Other editors
2 Data Objects
2.1 Data types
2.1.1 Double
2.1.2 Integer
2.1.3 Complex
2.1.4 Logical
2.1.5 Character
2.1.6 Factor
2.1.7 Dates and Times
2.1.8 Missing data and Inﬁnite values
2.2.1 Vectors
2.2.2 Matrices
2.2.5 Time-series objects
2.2.6 Lists
2.2.7 The str function
3 Importing data
3.1 Text ﬁles
3.1.1 The scan function
3.2 Excel ﬁles
3.3 Databases
3.4 The Foreign package
4 Data Manipulation
4.1 Vector subscripts
4.2 Matrix subscripts
4.3 Manipulating Data frames
4.3.1 Extracting data from data frames
4.3.2 Adding columns to a data frame
4.3.3 Combining data frames
4.3.4 Merging data frames
4.3.5 Aggregating data frames
4.3.6 Stacking columns of data frames
4.3.7 Reshaping data
4.4 Attributes
4.5 Character manipulation
4.5.1 The functions nchar, substring and paste
4.6 Creating factors from continuous data
5 Writing functions
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Arguments and variables
5.2.1 Required and optional arguments
5.2.2 The ‘...’ argument
5.2.3 Local variables
5.2.4 Returning an object
5.2.5 The Scoping rules
5.2.6 Lazy evaluation
5.3 Control ﬂow
5.3.1 Tests with if and switch
5.3.2 Looping with for, while and repeat
5.4.1 The traceback function
5.4.2 The warning and stop functions
5.4.3 Stepping through a function
5.4.4 The browser function
6 Eﬃcient calculations
6.1 Vectorized computations
6.2 The apply and outer functions
6.2.1 the apply function
6.2.2 the lapply and sapply functions
6.2.3 The tapply function
6.2.4 The by function
6.2.5 The outer function
6.3 Using Compiled code
6.3.1 The .C and .Fortran interfaces
6.3.2 The .Call and .External interfaces
6.4 Some Compiled Code examples
6.4.1 The arsim example
6.4.2 Using #include <R.h>
creasing vectors
6.4.3 Evaluating R expressions in C
7 Graphics
7.1 Introduction
7.2 More plot functions
7.2.1 The plot function
7.2.2 Distribution plots
7.2.3 Two or more variables
7.2.4 Graphical Devices
7.3 Modifying a graph
7.3.1 Graphical parameters
7.3.2 Some handy low-level functions
7.3.3 Controlling the axes
7.4 Trellis Graphics
7.4.1 Introduction
7.4.2 Multi panel graphs
7.4.3 Trellis panel functions
7.4.4 Conditioning plots
7.5 The ggplot2 package
7.5.1 The qplot function
7.5.2 Facetting
7.5.3 Plots with several layers
8 Statistics
8.1 Basic statistical functions
8.1.1 Statistical summaries and tests
8.1.2 Probability distributions and random numbers
8.2 Regression models
8.2.1 Formula objects
8.3 Linear regression models
8.3.1 Formula objects
8.3.2 Modeling functions
8.3.3 Multicollinearity
8.3.4 Factor (categorical) variables as regression variables
8.4 Logistic regression
8.4.1 The modeling function glm
8.4.2 Performance measures
8.4.3 Predictive ability of a logistic regression
8.5 Tree models
8.5.1 An example of a tree model
8.5.2 Coarse classiﬁcation and binning
8.6 Survival analysis
8.6.1 The Cox proportional hazards model
8.6.2 Parametric models for survival analysis
8.7 Non linear regression
8.7.1 Ill-conditioned models
8.7.2 Singular value decomposition
9 Miscellaneous Stuﬀ
9.1 Object Oriented Programming
9.1.1 Introduction
9.1.2 Old style classes
9.1.3 New Style classes
9.2 R Language objects
9.2.1 Calls and Expressions
9.2.2 Expressions as Lists
9.2.3 Functions as lists
9.3 Calling R from SAS
9.3.1 The call system and X functions
9.4.2 Starting R
9.5 Creating an R package
9.5.1 A ‘private’ package
9.5.2 A ‘real’ R package
9.6 Calling R from Java
9.7 Creating fancy output and reports
9.7.2 An simple HTML report
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Lam Introduction Tor LHL

# Lam Introduction Tor LHL

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12/04/2012

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