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Table Of Contents

The Science of Psychology 1
Learning Objectives
EXPLAINING HUMAN BEHAVIOUR
The Beginnings of Modern Psychology 99
THE BEGINNINGS OF MODERN PSYCHOLOGY
PHYSIOLOGICAL INFLUENCES
STRUCTURALISM: MENTAL CHEMISTRY
PSYCHOLOGY TODAY
FINAL THOUGHTS
Summary
FURTHERREADING
Methodology
RESEARCH METHODS AND STATISTICS
CARRYING OUT QUALITY RESEARCH
THE ROLE OF THEORY IN PSYCHOLOGY
WHAT CAN WE MEASURE?
A RUNDOWN ON RESEARCH METHODS
EXPERIMENT VERSUS SURVEY
WHICH IS THE BEST METHOD TO USE?
DECIDING WHAT TO MANIPULATE
DECIDING WHAT TO MEASURE
PRODUCING TRUSTWORTHY RESULTS
DESCRIBING NUMERICAL RESULTS
UNDERSTANDINGCORRELATION
REVISION QUESTIONS
INTRODUCTION
...IMMENSELYCOMPLEX
HOW YOUR BRAIN PLAYS TENNIS
THE SUPPORT AND STRUCTURE OF NEURONS
THE PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
REGIONS WITHIN THE BRAIN
THE STRUCTURE OF THE HUMAN BRAIN
ELECTRICAL ACTIVITY
WHAT DO NEURONS LOOK LIKE?
NEURAL INTERACTION
NEUROTRANSMISSION
NEURONS AS INTEGRATORS
DISRUPTING THE SYSTEM
INHIBITORY NEUROTRANSMISSION
FURTHER INTRICACIES
EXPERIENCE AS A MODIFIER
NEONATALBRAINDEVELOPMENT
CAN WE REPAIR DAMAGED BRAINS?
MODULAR PROCESSING
Learning
PAVLOV’S DOGS
ASSOCIATIVE ANALYSIS
THORNDIKE’SCATS
THE LAW OF EFFECT
CONTROL OF PERFORMANCE
84 Learning
CONTIGUITYANDPREDICTIVENESS
RESPONDING TO A SINGLE STIMULUS
SELECTIVE ASSOCIATION FORMATION
SPATIALLEARNING
DISCRIMINATION LEARNING
Motivation
PERIPHERALFACTORS
HUNGER AND THE CONTROL OF FOOD INTAKE
CONTROL SIGNALS
HOW THE BRAIN CONTROLS EATING
CELLULARDEHYDRATION
EXTRACELLULARTHIRSTSTIMULI
CONTROL OF NORMAL DRINKING
SOCIOBIOLOGY AND SEXUAL BEHAVIOUR
Emotion
EMOTION AS FEELING
EMOTION AS BEHAVIOUR
EMOTION AS AROUSAL
THE COGNITIVE APPROACH TO EMOTION
THE SOCIAL APPROACH TO EMOTION
FIVE FUNDAMENTAL EMOTIONS
OTHER DISCRETE EMOTIONS
EARLY THEORIES
ATTACHMENT
RECENT THEORIES
EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE
CAN EMOTIONS MALFUNCTION?
THEORIES OF NEUROTIC ANXIETY
Sensory Processes
LIGHT
HOW DO WE GATHER INFORMATION?
SOUND
THE CHEMICAL SENSES
HOW DO WE SEE?
HOW DO WE HEAR?
TASTING AND SMELLING
Perception
WHEN SEEING GOES WRONG
THEORIES OF PERCEPTION
SPOTTING THE CAT IN THE GRASS
EXPLAINING AFTER-EFFECTS
GROUPINGANDSEGMENTATION
HOW DO WE KNOW WHAT WE SEE?
SEEING WITHOUT KNOWING
SEEING WHAT WE KNOW
RESOLVINGVISUALAMBIGUITY
HOW TRAINING INFLUENCES PERFORMANCE
TOP-DOWN MECHANISMS
Infancy and Childhood 9
PHYSICAL AND SENSORY DEVELOPMENT
SOCIAL AND EMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENT
PERCEPTUAL AND MOTOR DEVELOPMENT
LANGUAGE AND COMMUNICATION
PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT
ADOLESCENCE
EARLY ADULTHOOD
MIDDLE ADULTHOOD
COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT
INFERRING MEMORY FROM BEHAVIOUR
WHAT IS MEMORY?
OBSERVATION VS. INFERENCE
OVERCOMING THE PROBLEM
CONSTRUCTING THE PAST
KINDS OF REMEMBERING
MEMORY MODELS
