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Basic and 2v Faqs

Basic and 2v Faqs

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Published by: api-3736566 on Oct 15, 2008
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1.Where can I download the .NET SDK?
.NET SDK can be obtainedhere.
(You have to install the Microsoft .NET Framework Version 1.1 Redistributable Package
before installing the .NET SDK.)
2.Are there any free IDEs for the .NET SDK?
oMicrosoft provides Visual Studio 2005 Express Edition Beta for free. Of particular
interest to the ASP.NET developers would be the Visual Web Developer 2005
Express Edition Beta 2 available as a free download.
oThe ASP.NET Web Matrix Project (supported by Microsoft) is a free IDE for
developing ASP.NET applications and is availablehere.
oThere is also a free open-source UNIX version of the Microsoft .NET development
platform called Mono available for downloadhere.
oAnother increasingly popular Open Source Development Environment for .NET is
the #develop (short for SharpDevelop) available for downloadhere.
3.When was ASP.NET released?
ASP.NET is a part of the .NET framework which was released as a software platform in
4.Is a new version coming up?

ASP.NET 2.0, Visual Studio 2005 (Whidbey), Visual Web Developer 2005 Express Edition are the next releases of Microsoft's Web platform and tools. They have already been released as Beta versions. They are scheduled to be released in the week of November 7, 2005.

5.Explain Namespace.

Namespaces are logical groupings of names used within a program. There may be multiple namespaces in a single application code, grouped based on the identifiers\u2019 use. The name of any given identifier must appear only once in its namespace.

6.List the types of Authentication supported by ASP.NET.

oWindows (default)
oNone (Security disabled)

7.What is CLR?

Common Language Runtime (CLR) is a run-time environment that manages the execution
of .NET code and provides services like memory management, debugging, security, etc. The
CLR is also known as Virtual Execution System (VES).

8.What is CLI?

The CLI is a set of specifications for a runtime environment, including a common type
system, base class library, and a machine-independent intermediate code known as the
Common Intermediate Language (CIL). (Source: Wikipedia.)

9.List the various stages of Page-Load lifecycle.

o Init()
o Load()
o PreRender()
o Unload()

10.Explain Assembly and Manifest.

An assembly is a collection of one or more files and one of them (DLL or EXE) contains a
special metadata called Assembly Manifest. The manifest is stored as binary data and
contains details like versioning requirements for the assembly, the author, security
permissions, and list of files forming the assembly. An assembly is created whenever a DLL
is built. The manifest can be viewed programmatically by making use of classes from the

System.Reflection namespace. The tool Intermediate Language Disassembler
(ILDASM) can be used for this purpose. It can be launched from the command prompt or
via Start> Run.
11.What is Shadow Copy?

In order to replace a COM component on a live web server, it was necessary to stop the
entire website, copy the new files and then restart the website. This is not feasible for the
web servers that need to be always running. .NET components are different. They can be
overwritten at any time using a mechanism called Shadow Copy. It prevents the Portable
Executable (PE) files like DLLs and EXEs from being locked. Whenever new versions of the
PEs are released, they are automatically detected by the CLR and the changed components
will be automatically loaded. They will be used to process all new requests not currently
executing, while the older version still runs the currently executing requests. By bleeding
out the older version, the update is completed.

12.What is DLL Hell?

DLL hell is the problem that occurs when an installation of a newer application might break
or hinder other applications as newer DLLs are copied into the system and the older
applications do not support or are not compatible with them. .NET overcomes this problem
by supporting multiple versions of an assembly at any given time. This is also called side-
by-side component versioning.

13.Explain Web Services.

Web services are programmable business logic components that provide access to
functionality through the Internet. Standard protocols like HTTP can be used to access
them. Web services are based on the Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP), which is an
application of XML. Web services are given the.asmx extension.

14.Explain Windows Forms.

Windows Forms is employed for developing Windows GUI applications. It is a class library that gives developers access to Windows Common Controls with rich functionality. It is a common GUI library for all the languages supported by the .NET Framework.

15.What is Postback?
When an action occurs (like button click), the page containing all the controls within the
<FORM... > tag performs an HTTP POST, while having itself as the target URL. This is
called Postback.

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