EXPLICIT AND IMPLICIT MEMORY
THE INFORMATION-PROCESSING METAPHOR
BADDELEY’S WORKING MEMORY MODEL
LEVELS OF PROCESSING
THE LINK BETWEEN STUDY AND TEST
WHAT DO WE KNOW ABOUT MEMORY?
THE EFFECTS OF PREVIOUS KNOWLEDGE
REALVS. IMAGINEDMEMORIES
LEARNING STRATEGIES
SYNTAX, SEMANTICS AND PRAGMATICS
UNDERSTANDING LANGUAGE
TRACKING THE READING PROCESS
LANGUAGEDISORDERS
PROBLEM SOLVING
LOGICAL AND CONDITIONAL REASONING
INTUITION
Intelligence
GALTON AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES
QUESTIONS OF INTELLIGENCE
SETTING THE SCENE
BINET AND DEVELOPMENTAL CHANGES
HOW IS THE INTELLECT STRUCTURED?
NON-UNITARY THEORIES OF INTELLIGENCE
DETTERMAN – THE BEST OF BOTH WORLDS
ANDERSON – TWO ROUTES TO KNOWLEDGE
THEORIES OF RETARDATION
SAVANTSYNDROME
THE GENETICS OF IQ
Personality
WHAT IS PERSONALITY?
IN THE WAKE OF FREUD
THE DRIVE TO FULFIL POTENTIAL
HUMANISTIC THEORIES – INDIVIDUALITY
TRAIT THEORIES – ASPECTS OF PERSONALITY
EYSENCK’S SUPERTRAITS
FIVE FACTORS OF PERSONALITY
TRAIT DEBATES
GENETICS VS. ENVIRONMENT
AFFECTS – HOW WE FEEL
312 Revision Questions
WHAT CAUSES ABNORMAL BEHAVIOUR?
BIOLOGY AND GENETICS
ATTACHMENT AND SECURITY
MOODDISORDERS– DEPRESSION
PERSONALITY DISORDERS – A WAY OF BEING
Therapy
PSYCHOLOGICAL TREATMENTS
BEHAVIOUR THERAPY
COGNITIVE THERAPY
HUMANISTIC THERAPY
FAMILY AND COUPLES THERAPY
SOCIAL COGNITION
THE THREE COMPONENTS OF ATTITUDE
HOW DO YOU MEASURE AN ATTITUDE?
HOW DO ATTITUDES INFLUENCE BEHAVIOUR?
CATEGORIZATION AND STEREOTYPING
THE POWER OF STEREOTYPES
GROUP PROCESSES
BEING IN THE PRESENCE OF OTHER PEOPLE
INTERPERSONAL BEHAVIOUR
HOW GROUPS GET THINGS DONE
SOCIAL CATEGORIES AND SOCIAL IDENTITY
PREJUDICE AND DISCRIMINATION
BUILDING SOCIAL HARMONY
Health Psychology
THE ROLE OF HEALTH BELIEFS
INTEGRATED MODELS
THE DIMENSIONS OF ILLNESS BELIEFS
HEALTHPROFESSIONALS’ BELIEFS
DOES STRESS CAUSE ILLNESS?
STRESS MODELS
PSYCHOLOGY’S ROLE
MATCHING THE PERSON TO THE JOB
INDIVIDUALS AT WORK
FITTING INTO THE ORGANIZATION
TRAINING – DOES IT WORK?
LEADERSHIP STYLES
JOB SATISFACTION
STRESS AT WORK
GROUP DECISION MAKING
ORGANIZATIONALDESIGN
ORGANIZATIONS AT WORK
ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE
POWER AND POLITICS
REDUNDANCY – A KIND OF BEREAVEMENT
REDUNDANCY AND UNEMPLOYMENT
AN EARLY MODEL OF MEMORY
THE MEANING OF ‘FORENSIC’
THE ORIGINS OF LEGAL PSYCHOLOGY
PSYCHOLOGY AND THE LAW
VOLUNTARY FALSE CONFESSIONS
INTERROGATIONAL TACTICS
COERCED FALSE CONFESSIONS
THE COGNITIVE INTERVIEW
DETECTING LIES AND DECEIT
THE CAMBRIDGE STUDY
CRIMINOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY
VIOLENT OFFENDERS
WORKING WITH OFFENDERS
Glossary
References
Illustration Sources and Credits
Author Index
Subject Index
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eBook Psychology

eBook Psychology

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Published by: Kristin Choi on Oct 03, 2011
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